Medical Language for Modern Health Care: Lymphatic and Immune Systems Chapter 12 Review Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 8 years ago by Cassie_Hill
1,967 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

What does the root in INCUBATION mean?

HATCH, SIT ON

2

Washing out a hollow cavity...

LAVAGE

3

What does the suffix in the word OPPURTUNISTIC mean?

PERTAINING TO

4

What does the root in the word DORMANT mean?

SLEEP

5

Which of the following is NOT a common way in which the human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) can be transmitted?

  1. Sexual Intercourse
  2. MOSQUITO BITE
  3. Sharing Needles
  4. Contaminated Blood Products
  5. Transplacental Transmission
6

Why is the development of natural immunity to HIV so difficult?

ABOUT 1% OF THE HIV'S GENES MUTATE EVERY YEAR.

7

When HIV invades the brain, what is the resultant condition?

DEMENTIA

8

Which of the following laboratory tests measures the quantity of HIV in the blood?

VIRAL LOAD COUNTS

9

What does the suffix in the term ALLOGEN mean?

PRODUCING

10

A skin graft taken from another person or cadaver is referred to as an...

ALLOGRAFT

11

What is the term that means a reaction to tissue transplanted from another person?

ALLOIMMUNE

12

In the term MACROPHAGE, what does the prefix refer to?

LARGE

13

What is the term that describes an immediate, severe, allergic response?

ANAPHYLAXIS

14

An exaggerated, abnormal reaction to an allergen, is called an ________ reaction.

HYPERSENSITIVITY

15

Failure of the IMMUNE SYSTEM?

IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISORDER

16

Failure of the IMMUNE SYSTEM caused by an outside agent?

IMMUNOSUPPRESSION

17

What does the prefix in the term TRANSPLANT mean?

ACROSS

18

Transplant immunity causes...

REJECTION

19

What type of genetic abnormality is often sex-linked, so that boys are affected more often than girls?

CONGENITAL IMMUNODEFICIENCY

20

In most allergic reactions, how long does it take for the cells to produce histamine?

2-3 SECONDS

21

What is the name of a preparation to generate active immunity?

VACCINE

22

What is the meaning of the Latin origin for the term immune?

PROTECTED FROM

23

What is the term for a group of proteins in serum that finish off the work of antibodies to destroy bacteria and other cells?

COMPLEMENT

24

The lymphatic capillaries and vessels are located?

IN THE INTERSTITIAL SPACES

25

What type of cell is produced by the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM?

IMMUNE CELLS

26

The LYMPHATIC SYSTEM absorbs excess interstitial fluid and returns it to the__________.

BLOODSTREAM

27

What is removed from the tissues by the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM?

DEBRIS

28

When interstitial fluid enters the lymphatic capillaries, it is known as...

LYMPH

29

The greatest concentration of the lymph nodes lie...

IN THE NECK, AXILLA, AND GROIN

30

____________ in the LYMPH NODES break down any foreign matter that enters the body..

MACROPHAGES

31

The right lymphatic duct drains into the right _______...

SUBCLAVIAN VEIN

32

What is the medical term for a substance that produces a hyper sensitivity reaction?

ALLERGEN

33

What is an antibody?

A PROTEIN

34

Medical term that means the state of being protected...

IMMUNITY

35

What does the suffix in IMMUNOLOGIST mean???

ONE WHO STUDIES

36

What medical term means to make resistant to an infectious disease???

IMMUNIZE

37

What does the suffix in the word LYMPHATIC mean???

PERTAINING TO

38

TRUE OR FALSE???

All antibodies are immunoglobulins...

TRUE

39

A circumscribed mass of tissue...

NODE

40

What does the combining form in the word PATHOGEN mean???

DISEASE

41

What is the meaning of the root in the word POLLUTANT???

UNCLEAN

42

The structure which begins in the abdomen at the level of the second lumbar vertebra and empties into the left subclavian vein is the...

LEFT THORACIC DUCT

43

What does the T in T cells stand for ???

THYMUS

44

Where is the location of lymphocytes in organs with passages that open to the exterior of the body???

IN THE CONNECTIVE TISSUE AND THE MUCOUS MEMBRANES

45

Al of the following are types of T cells EXCEPT...

  1. CYTOTOXIC CELLS
  2. HELPER CELLS
  3. MEMORY CELLS
  4. SUPPRESSOR CELLS
  5. AMORPHOUS CELLS
46

B lymphocytes mature in the _____...

BONE MARROW

47

This cell begins the defensive response against a specific antigen...

HELPER T CELLS

48

The failure of suppressor T cells to function properly may result in this condition...

AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE

49

The function of antibodies is to...

SECRETE TOXINS THAY DESTROY ANTIGENS

50

Mature, activated B cells are called...

PLASMA CELLS

51

The process used by macrophages to destroy bacteria and remove foreign matter is called...

PHAGOCYTOSIS

52

Where do monocytes come from???

BLOOD