A&P II Lab questions Review of the Endocrine

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This is a review of the endocrine system via the lab
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1

What does the pancrease secrete?

Glucagon

Insulin

2

What are the two parts of the Adrenal glands?

Medulla (inner)

Cortex (outer)

3

What hormones does the Cortex of the adrenal gland secrete?

Corticosteroids

Glucocorticoids

Gonadocorticoids

4

What hormones dose the Medulla secrete?

Epinephrine

Norepinephrine

5

The Parathyroid produces what?

PTH

6

What makes Calcitonin?

Thyroid

7

Where is the thymus located?

over the heart but shrinks as you age

8

Is the pancrease endocrine or exocrine?

both

9

The thymus regulates what cell in the lymphatic system?

T Cells

10

The thymus secrets what?

Thymosine and Thymopoietin

11

What are the gonadotorpins that the anterior pituitary produces?

FSH

LH

ACTH

TSH

12

What two hormones does the anterior pituitary produce that are not gonadotropin?

GH

PRL

13

Does the posterior pituitary make hormones?

No, it stores them

14

What two hormones are stored in the posterior pituitary?

Oxytocin

ADH

15

What does the pineal gland secrets what?

Melatonin for sleep/wake cycle

16

What does the thyroid produce?

T3 and T4

Calcitonin

17

Together, T3 and T4 are known has what?

Thyroid Hormone

18

Is there more T3 or T4?

more T4

19

The T4 splits to become what?

T3

20

What is the antagonist of PTH?

Calcitonin

21

Why are calcitonin and PTH antagonist?

Calcitonin decreases blood calcium levels by storing it in the bone

PTH increases blood calcium levels by pulling it from the bone

22
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Identify A and B

A - Cortex

B - Medulla

23

Insulin breaks down what?

Glucose

24

Glucose needs what to get into cells?

Insulin

25

Beta cells are found where and produce what?

Pancreas

Insulin

26
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Identify the Thymus

B

27
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Identify A, B, C, and D

A - Anterior Pituitary

B - Hypothalamus

C - Infundibulum

D - Posterior Pituitary

28

Parathyroid contains what kind of cells?

Chief cells

29

Another name for the Chief cells is what?

The principle cells

30

The Alpha cells of the pancreas make?

Glucagon

31

The Beta cells of the pancreas make?

Insuline

32

Give the zone and what it produces and where its found

Zone of Glomerosa

Aldosterone

found from the outer most area of the cortex

33

Give the zone and what it produces.

Zone of Reticularis

gonadacorticoids

between medulla and cortex

34

Give the zone and what it produces.

Zone of fasciculata

Cortisols

found within the cortex

35

Aldosterone regulates what?

Electrolytes