Chapter 3 World History Flashcards
Archaeological studies of Mycenaean cities and palaces indicate that the Mycenaeans
Were a warlike people
A Tholos tomb
was a huge beehive like chamber
Homer's epic poems, the Illiad and The Oddyssey , reflect the values and society of which Greek history?
"dark ages" or Archaic
Which qualities would a Homeric hero price most dearly?
individual prowess, courage, protection of family
In the Greek world, a Polis was a(n)
-Independent political unit
-Agricultural village, town , or small city
-Community sharing common ancestors and religious rites
According to Legend, the greeks finally destroyed the city of troy using
a giant horse
A hoplite phalanx is a
disciplined, closed fighting formation
which is the best summary of the impact of the hoplite phalanx on the greek aristocracy?
class conflict was postponed, but eventually emerged
the Greek colonization movement around 750 BC is most closely linked to
Based on map 3-2 which people founded colonies before and during the Greek colonial period?
Phoenicians (expert traders)
Aristotle valued the Polis very highly because he thought
Only the polis could provide human justice
Which of these statements tended to be true of tyrants?
They were generally aristocrats
The Peloponnesus is
a peninsula attached to mainland Greece by a narrow isthmus
The major city state that controlled the peninsula of Attica was
The two main factors that determined the character of Spartan society were the
Conquest of Messenia and the enslavement of the Helots
The Spartans felt compelled to make the army the primary focus of their society because
of the threat of rebellion by their slaves
In the Spartan government, which institution was the most democratic?
which of the following best characterizes the typical life of a Spartan girl?
indoctrination in Spartan ideals
- had long lasting impacts
- increased economic specialization
- forbade debt slavery
solon, Pisistratus, and Clisthenes contributed to the development of Athenian government by
breaking down traditional allegiances
Clisthenes furthered Athenian democracy through which action?
- reorganization of Attica's tribes
- elevation of the role of the assembly
- reduction of the power of aristocrats
In the Greek pantheon, the father of the gods was
The Greek alphabet was the first to use
The Persian War sea battle that led to the withdrawal of Xerxes was
Athens became the leader of the Delian League because
Athens had Greece's largest navy
the greatest concentrations of Greek cities were located in which regions?
Attica, the Peloponnesus and Ionia
The best summary of Thucydides' stance toward Athens and the Delian League is the
Athenians were harsh, and the other members of the league were foolish
The Delian League began its transformation into an Athenian empire
with the rebellion of Thasos in 465 BC
The primary cause of the first Peloponnesian war was
the policies of Athens' new regime
Of the outset of the Great Peloponnesian war, the Athenian strategy was
to allow their own land to be devastated
The Athenians lost The Great Peloponnesian War because
- Pericles's strategy failed
- none of Pericles's successors could hold the state of a consistent policy
- The Sicilian expedition was a disastrous failure
The period 404-371 BC was called the Spartan hegemony and is characterized by
- Spartan leadership of the Greek world
- Overextension of Spartan power in Asia Minor
- The rise or revival of Theban and Athenian power
Evidence from pictorial art, mythology and theater suggest that Athenian women's influence was
greater than what the law and public pronouncements would have permitted
The plays of Aeschylus and Sophocles were
tragedies based on mythological subjects and dealing with religion politics ethics and morality
Classical greek culture is best characterized by
Which of the following best describes the plays of Euripides?
the psychology and behavior of individual human beings
Thucydides was a Athenian who
wrote the history of the Peloponnesian war
The Hellenistic world
- was how the Greeks described the spread of their culture
- was built around the Polis
- combined elements of Greek and Asian civilizations
Phillip II of Macedon
defeated Athens and Thebes in Boeotia
Which best describes Alexander's early strategy against Persia?
seek quick and decisive battles to gain money and supplies from the conquered territory
According to map 3-4 Alexander The Great
departed Europe for Asia and never returned
Alexander was forced to end his conquest in INdia because of
a mutiny by his men
which best describes the beliefs of Epicurus?
pursuit of happiness, practical atheism, withdrawal from public life
Which best describes the philosophy of the Stoics?
a life in harmony with god and nature, knowledge of good and evil, avoidance of passion
The theory of the lever in mechanics was invented b y
Archimedes of Syracuse