Radiographic Pathology Chapter 1 Flashcards


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1

A disease process caused by physicians or their treatment is this type of process.

a. idiopathic

b. iatrogenic

c. neoplasia

d. community acquired

b. iatrogenic

2

Basic reactions of the body to some form of injury is a:

a. disease process

b. pathology

c. study of diseases

d. idiopathic process

a. disease process

3

What term is used to denote a disease in which the underlying cause is unknown?

a. idiopathic

b. antietiologic

c. iatrogenic

d. nosocomial

a. idiopathic

4

Alterations of cell growth, specifically an abnormal proliferation of cells is called:

a. hyperplasia

b. dysplasia

c. neoplasia

d. aplasia

c. neoplasia

5

The initial response of body tissues to local injury is:

a. infection

b. ischemia

c. edema

d. inflammation

d. inflammation

6

Heat and redness associated with inflammation is produced by:

a. hyperemia

b. scar tissue

c. hyperplasia

d. infarction

a. hyperemia

7

In an injury, the destroyed tissue is replaced with:

a. granulomatous inflammation

b. granulation tissue

c. phagocytes

d. pyogens

b. granulation tissue

8

Of the five clinical signs of acute inflammation, the medical term for swelling is:

a. edema

b. tumor

c. calor

d. dolor

b. tumor

9

Some bacterial organisms that produce these substances that cause damage to the tissue and incite the inflammatory process are known as:

a. toxoids

b. pyogens

c. toxins

d. abscesses

c. toxins

10

In acute inflammation, the localized head and redness are a result of the:

a. migration of circulating white blood cells

b. increased blood flow and vascular permeability

c. regeneration of normal parenchymal cells

d. enzymatic digestion of dead cells

b. increased blood flow and vascular permeability

11

In pyogenic infections, the body responds by producing a thick, yellow fluid called:

a. bacteria

b. pus

c. edema

d. a scar

b. pus

12

All pyogens have the ability to enter the blood circulation causing:

a. bacteremia

b. phagocytosis

c. septicemia

d. keloid tissue

a. bacteremia

13

Connective tissue fibers replacing dead tissue, then contracting in the abdomen are known as:

a. keloids

b. suppurative inflammation

c. fibrous adhesions

d. hyperemia

c. fibrous adhesions

14

An accumulation of abnormal amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue throughout the body is called:

a. bacteremia

b. elephantiasis

c. filariasis

d. anasarca

d. anasarca

15

Localized _____ is produced in an inflammatory reaction as a result of a fluid accumulation.

a. filariasis

b. edema

c. elephantiasis

d. fibrous adhesions

b. edema

16

An inflammation associated with pus formation is:

a. bacteremia

b. phagocytosis

c. suppurative

d. hyperemia

c. suppurative

17

The protein-rich fluid associated with swelling in an inflammatory process is:

a. exudate

b. transudate

c. pus

d. permeable

a. exudate

18

The low-protein fluid associated with the inflammatory process as seen in pulmonary edema is called:

a. an abscess

b. exudate

c. transudate

d. filariasis

c. transudate

19

A localized area of ischemic necrosis within a tissue or organ produced by vascular occlusion is a(n):

a. gangrene

b. infarct

c. purpura

d.ecchymosis

b. infarct

20

Depriving tissue of oxygen and nutrients caused by an arterial vessel narrowing is referred to as:

a. ischemia

b. petechiae

c. filariasis

d. gangrene

a. ischemia

21

The progression of a loss of oxygen and nutrients resulting in tissue necrosis especially in the diabetic's foot is called:

a. infarction

b. gangrene

c. ischemia

d. hemorrhage

b. gangrene

22

A subcutaneous hematoma greater than 1 to 2 cm is called a(n):

a. purpura

b. ecchymosis

c. petechia

d. infarct

b. ecchymosis

23

An accumulation of blood trapped within the body tissues is known as a (an):

a. hematoma

b. ecchymosis

c. petechia

d. pleural effusion

a. hematoma

24

Bleeding into mucous membranes or serial surfaces is referred to as:

a. petechiae

b. hemorrhage

c. purpura

d. ecchymosis

a. petechiae

25

When a reduction in the size or number of cells in an organ occurs, this results in:

a. aplasia

b. atrophy

c. hypoplasia

d. dysplasia

b. atrophy

26

When cells fail to develop and as a result the organ is small, the organ is considered:

a. hypoplastic

b. dysplastic

c. hyperplastic

d. anaplastic

a. hypoplastic

27

When increased function of an organ is required, the term _____ is used.

