Respiratory System Chapter 13 Review

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1

The transport of O2 from the outside air to tissue and the transport of CO2 from cells to the outside is known as...

RESPIRATION

2

The terminal element of the respiratory tract...

ALVEOLUS

3

The movement of gases into and out of the lungs is known as...

VENTILATION

4

Inflammation of the lining of the lung...

PLUERISY

5

The prefix in the word ANTIBIOTIC means...

AGAINST

6

Collapse of a part of a lung...

ATELECTASIS

7

What does the suffix in the term BRONCHIOLE mean???

SMALL

8

The use of oxygen in cellular metabolism...

INTERNAL RESPIRATION

9

What is the plural form of PLEURA?

PLEURAE

10

The suffix in the medical term BRONCHIOGENIC means???

CREATION

11

Term for hair-like, motile projections from the surface of a cell...

CILIA

12

The combining form LARYNG/O means...

VOICEBOX

13

The fibrotic lung disease caused by the inhalation of different dusts is called...

PNEUMOCONIOSIS

14

Olfaction comes from the Latin Origin meaning what???

TO SMELL

15

Which body sensation is most influenced by the sense of smell???

SENSE OF TASTE

16

What is the abbreviation for CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE???

C.O.P.D.

17

The anatomical structure that connects the back of the nose to the larynx is the...

PHARYNX

18

Where is the APEX of the lung located???

ABOVE AND BEHIND THE CLAVICLE

19

What does the combining form in the word PULM/ONOLOGY mean???

LUNG

20

What structure divides the nasal cavity into a right and left compartments???

SEPTUM

21

Wwhat is the crackle heard through a stethoscope when air bubbles through liquid in the lungs???

RALE

22

What does the word element RHIN- refer to???

NOSE

23

A synonym for RESPIRATOR is...

VENTILATOR

24

The costal surface of the lungs presses against which body part???

RIB CAGE

25

What instrument measures respiratory volumes???

SPIROMETER

26

What does the suffix in the term SPIROMETRY mean???

PROCESS OF MEASURING

27

What is the correct sequence of the parts of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM through which air passes through the body???

NOSE, PHARYNX, LARYNX, TRACHEA, BRONCHI, BRONCHIOLES, ALVEOLI

(N P L T B Bs A)

28

What is the normal respiratory rate for a resting adult???

10-15 TIMES PER MINUTE

29

Act of coughing up and spitting out mucous from the respiratory tract???

EXPECTORATE

30

Having increased respiratory distress and retractions in the intercostal spaces of the chest...

BRONCHIOLITIS

31

What does the prefix in the term ENDOTRACHEAL mean???

INSIDE

32

Which of the following structures is NOT one of the six connected elements of the respiratory tract???

  1. NOSE
  2. PHARYNX
  3. TONGUE
  4. LARYNX
  5. BRONCHI
33

Medical term for a nosebleed...

EPISTAXIS

34

What does the suffix in the term LOBECTOMY mean??

SURGICAL REMOVAL OF

35

MEATUS is of the Latin Origin meaning...

PASSAGE

36

Where is the OLFACTORY REGION located at???

EXTREME SUPERIOR REGION OF THE NASAL CAVITY

37

What does the suffix in the term NASAL mean???

PERTAINING TO

38

In the medical term PNEUMONIA, what does the root in the term mean??

LUNG, AIR

39

Inflammation of the nasal mucosa is known as...

RHINITIS

40

Which of the following is not a function of the nose???

  1. COOLING AIR THAT ENTERS FROM THE OUTSIDE
  2. TRAPPING LARGE PARTICLES IN THE AIR
  3. MOISTURIZING THE AIR
  4. RECOGNIZING 4000 SEPERATE SMELLS
  5. SERVING AS A PASSWAY FROM OUTSIDE TO THE UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT
41

Removal of the affected area of the lung...

RESECTION OF THE TUMOR

42

Muscular funnel that receives air from the nasal cavity and food and drink from the oral cavity...

PHARYNX

43

What medical term means removal of the lung???

PNEUMOECTOMY

44

Which structure is NOT involved in snoring???

  1. EPIGLOTTIS
  2. TONGUE
  3. NOSE
  4. UPPER PHARYNX
  5. UVULA
45

What does the suffix in the term ADENOID mean???

RESEMBLING