23 Flashcards


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created 7 years ago by giacometto
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1

Which of the following do all oil traps have in common?

a reservoir rock with a cap rock above it

2

A(n) __________ is not associated with structural deformation.

stratigraphic (pinchout) trap

3

Which of the following must be true for hydrocarbons to be trapped by salt diapirs?

The salt must be impermeable.

4

List the fluids commonly found in traps, from the least to most dense.

gas, oil, water

5

Which of the following must be true for hydrocarbons to be collected by a fault trap?

The fault must be sealed.

6

About half of renewable energy is used in __________.

electric power generation

7

Most of the energy used by the industrial and residential/commercial sectors is __________.

natural gas

8

Nuclear energy is used in what energy sector(s)?

electric power

9

__________ is split nearly evenly among the industrial, residential and commercial, and electric power sectors.

Natural gas

10

Almost _____ of all electric power produced relies on coal as a source of energy.

46%

11

Which of the following accurately describes oil shale?

An organic-rich, fine-grained, impermeable sedimentary rock containing kerogen.

12

Which of the following is required for oil shales to form?

a sedimentary basin

13

Why must oil shale be heated to extract hydrocarbons?

Oil shale has low permeability.

14

Methane clathrates are stable in __________ conditions.

low temperature, high pressure

15

Which of the following is a drawback to mining oil shale and oil sands?

It is costly and energy-intensive to extract these resources.