DeadDying Flashcards


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1

For a medical imaging department manager, reasonable efforts to improve human diversity in the department would include all of the following EXCEPT

multilingual signage throughout the department.

requiring staff to attend diversity in-services.

participating in an effective resource pool of interpreters.

requiring all department employees to speak a second language.

requiring all department employees to speak a second language.

2

What attribute of life may be judged by the decisions a person makes regarding actions and responses to others and the environment?

The beginning of life

The goodness of life

The end of life

The afterlife

The goodness of life

3

All of the following are considered cultures EXCEPT

Hmong.

Native American.

Slovakian.

Floridian.

Floridian

4

The irrational fear of a homosexual person’s sexual orientation is referred to as

heterosexuality.

unisexuality.

homophobia.

homogeneosity.

homophobia

5

Living wills:

generally apply only in cases of terminal illness.

must be executed in the same manner as a last will and testament.

always permit the withholding of nutrition and hydration to avoid prolonging life.

all of the above.

generally apply only in cases of terminal illness.

6

Quality-of-life issues for imaging patients do not involve:

patient rights.

ethical dilemmas.

death and dying.

rights of the imaging professional.

rights of the imaging professional.

7

The act of knowingly ending one’s own life is:

passive suicide.

euthanasia.

active suicide.

a and c.

a and c.

8

A native-born Latino individual who has moved to the United States and successfully blended into local community activities, such as work, church, school, and volunteering, without losing his native culture demonstrates

identity.

biculturalism.

assimilation.

ethnocentrism.

biculturalism

9

Valuable traits of the U.S. mainstream culture include which of the following?
1. Strong work ethic
2. Efficiency
3. Travel and mobility
4. Tolerance and patience
5. Individualism
6. Capitalism
7. Competition

1, 2, 4, and 6 only

1, 3, 4, 5, and 7 only

1, 2, 5, and 7 only

2, 4, 5, 6, and 7 only

1, 2, 5, and 7 only

10

It is safe to conclude that in the years ahead, the U.S. population will

become less ethnically diverse.

demonstrate a younger average age.

require a more diverse health care labor force.

become more of a single linguistic society.

require a more diverse health care labor force.

11

You are working as a radiographer in a small community hospital. As you get on the elevator to ride up to the cafeteria for your morning break, you are joined by a group of people who are quite vocal about the skin tone and dialect of the doctor that is taking care of one of their family members. This group inherently demonstrates a group

consortium.

consensus.

bias.

assimilation.

bias

12

To protect the human rights of people with disabilities, four essential core values of human rights were recognized by the 1993 Vienna Declaration for Human Rights. These core values are

freedom of speech, assembly, vote, and travel.

solidarity, dignity, autonomy, and equality.

religion, expression, employment, and education.

integrity, justice, due process, and appeal.

solidarity, dignity, autonomy, and equality.

13

Patients in a persistent vegetative state and those in a minimally conscious state should be treated the same.

True
False

True

False

False

14

Proponents of patient-chosen euthanasia consider it an act of:

self-determination.

self-worth.

murder.

incompetence.

self-determination.

15

A person’s hair color and texture as well as his or her skin condition would be an example of what area of human diversity?

Social organizations

Communication

Biologic variations

Environmental control

Biologic variations

16

It is illegal to deny an individual the opportunity to advance professionally through employment because of

gender.

technical skills.

daycare needs.

personal hygiene.

gender

17

A DNI (do not intubate) order is different from a DNR (do not resuscitate) order.

True
False

True

False

True

18

Durable power of attorney for health care decisions:

defines a particular decision to be made in a particular situation.

names an attorney to take charge of the patient’s financial matters.

appoints a particular decision maker for health care decisions.

none of the above.

appoints a particular decision maker for health care decisions.

19

A patient in a minimally conscious state has no higher brain function.

True
False

True

False

False

20

Judicial decisions in any jurisdiction:

are binding in that jurisdiction.

may be considered by courts in other jurisdictions.

are not binding in other jurisdictions.

all of the above.

all of the above.

21

Only after going through what phases would a patient be considered ready to make the decision regarding the commission of euthanasia of himself or herself?

Stages of growth.

Stages of death.

Stages of euthanasia.

None of the above.

Stages of death.

22

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 provides for all of the following conditions EXCEPT

employees must speak English and understand the nature of disability.

legal protection against discrimination because of physical or mental disability.

institutions must make reasonable accommodations for all individuals.

guarantees basic human rights to persons with a disability.

employees must speak English and understand the nature of disability.

