Campbell Biology: Chapter 6 Test Prep Flashcards


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Campbell Biology
Chapter 6
Chapter 6
Grade levels:
College: Second year
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1

Essential Features Common to all cells

  • Plasma membrane
  • Region containing DNA
  • Cystosol
2

Flagella

Used to to help cell swim also sensory organelle sensitive to chemicals and temperatures outside of cell. (Prokaryotic)

3

Fimbriae

Used for attachment to different surfaces. (Prokaryotic)

4

Nucleiod

region where cell's DNA is located. (Prokaryotic)

5

Electron Microscope

Focus on beam of electrons through the specimen or onto its surface.

6

Ribosomes

complexes that synthesizes proteins (series of chemical reactions)

7

Plasma Membrane

enclosing the cytoplasm, acts as a selective barrier that allows passage of enough oxygen, nutrients, and waste to service the entire cell.

8

Cytoplasm

Jelly-like fluid that fills up the cell. made up of mostly salt and water. holds all of the cells internal parts together.

9

Capsule

Jelly-like outer coating of many prokaryotes. protects cell from engulfment.

10

Chromosomes

carries genes in the form of DNA.

11

Prokaryotic Cell

Lacking a true nucleus and the other membrane- enclosed organelles of the eukaryotic cell.

12

Nucleus

Contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell.

13

Some genes are located in _______ and _______.

Mitochondria and chloroplast.

14

Not in all animal cells:

Chloroplast

Cell wall

Central Vacuole

Plasmodesmata

Tonoplast

15

Nuclear lamina

Protein network that underlies in the evolope (makes the nucleus tough).