APUSH 1491-1860 Flashcards


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1

The approach of William Lloyd Garrison and the liberator can be seen as directly challenging the approach of

the American Colonization Society

2

Garrison's views would most likely get support from which of the following

John Quincy Adams

3

Which other group would agree with Garrison on the basic principles outlined in the passage

Native Americans

4

Which of following Amendments to the Constitution is most directly an example of the sentiments expressed above

The Twenty-first Amendment, which repealed the prohibition of alcohol

5

Which of the following best describes a contributing factor in the crafting of the US Constitution

The weaknesses of the AOC led James Madison to question their efficacy and prompted a formation of the Constitutional Congress in 1787

6

Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding the existence of political parties in the early US

After the drafting of the Constitution, continued debates about states' rights and competing economic interests led to the formation of political parties such as the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans

7

Dorothea Dix's testimony to the Massachusetts legislature reflects the influence of which of the following

The Second Great Awakening

8

Dorothea Dix's research and testimony is best understood in the context of

the rise of voluntary organizations to promote religious and secular reforms

9

The ideas expressed in the excerpt (Seneca Falls) most directly challenged the prevailing ideal in the early 19th century

women should focus on the home and the domestic sphere

10

Which of the following developments in the second half of the nineteenth century best represented the continuation of the ideas expressed in the declaration?

A movement focused on women's voting rights

11

Many supporters of the declaration in 1848 broke ranks with which of the following groups by the 1870's

Supporters of the 15th Amendment

12

The issue that precipitated the passage excerpted (Calhoun, SC Protest) was

the passage of an act creating higher tariff rates

13

The argument put forth by John C. Calhoun states a position in a debate that is most similar to which of the following debates from earlier in US history

The debate over replacing the AOC with the Constitution

14

The language of "protest" that Calhoun used in his "Exposition and Protest" was similar to the language of which of the following political positions

The response of New England Federalists to the War of 1812

15

The sentiments expressed in the excerpt by Abigail Adams best exemplify which of the following ideologies

Jeffersonian democracy

16

The sentiments expressed in the excerpt by Susan B. Anthony are most likely in support of

universal suffrage

17

Both Susan B. Anthony and Abigail Adams excerpts support which of the following conclusions

Women's rights movements flourished in response to inconsistent legislation and unequal distributions of power throughout the nation

18

Which of the following groups would most likely support Calhoun's views (healthy relationships between Africans and whites)

Southern landowners

19

Which of the following most directly undermines Calhoun's assertations

Many slaves engaged in forms of resistance to slavery

20

In the 1840's and 1850's, the views expressed by Calhoun most directly contributed to

increased sectional divisions between the North and the South

21

In his opinion on the case Dred Scott vs Sandford, Chief Justice Roger Taney upheld the sentiment above (slaveholders have decided advantage over opposition) by stating that

Congress had no right to regulate slavery in US territories

22

In what way did the actions of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 contradict Douglass;s sentiments

Lincoln favored the exclusion of slavery from any of the new territories

23

The excerpt from Douglass is most clearly an example of which of the following developments in the mid-19th century

Southern influence upon the federal government to defend the institution of slavery

24

Which of the following groups would be most likely to support the perspective of Douglass

Northern Republicans in the 1860's

25

Douglass was most influenced by which of the following social movements

Second Great Awakening

26

Supreme Court decisions concerning American Indian tribes in 1831 and 1832

denied them the right to sue in federal court but affirmed their rights to land that was traditionally theirs

27

Which of the following factors are most likely to have caused the migration in the map (Southeastern Indian lands)

Federal Executive branch mandates

28

Which event in Native American history is least similar to the migration depicted in the map above

King Philip's War

29

Which of the following is true of the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887

It was an attempt to assimilate Indians into American society through individual land grants

30

Which of the following best states the principle described above (The Great Nation of Futurity)

America's expansion to the West Coast was inevitable and divinely sanctioned

31

Between 1820 and 1854, the greatest number of immigrants to the US came from

Ireland

32

Which of the following best describes the effect of the American rail system in the 19th century

Government subsidy of the railroads enabled markets to expand and for production to become more efficient

33

Which of the following changes in westward migration is most likely to have occurred in the 1840's

The number of pioneers header for the Oregon territory decreased while the number headed for California greatly increased

34

By what means did the US take possession of the Oregon Territory

Great Britain ceded it to the US as part of a negotiated treaty

35

Which of the following presidents is most closely associated with the concept of Manifest Destiny

James K. Polk

36

Which of the following was an immediate consequence of the secession of South Carolina

Other Southern States seceded from the Union, forming the Confederacy

37

The sentiments above (SC reasons for secession) are most consistent with which of the following ideologies

States' Rights

38

In the excerpt (SC reasons for secession), the reference to "the sanctions of a more erroneous religious belief" most probably refers to

Christian abolitionist rejection of slavery on moral grounds

39

Which of the following best explains why South Carolina chose to secede from the Union in 1860

Lincoln's election on a Free Soil platform led Southern politicians to conclude that secession was necessary

40

A major weakness of the AOC was that they

made it too difficult for the government to raise money through taxes and duties

41

The most notable achievement of the US under the AOC was

the provision for land sales in the Northwest that would benefit the entire nation

42

The Sugar Act of 1764 represented a major shift in British policy toward the colonies in that, for the first time, the British

levied taxes aimed at raising revenue rather than regulating trade

43

In harmony with the excerpt sentiments (The Sugar Act), which of the following does not represent the views of Prime Minister Grenville after the French and Indian War

He wanted to reward the colonies through his extension of "salutary neglect"

44

The goals presented in the excerpt (Sugar Act) have the most in common with which of the following

Increasing federal income tax rates after World War 1

45

In the excerpt (Jackson: Veto of the US Bank), which quote best explains why Jackson chose to veto the re-charter of the Second Bank

"interests are identified with those of foreign stockholders"

46

Which of the following events most directly caused the formation of the Second Bank of the US

Unregulated currency and federal debts after the War of 1812

47

The debate over the First Bank was significant because it raised the issue of

how strictly the Constitution should be interpreted

48

The election of 1824 marked a turning point in presidential politics because, for the first time,

the system of choosing nominees by congressional caucus failed

49

John Taylor of Carolina was a Virginia senator who served in office from 1792 to 1824. He distrusted large banking institutions and generally defended the institution of slavery. He was once quoted as saying that "...if Congress could incorporate a bank, it might emancipate a slave." He is best catergorized as

a Jeffersonian Democrat

50

The Puritans believed that the freedom to practice religion should be extended to

Puritans only

51

Consistent with the excerpt (of Roger Williams), Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts Bay in 1636 for advocating

the separation of church and state

52

The First Great Awakening can be seen as a direct response to which of the following

The Enlightenment

53

Puritan emigration from England came to a near halt between the years 1649 and 1660 because, during that period,

the Puritans controlled the English government

54

Which of the following documents encouraged church membership in the Massachusetts Bay Colony

The Halfway Covenant

55

The image of President Jackson was a reaction by his opponents to all of the following EXCEPT

the appointment of Taney to be the Chief Justice in the Supreme Court

56

The political battle over the Bank of the United States resulted in which of the following

Became one of the reasons for the Panic of 1837