Human Anatomy Lab Exercises Tissues Recognition and Function

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Loose connective tissue, adipose

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Blood

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Bone

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Cardiac muscle

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Connective tissue loose, areolar

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Dense connective tissue, elastic

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Dense connective tissue, elastic

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Dense connective tissue, regular

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Cartilage: elastic

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Fibrocartilage

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Cartilage: hyaline

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Dense connective tissue, irregular

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Stratified squamous epithelium

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Nervous tissue

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Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

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Dense connective tissue, reticular

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Simple columnar epithelium

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Simple cuboidal epithelium

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Simple squamous epithelium

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Skeletal muscle

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Smooth muscle

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Stratified cuboidal epithelium

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Stratified columnar epithelium

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Transitional epithelium

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Simple squamous epithelium

Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration where protection is not important

Secretes lubricating substances in the serosae

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Stratified squamous epithelium

Protects underlying tissues in areas subject to abrasions

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Simple cuboidal epithelium

Secretion and absorption

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Transitional epithelium

Stretches readily and permits distention of urinary organ by contained urine

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Simple columnar epithelium

Absorption, secretion of mucus and enzymes

Ciliated type propels mucus

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Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

1. Secretion, particularly of mucus

2. Propulsion of mucus by ciliary action

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Loose connective tissue, areolar

1. Wraps and cushions organs

2. Phagocytizes bacteria

3. Plays an important role in inflammation

4. Holds and conveys tissue fluids

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Loose connective tissue, adipose

1. Provides reserve fuel

2. Insulates against heat loss

3. Supports and protects organs

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Dense connective tissue, regular

1. Attaches muscles to bones or muscles to muscles

2. Attaches bones to bones

3. Withstands great tensile strength when force is applied in one direction

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Dense connective tissue, irregular

1. Withstands tension exerted in many directions

2. Provides structural strength

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Dense connective tissue, reticular

1. Fibers form soft internal skeleton (stroma) that supports other cell types including white blood cells, mast cells, and macrophages

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Dense connective tissue, elastic

1. Allows recoil of tissue after stretching

2. Maintains pulsatile flow of blood through the arteries

3. Aids in passive recoil of lungs following inspiration

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Cartilage: hyaline

1. Supports and reinforces

2. Has resilient cushioning properties

3. Resists compressive stress

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Cartilage: elastic

Maintains shape of structure while allowing great flexibility

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Fibrocartilage

Tensile strength with the ability to absorb compressive shock

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Bone

1. Supports and protects (by enclosing)

2. Provides levers for muscles to act on

3. Stores calcium, minerals, and fat

4. Marrow for blood cell formation

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Blood

Transport of respiratory gases, wastes, and other substances

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Skeletal muscle

1. Voluntary movement

2. Locomotion

3. Manipulation of environment

4. Facial expression

5. Voluntary control

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Smooth muscle

1. Propels substances or objects (foodstuffs urine, baby) along internal passageways

2. Involuntary control

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Cardiac muscle

1. As it contracts, it propels blood into circulation

2. Involuntary control

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Nervous tissue - Neurons

Transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors and to effectors (muscles and glands) which control their activity

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Neuroglial cells or Neuroglia

1. Maintains homeostasis

2. Forms myelin

3. Provides support and protection for neurons