pharmacology suffix and prefix Flashcards


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created 12 years ago by andykew
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1

-afil

phosphodiesterase inhibitor

2

-bicin

antineoplastic

3

-bital

barbituate (sedative)

4

-caine

local anesthetic

5

cef, ceph-

cephalosporin antibiotic

6

-cillin

penicillin antibiotic

7

-cort-

corticosteroid

8

-cycline

tetracycline antibiotic

9

-dazole

anthelmintic; antibiotic; antibacterial

10

-dipine

calcium channel blocker

11

-dronate

biphosphonate, bone resorption inhibitor

12

-eprazole

proton pump inhibitor

13

-fenac

NSAID

14

-floxacin

quinolone antibiotic

15

-gliptin

antidiabetic; inhibitor of the DPP-4 enzyme

16

-glitazone

antidiabetic; thiazolidinedione

17

-iramine

antihistamine

18

-lamide

carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

19

-limus

immunosuppressant

20

-mab

monoclonal antibody

21

-mustine

alkylating agent (antineoplastic)

22

-mycin

antibiotic, antibacterial

23

-nacin

antimuscarinic (anticholinergic

24

-nazole

antifungal

25

-nib

antineoplastic

26

-olol

beta blocker

27

-olone

corticosteroid

28

-olone

anabolic steroid

29

-onide

corticosteroid

30

-oprazole

proton pump inhibitor

31

-parin-, -parin

antithrombotic, anticoagulant (blood thinner)

32

-phylline

xanthine derivative (bronchodilator)

33

-pramine

tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

34

-pred-, pred-

corticosteroid

35

-pril

ACE inhibitor

36

-profen

NSAID

37

-sartan

angiotensin II receptor antagonist; ARB

38

-semide

loop diuretic (water pill)

39

-setron

serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist
antiemetic and antinauseant

40

-sone

corticosteroid

41

-statin

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; statins

42

sulfa-

antibiotic; anti-infective; anti-inflammatory

43

-tadine

antihistamine
antiviral, anti-influenza-A

44

-terol

beta agonist, bronchodilator

45

-thiazide

thiazide diuretic (water pill)

46

-trel

female hormone (progestin)

47

-tretin-, -tretin

retinoid, dermatological agent, form of Vitamin A

48

-triptan

antimigraine, selective 5 HT receptor agonist

49

-tyline

tricyclic antidepressant

50

-vir-, -vir

antiviral, anti-HIV, anti-hepatitis

51

-vir

anti-herpes, anti-CMV, anti-flu

52

-vudine

antiviral, nucleoside analogues

53

-zepam, -zolam

benzodiazepine

54

-zosin

alpha blocker