23

In the process of preparing a Hmong patient for an interventional procedure, you discover the patient speaks no English. She has no family members with her and was escorted down by hospital transport. A necessary part of the examination is for the patient to complete an informed consent document. An effective strategy you could use to accomplish this would be

speaking slowly and deliberately in English and showing the patient where to sign the document.

trying to act out the intent of the document through demonstration and modeling.

asking a coworker to witness your explanation of the document and the patient’s signature.

delaying the procedure until a hospital translator can be present during the explanation.

delaying the procedure until a hospital translator can be present during the explanation.

24

A person who may seem to be awake but has no awareness of self or the environment because the brainstem continues to function is in a(n):

persistent vegetative state.

coma.

unconscious state.

none of the above.

persistent vegetative state.

25

An ethnic group that would place a cultural core value on the sacredness of the earth and its waters, clean air, wildlife, and foliage would most likely be

Native American.

Latino.

Mexican American.

European American.

Native American.

26

A patient in a persistent vegetative state is really in a coma.

True
False

True

False

False

27

Active euthanasia currently is generally performed by:

a health care professional.

the patient.

a neighbor.

a family member.

a family member.

28

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, more than 40% of the population was 60 years old and older. This age class of citizens represents a very large population that will have a significant impact on the country with regard to economics, politics, health care, employment, and so on. This group is collectively referred to as _____, and the country will undoubtedly change in many ways to accommodate these valued members of society.

Generation X citizens

Generation Y citizens

baby boomers

postwar citizens

baby boomers

29

A patient is motivated to enter the health care environment when:

the patient is indecisive.

the patient is in a persistent vegetative state.

the patient’s capabilities and potentialities are affected.

all the above.

the patient’s capabilities and potentialities are affected.

30

Another term for human diversity is

independence.

social autonomy.

cultural diversity.

existentialism.

cultural diversity.

31

The commitment to cultural diversity is an integral part of the medical imaging profession as evidenced by official position statements from the American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT). In a continuing effort to broaden the profession’s human diversity, a well-known student scholarship is available, known as the _____ Scholarship.

Ed Jerman Merit

GE Minority Merit

Royce Osborne Minority Student

Clarence Dally Diversity

Royce Osborne Minority Student

32

Factors influencing quality of life may include:

capability of performing normal biologic functions.

stability of intellect and creativity.

emotional contact with others.

all of the above.

all of the above.

33

A social organization that seeks to understand and accept peoples from diverse backgrounds through policies and procedures, communication media, activities, and so on in an effort to achieve a positive cross-cultural environment is seeking to achieve

socialism.

cultural competency.

social autonomy.

segregation.

cultural competency.

34

Problem solving for quality-of-life issues can be aided by the use of these points:

what is normal for the patient.

what deficits the patient may experience.

a and b.

none of the above.

a and b.

35

Durable powers of attorney for health care decisions:

do not require patients to anticipate what treatments will be required in the event of incapacitation.

appoint a particular decision maker instead of a particular decision.

can require the decision maker to consult with others beforemaking any decisions.

all of the above.

all of the above.

36

As you are enjoying a light breakfast in a local coffee shop, a small group sits down at an adjacent table. As they talk, you overhear them making derogatory statements about people who are obese. Comments such as, “I can’t believe people can eat so much!” and “How can they let themselves get that way?” are typical of the conversation. One group member openly states, “Why can’t they be like us, fit and trim?” This group is demonstrating

ethnocentrism.

assimilation.

biculturalism.

racism.

ethnocentrism

37

Which of the following would not reflect a human diversity characteristic?

Disability

Gender

Occupation

Race

Occupation

38

To perform effectively and compassionately as a radiologic sciences professional, it is important to understand the areas of human cultural diversity. These may include
1. social organizations.
2. phobias.
3. symbolism.
4. space.
5. time.
6. communication.

1, 3, 4, and 6 only.

1, 2, 3, and 5 only.

1, 4, 5, and 6 only.

2, 3, and 6 only.

1, 4, 5, and 6 only.

39

Imaging professionals do not need to concern themselves with DNR or DNI orders because they will never be involved.

True
False

True

False

False

40

Liability with regard to cardiopulmonary resuscitation can exist if:

CPR is unsuccessful.

the patient’s wishes are not followed.

broken ribs are sustained in the process of CPR.

none of the above.

the patient’s wishes are not followed.