Surgical Technologist Certifying Exam Study Guide: AST Practice Exam #2 Flashcards
Which of the following is a type of tissue forceps?
Which endoscope is used to visualize the heart and major vessels?
The goal of the surgical scrub is lower the population of which flora to an irreducible minimum?
Which needle is used during the bladder suspension procedure for treating stress incontinence in women?
Which procedure can be performed without making an incision to treat varicose veins?
When repairing a direct hernia the surgeon works within the anatomical triangle formed by the inguinal ligament, inferior epigastric vessels and the lateral border of the rectus abdominis called:,
Which of the following is the correct postoperative sequence of actions completed by the surgical technologist?
1. Assist with postop patient care
2. Remove drapes
3. Remove gown and gloves
4. Break down sterile setup
2, 3, 1, 4
What should be completed before the sterile items are opened for the first procedure of the day?
Wipe down furniture and surfaces
Cardiac muscles are controlled by which division of the nervous system?
Oophor/o is the root word for which anatomical structure?
In which of the following would absorbable suture be contraindicated?
During a cesarean section which organ is freed from the uterus to prevent injury?,
Which of the following refers to the absence of pathogens?
Which surgical procedure would use the instrument shown below?
What must be done prior to positioning a patient undergoing a posterior lumbar laminectomy?
What is the name of the instrument shown below?
Which of the following damages the mastoid air cells and ossicles of the ear?
When placing a swaged needle onto a needle holder the needle should be clamped:,
One-third distance from swaged end of needle
Which endoscope is used for the removal of foreign bodies from the airway of a pediatric patient?
Which of the following elements primarily make up the body's mass?
Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen
Which instrument is used to contract the ribs for suturing purposes?
The largest muscle of the upper calf is the:
What is the length of time when thrombin loses its potency?
The function of the small intestine is:
Absorption of nutrients
The teeth are composed primarily of:
The basis for the design of electrical equipment in the OR is:
Which of the following procedures is performed to decrease gastric secretions?
A patient who underwent an appendectomy enters the emergency department with severe abdominal pain constipation and vomiting. Which of the following is occurring?,
Which organ shares the same blood supply with the pancreas and must be removed during a Whipple procedure?
During a cleft palate procedure which equipment should the surgical technologist be prepared to set up quickly?,
The muscle that flexes and supinates the forearm and covers the anterior portion of the upper arm is the:
A surgeon tells a patient she has terminal cancer but requires prophylactic surgery to prevent a bowel obstruction and the patient replies "This can't be happening to me." Which stage of grief is the patient displaying?,
What is the purpose of inserting a ureteral stent catheter?
Bypass calculi obstruction
Which of the following is used to create the trough on the anterior glenoid rim during a Bankart procedure?
Shaver with abrader tip
Which of the following secretes hydrochloric acid?
Which of the following preoperative diagnostic tests would be administered to a patient with a brain injury?
Which of the following is a type of fenestrated drape?
The walls of the vagina are lined with:
Which type of scalpel uses ultrasonic energy to cut and coagulate tissue?
A Fogarty catheter is used during a/an:
Which of the following positioning devices is needed when placing the patient in the supine position?
During a trabeculectomy which two layers are incised at the beginning of the procedure?,
Tenon's capsule & Conjunctiva;
What instrument set should the surgical technologist have available in the OR when preparing for an inguinal herniorraphy?
Which of the following is used to obtain specimens during a bronchoscopy?
Which suture material would be used in the presence of infection?
Which surgical procedure uses the instrument shown below?
Which surgical specialty most often uses the instrument shown below?
Which of the following hernias can result in necrosis of the viscera?
When the surgeon makes a McBurney's incision which muscle is encountered first and divided in he direction of its fibers?,
Which of the following maintains the position of the uterus?
Transverse colectomy is incised through which incision?
Which kind of uterine tissue can grow in abnormal locations including the ovaries pelvic peritoneum and small intestine?,
Which preoperative diagnostic exam is quickly completed to confirm ectopic pregnancy?
How would you position a patient with an intertrochanteric fracture?
What position allows optimal exposure of the retroperitoneal area of the flank?
Which of the following is the correct sequence of instruments for placing a screw into bone?
1. Depth Gauge
3. Screw Driver
Drill, Depth gauge, Tap, Screw driver
The removal of fibrous thickening of the visceral pleura is
The only depolarizing muscle relaxant in clinical use is:
What type of hernia involves a direct and indirect inguinal hernia?
