Medical Language for Modern Health Care: Lymphatic and Immune Systems Chapter 12 Review Flashcards
What does the root in INCUBATION mean?
HATCH, SIT ON
Washing out a hollow cavity...
What does the suffix in the word OPPURTUNISTIC mean?
What does the root in the word DORMANT mean?
Which of the following is NOT a common way in which the human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) can be transmitted?
- Sexual Intercourse
- MOSQUITO BITE
- Sharing Needles
- Contaminated Blood Products
- Transplacental Transmission
Why is the development of natural immunity to HIV so difficult?
ABOUT 1% OF THE HIV'S GENES MUTATE EVERY YEAR.
When HIV invades the brain, what is the resultant condition?
Which of the following laboratory tests measures the quantity of HIV in the blood?
VIRAL LOAD COUNTS
What does the suffix in the term ALLOGEN mean?
A skin graft taken from another person or cadaver is referred to as an...
What is the term that means a reaction to tissue transplanted from another person?
In the term MACROPHAGE, what does the prefix refer to?
What is the term that describes an immediate, severe, allergic response?
An exaggerated, abnormal reaction to an allergen, is called an ________ reaction.
Failure of the IMMUNE SYSTEM?
Failure of the IMMUNE SYSTEM caused by an outside agent?
What does the prefix in the term TRANSPLANT mean?
Transplant immunity causes...
What type of genetic abnormality is often sex-linked, so that boys are affected more often than girls?
In most allergic reactions, how long does it take for the cells to produce histamine?
What is the name of a preparation to generate active immunity?
What is the meaning of the Latin origin for the term immune?
What is the term for a group of proteins in serum that finish off the work of antibodies to destroy bacteria and other cells?
The lymphatic capillaries and vessels are located?
IN THE INTERSTITIAL SPACES
What type of cell is produced by the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM?
The LYMPHATIC SYSTEM absorbs excess interstitial fluid and returns it to the__________.
What is removed from the tissues by the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM?
When interstitial fluid enters the lymphatic capillaries, it is known as...
The greatest concentration of the lymph nodes lie...
IN THE NECK, AXILLA, AND GROIN
____________ in the LYMPH NODES break down any foreign matter that enters the body..
The right lymphatic duct drains into the right _______...
What is the medical term for a substance that produces a hyper sensitivity reaction?
What is an antibody?
Medical term that means the state of being protected...
What does the suffix in IMMUNOLOGIST mean???
ONE WHO STUDIES
What medical term means to make resistant to an infectious disease???
What does the suffix in the word LYMPHATIC mean???
TRUE OR FALSE???
All antibodies are immunoglobulins...
A circumscribed mass of tissue...
What does the combining form in the word PATHOGEN mean???
What is the meaning of the root in the word POLLUTANT???
The structure which begins in the abdomen at the level of the second lumbar vertebra and empties into the left subclavian vein is the...
LEFT THORACIC DUCT
What does the T in T cells stand for ???
Where is the location of lymphocytes in organs with passages that open to the exterior of the body???
IN THE CONNECTIVE TISSUE AND THE MUCOUS MEMBRANES
Al of the following are types of T cells EXCEPT...
- CYTOTOXIC CELLS
- HELPER CELLS
- MEMORY CELLS
- SUPPRESSOR CELLS
- AMORPHOUS CELLS
B lymphocytes mature in the _____...
This cell begins the defensive response against a specific antigen...
HELPER T CELLS
The failure of suppressor T cells to function properly may result in this condition...
The function of antibodies is to...
SECRETE TOXINS THAY DESTROY ANTIGENS
Mature, activated B cells are called...
The process used by macrophages to destroy bacteria and remove foreign matter is called...
Where do monocytes come from???