Psychology 101 quiz 2

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1

After hearing the sound of an ambulance, you may be momentarily predisposed to interpret a friend's brief coughing spell as a symptom of serious illness. This best illustrates the impact of

A. automatic processing

B. the serial position effect.

C. priming

D. explicit memories

C.

2

Encoding that requires attention and conscious awareness and conscious awareness is called

A. shallow processing.

B. effortful processing.

C. recognition.

D. the spacing effect.

B.

3

The inability to remember whose face appears on a five dollar bill is most likely due to a failure in

A. retrieval

B. sensory memory

C. encoding

D. implicit memory

C.

4

Eyewitnesses to a crime often recall the details of the crime most accurately when they return to the sense of the crime. This best illustrates

A. the serial position effect.

B. implicit memory.

C. state-dependent memory.

D. context-dependent memory.

D.

5

Proactive interference refers to the

A. blocking of painful memories from conscious awareness

B. incorporation of misleading information into one's memory of an event

C. disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of previously learned information

D. disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information

D.

6

the tendency to recall the first and last items in a list better than middle itmes is known as

A. the serial position effect.

B. implicit memory.

C. priming.

D. state-dependent memory

A.

7

Forming many associations between new course material and what you already know is effective way to build a network of

A. retrieval cues

B. sensory memories

C. implicit memories.

D. short term memories.

A.

8

The process of getting information out of memory is called

A. encoding

B. relearning

C. retrieval

D. rehearsal

C.

9

Which type of memory has an essentially limitless capacity?

A. working memory

B. short-term memory

C. long-term memory

D. procedural memory

C.

10

Echoic memory refers to

A. the encoded meanings of words and events in long-term memory

B. a vivid memory of an emotionally significant event

C. the automatic retention of incidental information about the timing and frequency of events.

D. a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli

D.

11

An inability to retrieve information learned in the past is called

A. source amnesia

B. Anterograde amnesia

C. proactive interference

D. retrograde amnesia

D.

12

Which neural center in the limbic system helps process explicit memories for storage

A. hypothalamus

B. basal ganglia

C. cerebellum

D. hippocampus

D.

13

The persistence of learning over time most clearly depends on

A. chunking.

B. shallow processing

C. visual encoding

D. memory

D.

14

Procedural memories for well-learned skills such as how to ride a bike are typically ____ memories.

A. working

B implicit

C. sensory

D. explicit

B.

15

Explicit memory is also known as

A. procedural memory.

B. working memory.

C. declarative memory.

D. iconic memory

C.

16

Which part of the brain plays a key role in forming and storing the implicit memories created by classical conditioning?

A. hippocampus

B. cerebellum

C. hypothalamus

D. amygdala

B.

17

The process of encoding refers to

A. the persistence of leaning over time

B. the recall of information previously learned

C. getting information into memory.

D. a clear memory of an emotionally significant event.

C.

18

The increase in synaptic firing potential that contributes to memory formtaion is known as

A. priming

B. automatic processing.

C. long-term potentiation.

D. the serial position effect.

C

19

a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli is called _____ memory.

A. echoic

B. short-term

C. iconic

D. explicit

C.

20

A mnemonic is a

A. sensory memory

B. test or measure of memory

C. long-term memory

D. memory aid

D.