How are the legs of the patient position for lateral position?
Lower leg flexed; upper leg straight
The neuroglia of the nervous system:
Support and bind
The method of inhalation anesthesia that allows complete re-breathing of expired gases is:
Which member of the surgical team is responsible for protecting an unsplinted fracture during positioning?
What personal protective equipment should the surgical technologist don prior to the start of an extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy procedure?
Another name for tonsil suction is:
Which muscles relax when a small pad is placed under a patient's head in the supine position?
When a medication or local anesthetic is passed to the surgeon the surgical technologist should:,
State the name and dosage of the medication
A type of bone-holding forceps is:
Which surgical procedure would use the instrument shown below?
Coronary artery by pass
According to OSHA standards protective eye wear of some form must be worn:,
On all cases
Which pathological condition of the small intestine could be misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis?
Which piece of equipment is required for administration of a Bier block?
Which subcategory of drug preparation is a combination of two liquids that cannot mix?
What is the average normal respiration rate for children?
18 to 30
The introduction of radiopaque contrast medium into an artery or vein is called a/an:
What anatomical structure must be approximated after a colectomy to prevent herniation of abdominal contents?
To prevent density instrument sets should not exceed:,
When surgically treating hydrocephalus where is the shunt placed?,
Which of the following is a type of uterine fibroid?
The ureters enter the bladder medially:
From the posterior aspect
The pathogen that most often causes postoperative surgical site infections is:
Which organ is the most frequently injured during a motor vehicle accident?
Where would the surgical technologist find pertinent information for "pulling" a case?
Suture material that becomes encapsulated by fibrous tissue during the healing stage is:
If a mentoplasty is being performed the surgical technologist should confirm a prosthesis is available for the:,
Which of the following means cell "eating"?
Which nerve could be damaged when the patient is placed in Fowler's position?
What is the correct order for donning OR attire?
Hair cover, Scrub suit, Mask, Shoe covers
The cranial nerve responsible for hearing and balance is the:
Which of the following is not a a hemostatic agent used in orthopedic surgery?
Which of the following is responsible for disseminated intravascular coagulation?
The copper wire in the electrosurgical unit that allows the flow of free electrons is called the:
At the end of a procedure the surgeon asks for the local anesthetic to inject intra-articular. Where is the surgeon injecting the local drug?,
Which preoperative diagnostic test is useful in diabetic patients with small vessel arterial disease?
Which of the following is the most effective method for sterilizing items that can be damaged by steam sterilization?
The mandible articulates with which bone?
What could result from crossing the patient's arms across his/her chest in the supine position?
Interference with respiration
Which of the following is incorrect when preparing a paper-plastic peel pack?
Instruments are held together with autoclave tape within the peel pack
Which of the following degrees in Celsius equals 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit
When the surgical technologist is preparing surgical instruments for transport to the decontamination room which statement is incorrect?,
Instruments with multiple parts should be assembled
If a short bone is being removed from the wrist due to arthritis what is being removed?,
Which of the following heals by contraction, granulation and connective tissue?
Before transporting instruments to the decontamination room what should the surgical technologist complete?,
Presoak instruments in detergent solution
Which solution is best for presoaking instruments in the OR at the end of a procedure?
A mesh that is contraindicated in the presence of infection is:
Which of the following provides additional protection to prevent contamination of a sterile package?
The stripes on a team chemical indicators change to what color upon exposure to sterilization parameters?
For which fracture is the instrument shown below best used?
During a kidney transplant the renal vein of the donor kidney is anastomosed to the:,
External iliac vein
Which procedure corrects testicular torsion?
Which instrument is used to incise the tympanic membrane?
An example of a nonadherent inner layer dressing is:
To prevent a cerebral aneurysm from rupturing the surgeon will:,
Apply a specially designed clip at base of aneurysm
The opthalmologist tells the surgical technologist to place 2 drops atropine sulfate OU. What does this mean?
