60 questions Pediatric growth and development Flashcards


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1

Most rapid growth and development

Infancy

2

Slow growth

Toddler hood and Preschooler

3

Slower growth

Schoolage

4

Rapid growth

Adolescence

5

principles of growth and development

Growth and development occurs in cephalo-caudal meaning development occurs through out the body's axis. Example: the child must be able to lift the head before he is able to lift his chest.

6

principles of growth and development

Proximo-distal is development that progresses from center of the body to the extremities. Example: a child first develops arm movement before fine-finger movement

7

principles of growth and development

Different parts of the body grows at different range because some body tissue mature faster than the other such as the neurologic tissues peaks its growth during the first years of life while the genital tissue doesn't till puberty.

8

principles of growth and development

Also G&D is predictable in the sequence which a child normally precedes such as motor skills and behavior.

9

principles of growth and development

G&D can never be modified

10

What type of play will be ideal for the preschool period?

Make believe

11

What type of play will be ideal for the infant period?

Peek-a-boo

12

What type of play will be ideal for the infant period

Building blocks

13

What type of play will be ideal for the school period?

Make believe

Hide and Seek

14

Which of the following information indicate that l is normal for a preschool of 6 years old?

Has the ability to try new things

15

Erickson defines the developmental task of a _________ period is learning Initiative vs. Guilt

Preschool period

16

Preschooler

Children can initiate motor activities of various sorts on their own and no longer responds to or imitate the actions of other children or of their parents.

17

Based on Kohlberg's theory, what is the stage of moral development of a preschooler?

.naïve instrumental orientation

18

Preschooler

will do something for another if that person does something with the child in return

19

Based on Kohlberg's theory, what is the stage of moral development of a toddler?

Punishment-obedience

20

Based on Kohlberg's theory, what is the stage of moral development of a school age child?

"good boy-Nice girl"

21

Baby boy delivered at 36 weeks gestation weighs 3,400 gm and height of 59 cm (6-10)

Long

22

Growth and development in a child progresses in the following ways EXCEPT

From cognitive to psychosexual

cognitive to psychosexual because they can develop at the same time.

23

Growth and development in a child progresses in the following ways

From trunk to the tip of the extremities

24

Growth and development in a child progresses in the following ways

From general to specific

25

Growth and development in a child progresses in the following ways

From head to toe

26

According to Erikson, children 0-18 months are under the developmental task of

Trust vs Mistrust

27

true about Mongolian Spots?

Disappears in about a year

28

Signs of cold stress that the nurse must be alert when caring for a Newborn is

Increased RR