Chapter 0ne post-Test

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Microbiology
Chapter 1
Microbiology 205: post-test Fall 2012
Grade levels:
College: Second year
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1

Robert Hooke's observation of the individual units in thin layers of cork tissue led to the development of _________ theory.

cell

2

Lister knew that carbolic acid (pheno) kills bacteria. He used it as the first________.

disinfectant

3

The protection from disease provided by vaccination is called______.

immunity

4

The _______are unicellular, eukaryotic microbes that move by pseudopods, flagella, or cilia.

protozoa

5

________ involves the ability afforded by genetic engineering to insert a missing gene or replace a defective gene in human cell.

Gene therapy

6

Microbes are not responsible for __________.

All of the above

7

An exposure to _______ protects against infection with smallpox.

cowpox

8

All life can be classified into three domains _______.

Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya

9

Which of the following properties are true of both bacteria and viruses?

Both use a molecule of nucleic acid to determine heredity.

10

Mad cow disease is caused by a prion, which is an infectious ________.

protein

11

Which of the following is a scientific name?

Legionella, pneumophila

12

Which of the following fields of study and its example are not correctly matched?

Parasitology: study of HIV

13

In the scientific name, Escherichia coli, Escherichia is the _______.

genus

14

Which of the following types of microorganism and its description is not correctly matched?

protozoa, small animals

15

All of the following are examples of biotechnology except _____.

bacteria that cause disease

16

Examples of fungi include the yeasts, molds, and mushrooms.

True

17

Flagella are appendages that allow locomotion in bacteria.

True

18

E. coli O157:H7 is part of the normal microbiota in the human large intestine.

False

19

The avian influenza A virus is transmitted only between birds.

False

20

The vast majority of microbes are harmful to humans or plants.

False