Both eyes dilated
If a patient requests to see a member of the clergy upon arrival to preoperative holding:
Call for a clergy person before the anesthesia is administered
If cultures cannot be immediately transported from the surgery department to pathology they should be:,
Placed in a refrigerator
In terms of transmitting an infection what is a fomite?,
When positioning the patient for a cesarean section where is the bolster placed and why?,
Right side; relieve pressure on vena cava
The conducting fibers that extend from the AV node to the interventricular septum form the:
Bundle of His
Items that are impenetrable to X-rays are described as:
During surgical rotation the skills of a surgical technology student may be evaluated by the:,
Surgical technologist preceptor
During a TRAM procedure which is used to identify and preserve the superior epigastric arteries?,
Which of the following should be accomplished when preparing an Esmarch bandage for sterilization?
Layer of Webril rolled with bandage
Which of the following is the correct order of the layers of the colon?
4, 2, 3, 1
Air or fluid accumulation due to poorly approximated wound edges could result in:
What is the first step of opening a small sterile wrapped package when establishing the sterile field?,
Open first flaw away from self
Which surgical approach is often used for a craniotomy for aneurysm repair?
Which of the following forceps would be used during a splenectomy?
A blood pH of 7.5 indicates:
Which knife blade should be placed on the knife handle when preparing the Mayo stand for a knee arthroscopy?
What is the function of phagocytic white blood cells?
Engulf and destroy bacteria
A surgical technologist is talking with a patient in the PACU with arms folded and at a distance. This could be interpreted by the patient as:
Which of the following describes the action of histamine. (H2 blockers)?
Decrease gastric volume in the stomach
What decision should the OR team make when treating a minor who requires a blood transfusion but the family religion is Jehova's Witness?,
Do not give transfusion
What does 'x' equal in the proportion 3:5 = 9:x?
Which surgical procedure uses the instrument shown below?
During a suprapubic prostatectomy which needle holder may be used when reconstructing the bladder outlet?,
When performing a total knee arthroplasty the surgeon removes the osteophytes from the rim of the femur and tibia with a:,
Which suture technique provides an excellent cosmetic closure?
During a radical neck dissection with mandibulectomy which bone is harvested for the graft?,
To prevent charring of bone when it is being cut or drilled the surgical technologist should use:,
Pain heat, redness and swelling indicate which of the following conditions?,
Which clamp is most often used to grasp the appendix?
The inner lining of the uterus is the:
Which type of dressing washes or wears off after several days?
A patient requires a stat cesarean section. Which of the following might be omitted?
Which of the following is the first action to be taken following a needle stick?
Remove needle from the sterile field
Which of the following drapes is used for a thyroidectomy?
Testosterone is secreted by the:
When a surgeon is using a Kocher subcostal incision which muscle is divide by electrosurgery?,
What are the boundaries of the skin prep for a total hip arthroplasty?
Level of umbilicus to foot
Which of the following are abdominal skin prep perimeters for an exploratory laparotomy?
Nipple line to midthigh
Which of the following is the main reason for wearing the OR attire?
Limit spread of microbes
Which of the following substances are absorbed in the stomach?
A laparotomy drape is placed on the left side inguinal area of the patient but should have been placed on the right side. What should be done to correct the error?,
Remove drape and place new drape on right side
Which stapling device would be used during an esophagectomy to divide the esophagus?
Movement disorder diseases caused by radiation therapy are characterized by destruction of the:
During which procedure would a Gigli saw possibly be used?
A surgeon indicates that she may place a shunt during a carotid endarterectomy. What should the surgical technologist have available in the OR?
What is the best synthetic substitute for stainless steel?
Which of the following microorganisms is used within the biological indicator for ethylene oxide sterilization?
What does the suffix -itis mean?
To prevent peel pack pouches from opening during sterilization the surgical technologist should:,
Force out air from pouch
Retention bridges are used to:
Prevent heavy sutures from cutting into the skin
During a CABG procedure the saphenous vein is sutured to the:,
Which of the following would be used to remove the lamina during a laminectomy?
What category of instruments are a Hibbs and Hohmann?
Which drain should the surgical technologist have available for insertion into the common bile duct during an exploration?
A padded footboard is used in which surgical position?
The inner lining of the gastrointestinal tract is composed of which type of tissue?
Which of the following statements is incorrect when double peel packing an item(s) for sterilization?
Inner peel pack is folded
If a surgeon performs a surgical procedure without the patient having signed the consent form the surgeon can be charged with:,
Spores are a:
Form assumed by bacilli
Which of the following applies to a patient who suffers a burn due to improper placement of the patient return electrode?
Which graft material does not require pre-clotting for placement during an abdominal aortic anerysmectomy?