Med-Term Flashcards


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1

Comedo

The sebum plug (blackhead) characteristic of acne is

2

cardio

An electro______gram is a record of the electrical conduction of the heart

3

-pathy

Means disease condition

4

epiglottis

The lidlike piece of cartilage covering the larynx is

5

Arthroplasty

Surgical repair of a joint is

6

Retina

Refraction refers to the bending of light rays to bring the rays into focus on the

7

Prefix

Epi- is a

8

Gastrectomy, gastro/o, -ectomy

_______ means removal of the stomach. The term is composed of the combining form _____ and the suffix ______.

9

System

A group of organs that work together to perform related functions is classified as a body

10

superior

The diaphragm lies ______ to the stomach.

11

ptosis

Blepharo____ is drooping of the eyelid.

12

Mocous

The term that means pertaining to mucus

13

The bones beyond (distal to) the carpals are the _____carpals

meta

14

Mrs. Farrell's system-paroxysmal dysapnea, wheezing, coughing- are indicators of

asthma

15

The space between defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin is

Pleural Cavity

16

An inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin is

Thalassemia

17

WBC is the abbreviation for

white blood cell count

18

_____ectomy means the removal of the thymus gland

Thym

19

The combining form lymph/o means

Lymph

20

____ectomy is the removal of a bone of the hindfoot (ankle bone)

Tars

21

SLE is the abbreviation for

Systemic lupus erythematosus

22

Yellow marrow is composed chiefly of

Fat

23

Hair turns gray when the body stops producing

melanin

24

The outermost layer of epidermis is the

stratum corneum

25

Hypo, prefix

____ dermic means below the skin; the word part you choose is a _____.

26

____ itis is inflammation of a gland

Aden

27

ventral

The thoracic, and abdominal pelvic cavities are the _____ cavities.

28

Mrs. Luce begins ambulating with assistance on her first postoperative day. On the fourth postoperative day, she experiences an acute onset of dyspnea, tachypnea, persistance cough with hemoptysis, and pleuritic pain. Mrs. Luce's systomps include

rapid and shallow breathing, difficult breathing, spitting up of blood

29

A person with Type O blood is

universal donor

30

Slpenectomy

The correct term for removal of the spleen

31

The C in "ABCDE" stands for

color

32

The part of the eye commonly called the blind spot because it has no light receptor cells

optic disk

33

____ means inflammation of the joints and is composed of the combining form ____ and the suffix ____.

Arthritis, arthr/o, -itis

34

Lumbo ____ means pertaining to the lower back and sacrum

sacral

35

Umbilical means pertaining to the

navel

36

______ means nearest the point of reference. Its opposite direction is ______.

Proximal, distal

37

opsy

removal and reviewing of living tissue form the body is a bi_____.

38

a

A temporary absence of breathing is __pnea.

39

Ante-

Which prefix combines with flexion means forward curvature of a part or organ

40

Pleural effusion

fluid accumulation in the pleural space due to infection, malignancy, or trauma is called

41

Pharynx

The laryngopharynx is a subdivision

42

Pulmonary angiogram

-ray of arteries and veins in the lung after injection of dye into a blood vessel is called

43

clotting proteins and cells

Serum is plasma minus

44

AB

Which blood type contains no antibodies

45

The virus that causes AIDS

HIV

46

Lymphedema

The collection of interstitial fluid within the spaces between cells due to obstruction of lymph vessels and nodes

47

Thymus gland

The organ that is the site for production and maturation of one type of lymphocyte is

48

Arthro

_____ plasty means surgical repair of a joint

49

The process of recording the strength of muscle contraction as the muscle is stimulated is ______graphy

electromyo

50

Third-degree burn

A full-thickness burn injury is also called

51

Scabies

______ is a contagious parasitic infection of skin with intense pruritus

52

Mary increased her susceptibility to malignant melanoma

overexposing her skin to the sun

53

stomach

gastritis is inflammation of

54

Hepatitis is inflammation of

Liver

55

Cephalo____ means from the head to the feet

caudal

56

spinal

the _____ body cavity is where the nerves of the spinal cord are located

57

cerebrum

the largest and uppermost section of the brain is

58

damage to the heart valves produces lesions called ______ that can break off into the blood stream as _______, material that travels through the blood

vegetation, emboli

59

DOE is the abbreviation for

Dydspnea on exertion

60

Surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the pleural cavity is

Thoracentesis

61

Red blood count

RBC is the abbreviation for

62

______megaly is enlargement of the spleen

Spleno

63

A cracklike sore is termed an

Fissure

64

Macule

A freckle is an example of an

65

Auricle

Flap of the ear is called

66

The ear structure that provided an equalization of air pressure between the middle ear and external atmospheric pressure is

eustachian tube

67

The tough outer membrane covering the eyeball that helps to maintain the size of the eyeball and attaches to the muscles that moves the eye is

Sclera

68

prefix

A ____ is attached to the beginning of a word root to modify its meaning

69

o

Most often the combining vowel is the letter _____.

70

A ____ type is a picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell

karyo

71

_____ means to the front. Its opposite direction is ____.

ventral, dorsal

72

Similar cells working together to do a specific job are

Tissues

73

Cervical means pertaining to the ____.

neck

74

genesis

Carcino_____ means producing or forming cancer.

75

Osteo___ is softening of bones

malacia

76

mastectomy

what is the term for removal of breast tissue

77

A ____glossectomy means the surgical removal of half of the tongue.

hemi

78

large, micro-

The prefix macro- means ______; the opposite pf macro- is______.

79

The central portion or area of the chest that separated the lungs is called

mediastinum

80

The function of the thyroid cartliage (Adam's apple) is

provide support for the larynx

81

The pharyngeal tonsils are also called

Adenoids

82

Upper respiratory infection

URI is the abbreviation for

83

_____anemia is a genetic disorder characterized by production of abnormal hemoglobin (HbS)

Sickle cell

84

CLL is the abbreviation for

chronic lymphocytic leukemia

85

The blood protein in RBC's that enables the RBCs to carry oxygen is

Hemoglobin

86

Plasma

The liquid portion of blood

87

A

Which blood type contains only anti-B antibodies

88

Inguinal nodes

A collection of stationary lymph tissue in the groin region is known as

89

KS is the abbreviation for

Kaposi sarcoma

90

Thymus

The organ located in the upper mediastinum that plays an important role in immunity, especially during fetal life and the early years of growth is

91

The organ near the stomach that produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells is

Spleen

92

ad

movement of the arm toward the midline of the body is called ___duction.

93

RA is the abbreviation for

Rheumatiod arthritis

94

Surgical puncture of a joint is called

arthrocentesis

95

The upper part of the pelvic bone is

Illium

96

A hair-containing cyst found in the sacral region of the back is called a _____cyst.

pilonidal

97

vesicle

another term for blister

98

Hepatoma

A tumor of the liver is called

99

Vitiligo

_______ is pigmentation loss in areas of the skin

100

Intestine

Enteritis is inflammation of the