Chapter 3 World History

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1

Archaeological studies of Mycenaean cities and palaces indicate that the Mycenaeans

Were a warlike people

2

A Tholos tomb

was a huge beehive like chamber

3

Homer's epic poems, the Illiad and The Oddyssey , reflect the values and society of which Greek history?

"dark ages" or Archaic

4

Which qualities would a Homeric hero price most dearly?

individual prowess, courage, protection of family

5

In the Greek world, a Polis was a(n)

-Independent political unit

-Agricultural village, town , or small city

-Community sharing common ancestors and religious rites

6

According to Legend, the greeks finally destroyed the city of troy using

a giant horse

7

A hoplite phalanx is a

disciplined, closed fighting formation

8

which is the best summary of the impact of the hoplite phalanx on the greek aristocracy?

class conflict was postponed, but eventually emerged

9

the Greek colonization movement around 750 BC is most closely linked to

over population

10

Based on map 3-2 which people founded colonies before and during the Greek colonial period?

Phoenicians (expert traders)

11

Aristotle valued the Polis very highly because he thought

Only the polis could provide human justice

12

Which of these statements tended to be true of tyrants?

They were generally aristocrats

13

The Peloponnesus is

a peninsula attached to mainland Greece by a narrow isthmus

14

The major city state that controlled the peninsula of Attica was

Athens

15

The two main factors that determined the character of Spartan society were the

Conquest of Messenia and the enslavement of the Helots

16

The Spartans felt compelled to make the army the primary focus of their society because

of the threat of rebellion by their slaves

17

In the Spartan government, which institution was the most democratic?

the assembly

18

which of the following best characterizes the typical life of a Spartan girl?

indoctrination in Spartan ideals

19

Solon's reforms

  • had long lasting impacts
  • increased economic specialization
  • forbade debt slavery
20

solon, Pisistratus, and Clisthenes contributed to the development of Athenian government by

breaking down traditional allegiances

21

Clisthenes furthered Athenian democracy through which action?

  • reorganization of Attica's tribes
  • elevation of the role of the assembly
  • reduction of the power of aristocrats
22

In the Greek pantheon, the father of the gods was

Zeus

23

The Greek alphabet was the first to use

vowels

24

The Persian War sea battle that led to the withdrawal of Xerxes was

Salamis

25

Athens became the leader of the Delian League because

Athens had Greece's largest navy

26

the greatest concentrations of Greek cities were located in which regions?

Attica, the Peloponnesus and Ionia

27

The best summary of Thucydides' stance toward Athens and the Delian League is the

Athenians were harsh, and the other members of the league were foolish

28

The Delian League began its transformation into an Athenian empire

with the rebellion of Thasos in 465 BC

29

The primary cause of the first Peloponnesian war was

the policies of Athens' new regime

30

Of the outset of the Great Peloponnesian war, the Athenian strategy was

to allow their own land to be devastated

31

The Athenians lost The Great Peloponnesian War because

  • Pericles's strategy failed
  • none of Pericles's successors could hold the state of a consistent policy
  • The Sicilian expedition was a disastrous failure
32

The period 404-371 BC was called the Spartan hegemony and is characterized by

  • Spartan leadership of the Greek world
  • Overextension of Spartan power in Asia Minor
  • The rise or revival of Theban and Athenian power
33

Evidence from pictorial art, mythology and theater suggest that Athenian women's influence was

greater than what the law and public pronouncements would have permitted

34

The plays of Aeschylus and Sophocles were

tragedies based on mythological subjects and dealing with religion politics ethics and morality

35

Classical greek culture is best characterized by

Tension

36

Which of the following best describes the plays of Euripides?

the psychology and behavior of individual human beings

37

Thucydides was a Athenian who

wrote the history of the Peloponnesian war

38

The Hellenistic world

  • was how the Greeks described the spread of their culture
  • was built around the Polis
  • combined elements of Greek and Asian civilizations
39

Phillip II of Macedon

defeated Athens and Thebes in Boeotia

40

Which best describes Alexander's early strategy against Persia?

seek quick and decisive battles to gain money and supplies from the conquered territory

41

According to map 3-4 Alexander The Great

departed Europe for Asia and never returned

42

Alexander was forced to end his conquest in INdia because of

a mutiny by his men

43

which best describes the beliefs of Epicurus?

pursuit of happiness, practical atheism, withdrawal from public life

44

Which best describes the philosophy of the Stoics?

a life in harmony with god and nature, knowledge of good and evil, avoidance of passion

45

The theory of the lever in mechanics was invented b y

Archimedes of Syracuse