HESI A2 A&P Flashcards
Which of the following structures has the lowest blood pressure?
Which of the heart chambers is the most muscular?
Which part of the brain interprets sensory information?
Which of the following proteins is produced by cartilage?
Which component of the nervous system is responsible for lowering the heart rate?
parasympathetic nervous system
Which type of substance breaks down to form urea?
What is the name of a joint that can only move in two directions?
Which of the following muscle types are the filaments arranged in a disorderly manner?
How much air does an adult inhale in an average breath?
Which type of cell secretes antibodies?
Which force motivates filtration in the kidneys?
Which of the following hormones decreases the concentration of blood glucose?
Which structure controls the hormones secreted by the pituitary glad?
How much of a females blood vol is composed of RBC's?
Which type of cholesterol is considered to be best for health?
Where are the vocal cords located?
Where does gas exchange occur in the human body?
Which structure of the nervous system carries action potential in the direction of a synapse?
Where is the parathyroid gland located?
What is the name of the process in the lungs by which oxygen is transported from the air to the blood?
What are the two types of cellular transport?
active and passive
How many basic tissue types does a human have?
Which of the following is not a type of muscle tissue?
Which of the following organ systems has the purpose of producing movement through contraction?
Which of the following terms means toward the front of the body?
The brain is part of the ____ system?
Which of the following is the name for the study of the structure and shape of the human body?
Which of the following is the name for the study of how parts of the body functions?
Which of the below is the best definition for the term circulation?
the transport of oxygen and other nutrients to the tissues via the cardiovascular system
Which of the following is not a type of CT?
How many organ systems are in the human body?
Which organ system includes the spleen?
Which of the following terms means close to the trunk?
Which of the following does the integumentary system, the skin NOT do?
return fluid to the blood vessels
What does the term optic refer to?
the eye or vision
What are groups of cells that perform the same function called?
When does the nuclear division of somatic cells take place during cellular reproduction?
Which group of major parts and organs make up the immune system?
lymphatic system, spleen, tonsils, thymus, and bone marrow
What are the role of ribosomes?
Which of the following is an example of a tissue?
the adrenal glands are part of the _____ system?
hemoglobin transports oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body, making oxygen available for cell use, what is hemoglobin?
Which of the following statements describes the function of smooth muscle tissue/
it contracts to assist the stomach in the mechanical breakdown of food
Which of the following is not a product of respiration?
Of the following the blood vessel containing the least oxygenated blood is?
the pulmonary artery
Which structure in the brain is responsible for carousel and maintenance of consciousness?
reticular activating system
The triceps reflex _____.
force contraction of the triceps and extension of the arm
Which cranial nerve is responsible for hearing and balance?
Which gland is responsible for the regulation of calcium levels?
Which hormone is predominately produced during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle?
The pancreas secrets what hormone in response to low glucose levels?
Which layer of the heart contains striated muscle fibers for contraction of the heart?
What part of the cardiac conduction system is the most distal from the initial impulse generation and actually conducts the charge throughout the heart tissue?
Which blood vessel carries oxygenated blood back to the heart?
Which granulocyte is most likely to be elevated during an allergic reaction?
Which vit is essential for proper formation of clotting factors?
afferent lymph vessel carry lymph _____?
toward the lymph node
cricoid cartilage is found on the ____?
Which of the following is not found in the mediastinum?
What is the proper order of the divisions of the small intestine as food passes through the gastrointestinal tract?
duodenum, ileum, jejunum
The primary function of gastrin is to _____?
stimulate secretion of gastric enzymes and motility of the stomach
the majority of nutrient absorption occurs in the ____?
What is the approximate average bladder capacity in an adult?
Which hormone regulates the amount of urine output?
Where is the interstitial fluid found?
in tissues around the cells
What lab values would you expect to see in a patient with respiratory acidosis?
increased PaCO2 and decreased pH
Which range represents the normal pH of the body fluids:
What testicular cells secrete testosterone?
Where does fertilization of an egg by a sperm occur?
Which cells are found in the skin and assist in boosting immune function?
How does the endocrine sytem work with the reproductive system?
the endocrine system produces chemicals that regulate sexual funtion
What hormone controls mood, sleep, and appetite?
which lobe of the brain is most posterior?
Which of the following is an HDL cholesterol level that might warrant regular testing?
