The Nervous System V Flashcards


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created 7 years ago by Nathan_Hibbeler
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BIO 201 A&P
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biology
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1

Postganglionic parasympathetic neurotransmitter

Acetylcholine

2

Postganglionic sympathetic to sweat glands neurotransmitter

Acetylcholine

3

Most postganglionic sympathetic neurotransmitter

Norepinephrine

4

Preganglionic sympathetic neurotransmitter

Acetylcholine

5

Preganglionic parasympathetic neurotransmitter

Acetylcholine

6

The only sympathetic preganglionic neuron to go directly to an organ is one branch of the ________ splanchnic nerve.

greater

7

The ________ division alone stimulates the lens of the eye.

parasympathetic

8

The _______ receptor type is used by the heart, and when activated increases heart rate.

beta-one

9

The two cholinergic receptor types are ______ and _______ .

nicotinic, muscarinic

10

The sympathetic division is referred to as the _________ system.

fight-or-flight

11

Sweat glands are innervated by the _______ fibers alone.

sympathetic

12

The parasympathetic division uses only ________ as a neurotransmitter in the ganglionic neurons.

acetylcholine

13

The _________ division causes erection of the penis and clitoris.

parasympathetic

14

Ganglionic neurons must pass through ______ raums communicantes if they exit the ventral ramus.

gray

15

Pain from the diaphragm will be referred to the anterior cutaneous area of the _____ .

neck

16

The ________ reflex centers occur in the spinal cord, medulla, and midbrain.

autonomic

17

Alpha-adrenergic effects are usually _______ and ________ .

stimulatory, mediatory

18

The craniosacral division is the same as the __________ division

parasympathetic

19

Body organs are __________- by both the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the nervous system.

dually innervated

20

The structures that specifically exhibit vasomotor tone are mostly under ________ control.

sympathetic

21

Most blood vessels are innervated by the sympathetic division alone.

sympathetic

22

The ________is composed of collateral ganglia.

chain synapses

23

The parasympathetic division is a branch of the ________ nervous system.

autonomic

24

The___________ is primarily associated with the sympathetic division.

celiac ganglion

25

Events recorded in a lie detector examination are controlled by the ________ division.

sympathetic

26

Norepinephrine-releasing fibers are called _________ fibers.

adrenergic