fundamentals chapters 1-6

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1

what is the Globalization in Health Care

Changes in Society such as increased technology, new demographic patterns, health promotion, and the women's & human rights movements

2

what are the 3 components of a community?

Structure, population, and social system

3

What is the function of a case manager?

Delivering health care to an individual with an episode of illness through:

Continuum of care, assessment, plan of care, coordination of all services, referral and follow up.

4

What is the A.S. RN degree?

2 year program that focuses on the basic sciences, theoretical and clinical courses related to the practice of nursing

5

What is the B.S. RN degree?

4 year degree that is the same as the A.S. degree that also includes courses in social sciences, arts, and humanities to support the nursing theory

6

What is the Nursing Process?

Assessment

Diagnosis

Plan

Implementation

Evaluation

7

What is the responsibility of the RN with the QI committee?

Maintain competencies needed to continuously improve the quality of care in their work environments

8

What is Quality Improvement?

Use of data to monitor the outcomes of care processes and use improvement methods to improve the quality and safety of the health care system

9

What are the groups of the vulnerable population?

Immigrants, homeless, abused patients, substance abuse patients, mental illness, and the elderly

10

What is the Benner Order?

Novice

Advanced Beginner

Competent

Proficient

Expert

11

What is the role of a Community Based Nurse?

They are competent as a caregiver, collaborator, educator, counselor, change agent, patient advocate, case manager, and epidemiologist

12

What is PPS?

Payment mechanism for reimbursing hospitals for inpatient services

13

What is the primary goal of the QI committee?

To respond to reports about safety and quality patient care

14

What are DRG's?

Group of patients classified to establish a mechanism for health care reimbursement based of length of stay

15

What are the components of the QI committee?

Plan, Do, Study, Act

16

What are the 6 steps of EBP?

1. Ask a clinical question

2. Collect the best evidence

3. Critique

4. Integrate

5. Evaluate

6. Share outcomes

17

What does P.I.C.O stand for?

Patient population of Interest

Intervention of Interest

Comparison of Interest

Outcome

18

What is Qualitative Research?

Bases on something that is impossible to accurately and precisely measure

Subjective Date

19

What is Quantitative Research?

Offers precise measurement

numbers and precentages

20

How does EBP influence clinical decision making?

Provides a systemic approach to rational decision making

21

What are the benefits of EBP?

Results in higher quality of care that leads to improved patient outcomes

22

What is the definition of EBP?

To use the best current evidence with clinical expertise along with patient/family preferences and values for optimal health care

23

What are the 4 goals of Healthy People 2020?

1. Attain higher quality of life

2. Achieve health equity

3. Create good environments for all

4. Promote quality of Life

24

What is W.H.O?

World Health Organization

25

How does the WHO define "HEALTH"?

It is the state of complete physical, mental and social well-being

Not just the absence of disease or infirmity

26

what is the Health Belief Model?

Considers the relationship between a person's health beliefs and health behaviors

27

What is Health Promotion?

Highlights factors that increase individual well-being and self-actualization

28

What are the Basic Human Needs?

(Maslow)

Emphasizes on identifying individual needs, prioritizing needs, and encouraging individual discovery

29

What is the Holistic Health Model?

Promotes optimal health by getting patients to participate in improving their overall health

30

What are Health Beliefs and Practices?

Beliefs that are influenced by internal and external variables and should be considered when planning care

31

What are Internal Variables that influence health?

Developmental Status

Intelectual background

Perception of functioning

Emotional Factors

Spiritual Factors

32

What are External Variables that influence health?

Health beliefs and practices

Socioeconomic factors

Cultural background

33

What is Primary Prevention?

True prevention that lowers the chances a disease will develop

34

What is Secondary Prevention?

Focuses on those who have a disease or that are at risk to develop a disease

35

What is Tertiary Prevention?

Occurs when a defect or a disability is permanent or irreversible

36

What are the 4 risk factors r/t a disease or dysfunction?

G.A.E.L

Genetic and Physiological factors

Age

Environment

Lifestyle

37

What are the 5 stages of change?

P.C.P.A.M

Precontemplation

Contemplation

Preparation

Action

Maintenance