How does a transverse section divide the body?
into upper and lower regions
What is the function of amylase/
breaking down starch
The spleen is part of the ____ system?
Which mineral is important for the formation of red blood cells/
the dorsal body cavity is ____ to the ventral body cavity?
Which organ system is primarily responsible for preventing water loss/
Which is an anterior feature of the human head?
What is the primary hormone secreted by the thyroid ?
enlargement of the thyroid commonly know as a goiter, might be expected to affect ____.
What kind of muscles are involved in peristalsis?
why might certain young people be underweight?
They are growing in height faster than they are gaining weight
What might an injury to the parietal lobe affect?
How does the digestive system work with the urinary system?
the urinary system eliminates some waste products of digestion
Which gland is located superior to the kidney?
to what two systems might the urethra belong?
urinary and reproductive
the axial skeletal system contains all these except _____ .
Which is an anterior muscle?
how might a headrest on a car prevent traumatic injury?
by limiting the hyperextension of the neck
Which might you see in a whiplash injury?
traumatic injury to ligaments
muscle contractions that normally move food along the human digestive system are known as ?
Which type of nutrient does NOT provide the body with energy?
Where would you be likely to find a Schwann cell?
How does the nervous system work with the muscular system?
The nervous system tells the muscles how to respond to the environment
Which part of the nervous system includes the femoral radial and ulnar nerves?
Where might be a herniated lumbar disc be most likely to create pain?
along the sciatic nerve
What is the name of the bone in the human thigh?
The ovaries are part of the ___?
Of the following processes which one is a different level of defense from the others?
body cells recognize a pathogen
Which organ system is primarily responsible for regulating muscle growth?
Which part of the heart is separated by the Mitral valve ?
Left atrium and Left ventricle
How might Vit D deficiency present?
as crooked bones
How does the lymphatic system work with the circulatory system?
lymph draws excess fluid from the cells and deposits it into the blood vessels
What is the primary function of the parathyroid hormone?
activiating vit D
which feature of the ear is most medial/
Which of the following is considered normal values for the measure of a persons pulse and blood pressure?
72 bpm and 120/80 mmHg
How does a sagittal section divide the body?
into right and left regions
The gall bladder is part of the ____ system.
Which is NOT an example of a nonspecific immune response?
production of antibodies
Which organ system is primarily responsible for regulating electrolytes?
What is the function of the coronary artery?
it supplies blood to the heart muscle
what condition might result from lack of Vit C?
How does the muscular system work with the skeletal system/
muscles attached to tendons contract to bend the skeleton at the joints
What is not produced by the pituitary gland?
the ribs are ___ to the lungs in the human body?
What is the normal pH of the human arterial blood?
Which cut is considered a cross section?
cut through the transverse plane
The corpus callous facilitates communication between the ?
left and right brain
how does the integumentary system work with the nervous system?
touch input via the integumentary system sends messages to the nervous system
When the pulmonary valve and aortic valves open where can blood flow?
between the heart and the rest of the body
Which might be a result of a stenosis, or narrowing of a heart valve?
irregular heart beat
The human skull contains about how many bones?
the arteries are part of ____ system?
Which is a secondary defense for the body against pathogens?
Which organ system is primarily responsible for storing minerals?
The vena cavae drains blood from the body into the ____.
Beriberi is a disease caused by the lack of ____ .
How is pepsin used in the body?
to break down proteins
The esophagus is part of the _____ system?
Which supports the function of the thyroid?
the cheekbones are ____ to the nose.
Which organ system is primarily responsible for generating antibodies?
The lateral side of the right knee would be ____.
farthest from the left knee
In which part of the lungs do nearly all the gaseous exchanges between air and blood take place?
how do the intercostal muscles between the ribs assist with respiration?
by enlarging and reducing the space in the thorax
In which organ do muscles push food into the stomach via peristalsis?
For the average person what is true about caloric intake?
it should decline with are after age 25
Which enzyme functions to break down a specific sugar?
the hypothalamus is part of the ____ system?
Which mineral helps to maintain fluid balance in the body?
The skull is ____ to the spinal cord?
Which organ system is primarily responsible for integrating voluntary movements?
What is the name of the structure that prevents food from entering the airway?
Which substance makes up the pads that provide support between the vertebrae?
How many different types of tissue are there in the human body?
What is the name of the outermost layer of skin?
Which hormone stimulates milk production in the breasts during lactation?