BIO 202/ PHYSIOLOGY: RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Flashcards


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created 8 years ago by leaholson76
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RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Subjects:
physiology, nursing
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1

WHERE ARE THE EXTERNAL NARES LOCATED

LEFT/RIGHT FRONT ENTRANCES TO THE NASAL CAVITY

SEPARATED BY NASAL SEPTUM

2

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE NASAL CAVITY

TO FILTER, HUMIDIFY, & WARMS AIR

3

WHAT ARE THE NASAL CONCHAE

WHAT DO THEY DO

THERE IS AN SUPERIOR, MIDDLE AND INFERIOR NASAL CONCHAE ON EACH SIDE OF THE NASAL SEPTUM.

REMEMBER RIGHT/LEFT ON LAB EXAM

INCREASE SURFACE AREA IN NASAL CAVITY

4

LIST THE PARANASAL SINUSES (4)

RIGHT/LEFT FRONTAL SINUSES

RIGHT/LEFT SPHENOIDAL

RIGHT/LEFT MAXILLARY

ETHMOID SINUSES

5

DESCRIBE THE RANGE OF THE NASOPHARYNX

FROM THE INTERNAL NARES TO THE UVULA

6

DESCRIBE THE RANGE OF THE OROPHARYNX

FROM THE UVULA TO THE HYOID BONE

7

DESCRIBE THE RANGE OF THE LARYNGOPHARYNX

FROM THE HYOID BONE TO THE LARYNX

8

WHERE DO THE SINUSES OF THE HEAD DRAIN INTO

THE NASAL CAVITY

9

EPISTAXIS

NOSE BLEED

10

RHINITIS

RUNNY NOSE

11

RHINOPLASTY

PLASTIC SURGERY FOR NOSE

12

DESCRIBE WHERE YOUR PHARYNX IS

FROM INTERNAL NARES TO CRICOID CARTILAGE

13

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE LARYNX

PATENT AIRWAY

14

WHAT MAKES UP THE LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT

TRACHEA

BRONCHI

BRONCHIOLE

LUNGS

15

WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

1. GAS EXCHANGE

2. MAINTAIN/REGULATE BLOOD pH

16

WHAT IS THE CARINA

WHERE THE TRACHEA BIFURCATES (SPLITS IN TWO) TO THE L/R PRIMARY BRONCHI

17

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE TRACHEALIS MUSCLE

GIVES AN EXTRA 'GIVE' IN CASE A LARGE PARTICLE OF FOOD NEEDS ROOM TO GO DOWN ESOPHAGUS

18

AS YOU GO DEEPER INTO BRONCHIAL TREE, WHAT IS THERE LESS OF

CARTILAGE

19

AS YOU GO DEEPER INTO BRONCHIAL TREE, WHAT IS THERE MORE OF

SMOOTH MUSCLE AND ELASTIC C.T.

20

3 LOBED LUNG

RIGHT LUNG

21

2 LOBED LUNG

LEFT LUNG

22

WHAT SUPPLIES THE BRONCHIAL TREES?

BRONCHIAL ARTERIES

23

WHERE DO BRONCHIAL ARTERIES COME FROM

BRANCH OFF OF THORACIC AORTA

24

WHAT CAUSES BRONCHCONSTRICTION

CONSTRICTION OF DIAPHRAGM FROM STIMULATION OF PARASYMPATHETIC DIVISION

25

WHAT CAUSES BRONCHODILATION

DILATION OF DIAPHRAGM FROM STIMULATION OF SYMPATHETIC DIVISION

26

WHAT KIND OF RECEPTORS AND HM FOR SYMPATHETIC DIVISION

BETA 2 RECEPTORS & NE

27

WHAT KIND OF RECEPTORS AND HM FOR PARASYMPATHETIC DIVISION

ALPHA 1 RECEPTORS & ACh

28

WHAT CAUSES NARROWING OF THE BRONCHIOLES

BRONCHOCONSTRICTION

OBSTRUCTION = INFLAMMATION/CISTIC FIBROSIS

29

BREAKDOWN OF BRONCHUS -> ALVEOLUS PATHWAY

PRIMARY BRONCHUS---------> TERMINAL BRONCHIOLE-> RESPIRATORY BRONCHIOLE->ALVEOLAR DUCT-> ALVEOLAR SAC-> ALVEOLUS

30

CELLS THAT SECRETE SURFACANT

TYPE 2 ALVEOLAR CELLS

31

SURFACE AREA CELLS

TYPE 1 ALVEOLAR CELLS

32

FOUR LAYERS OF RESPIRATORY TISSUE

1. ALVEOLAR WALL

2. BASEMENT MEMBRANE OF ALVEOLUS

3. BASEMENT MEMBRANE OF CAPILLARY

4. CAPILLARY WALL

33

WHAT IS THE PULMONARY VESSEL'S RESPONSE TO HYPOXIA

VASOCONSTRICTION

34

WHAT IS THE BODY'S (SYSTEMIC) RESPONSE TO HYPOXIA

VASODILATION

35

WHAT DOES TOO MUCH VASOCONSTRICTION OF THE PULMONARY VESSELS CAUSE

RIGHT SIDED HF

36

WHERE IS THE APEX OF THE LUNG

SUPERIOR TO CLAVICLES

37

WHAT INNERVATES THE DIAPHRAGM

LEFT/RIGHT PHRENIC NERVES

38

DESCRIBE THE ORDER OF THE PLEURA

PARIETAL PLEURA->PLEURAL CAVITY->VISCERAL PLEURA

39

NOT ENOUGH FLUID IN PLEURAL CAVITY

PLEURAL FRICTION RUB

40

TOO MUCH FLUID IN PLEURAL CAVITY

PLEURAL EFFUSION

41

THORACENTESIS

REMOVAL OF FLUID FROM PLEURAL CAVITY

42

PNUEMOTHORAX

AIR IN PLEURAL CAVITY

43

HEMOTHORAX

BLOOD IN PLEURAL CAVITY

44

RDS

RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME

IN BABIES (TYPE 2 CELLS CAN'T SECRETE SURFACTANT)

45

PULMONARY VENTILAHTION

"BREATHING"

46

ALVEOLAR GAS EXCHANGE

GAS EXCHANGE AT RESPIRATORY MEMBRANE (EXTERNAL RESPIRATION)

47

SYSTEMIC GAS EXCHANGE

GAS EXCHANGE BETWEEN SYSTEMIC CAPILLARIES AND IF AND CELLS (INTERNAL RESPIRATION)