a. neoplastic

b. hypotrphy

c. hyperplasia

d. hypertrophy

d. hypertrophy

28

The proliferation of granulation tissue to repair an injury is an example of:

a. hypertrophy

b. anaplasia

c. hyperplasia

d. dysplasia

c. hyperplasia

29

The Latin word for "new growth" is:

a. tumor

b. seeding

c. neoplasia

d. ecchymosis

c. neoplasia

30

New growths that invade and destroy adjacent structures and have the ability to spread are considered:

a. neoplastic

b. benign

c. cachexia

d. malignant

d. malignant

31

A polyp is a:

a. projecting mass from an inner mucous membrane

b. malignant epithelia neoplasm

c. benign cartilaginous tumor

d. cancer

a. projecting mass from an inner mucous membrane

32

A malignancy of glandular tissue, such as breast or liver, is referred to as a(n):

a. adenoma

b. adenocarcinoma

c. cystadenoma

d. dysplasia

b. adenocarcinoma

33

The term derived from the Latin term for "crab" is:

a. benign

b. oncology

c. neoplasia

d. cancer

d. cancer

34

The study of neoplasms or tumors is called:

a. pathology

b. radiology

c. oncology

d. etiology

c. oncology

35

Tumors closely resembling their cells of origin in structure and function are called:

a. malignant

b. benign

c. cancerous

d. dysplasia

b. benign

36

When tumor cells flourish, causing the patient to become weak and emaciated, this condition is referred to as:

a. cachexia

b. petechiae

c. anorexia

d. anaplastic

a. cachexia

37

Benign epithelia neoplasms that grow in a glad like pattern are:

a. cystadenomas

b. adenocarcinomas

c. adenomas

d. fibromas

c. adenomas

38

Tumors that contain muscle cells are called:

a. myelomas

b. myomas

c. papilloma

d. hypertropic

b. myomas

39

Tumor cells of stratified squamous epithelium, which invade and destroy adjacent structures, make up

a. adenomas

b. sarcomas

c. cystadenomas

d. squamous cell carcinomas

d. squamous cell carcinoma

40

If a neoplastic grown proliferation without form, it is considered:

a. anaplastic

b. dysplastic

c. aplastic

d. hyperplastic

a. anaplastic

41

Diffuse spread of malignant neoplasms by invasion into a natural body cavity is called:

a. tumor grading

b. staging

c. seeding

d. lymphatic spread

c. seeding

42

The major metastatic route of carcinomas is:

a. lymphatic spread

b. undifferentiated spread

c. hematopoietic spread

d. hematogenous spread

a. lymphatic spread

43

To determine the most appropriate therapy, the disease process muse be:

a. seeded

b. staged

c. graded

d. phased

b. staged

44

Using a combination of cytotoxis substances to kill neoplastic cells is called:

a. radiation therapy

b. chemotherapy

c. hormonal therapy

d. seeding

b. chemotherapy

45

Assessing the aggressiveness or degree of malignancy is referred to as:

a. staging

b. grading

c. seeding

d. metastatic

b. grading

46

The most common hereditary abnormality is:

a. chromosomal aberration

b. enzyme deficiency

c. glycogen and lipid storage disease

d. sex-linked disorders

b. enzyme deficiency

47

Exposure to radiation, chemicals, or viruses may result in alteration in the DNA called:

a. mutations

b. reduced penetrance

c. variable expressivity

d. aberrations

a. mutations

48

A gene always producing an effect regardless of whether the person is homozygous or heterozygous is named a (an) _____ gene.

a. recessive

b. dominant

c. autosomal recessive

d. autosomal dominant

b. dominant

49

When a vaccine or toxoid is used to counteract an antigen, it is considered:

a. passive immunity

b. active immunity

c. community-acquired immunity

d. iatrogenic

b. active immunity

50

The body has the ability to combat antigens by forming _____ in the lymphoid tissue.

a. antibodies

b. toxins

c. immunoglobulins

d. A and C

d. A and C