Fundamental Concepts Chapter 11 & 12 quiz Flashcards


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fundamentals growth and development: infancy through adolescence
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1

The psychosocial stage of development in middle adulthood is

generativity vs. stagnation

2

The identity vs. role confusion stage occurs in

adolescence

3

Intimacy vs. isolation occurs in

young adulthood

4

Which is a true statement about American family life in the past 50 years?

Health care advances contribute to longer life spans

5

A significant milestone signaling that a person is a young adult is:

economic independence

6

Which change occurs during middle adulthood?

Presbyopia occurs

7

Presbyopia

is the decreased flexibility of the eye lens which makes near vision more difficult

8

Physical growth of the brain peaks during

young adulthood

9

Muscles lose tone and elasticity during the

middle years

10

Dental maturity is achieved during

young adulthood

11

The average age of menopause is

51

12

A leading cause of death in the 50s and 60s is

Heart Disease

13

To maintain or improve bone health in middle adult women should

Take Calcium - 1000 mg/day prior to menopause

14

Regular bone density screening is recommended at age

45 for women with a family history of osteoporosis

15

Obtaining vitamin D, not vitamin C, from sunlight or supplementation is important in

middle adulthood.

16

The theorist K. Warner Schaie called the young adult stage of cognitive development the

achievement stage

17

___________ called the young adult stage of cognitive development the achievement stage (needing to learn and successfully use your abilities). During the achievement stage, young adults are optimistic and strive to improve themselves through continual learning.

Schaie

18

________ people have established a philosophy of life based on their own belief system and personal ethics

Mature

19

In what stage of prenatal development do the arm and leg buds appear?

Embryonic

20

Arm and leg buds appear in the ____________________during the embryonic stage

fifth week of prenatal development

21

Which theorist developed a theory about how children learn and stressed the principles of organization and adaptation

Jean Piaget

22

Erikson developed a theory of_____________development

psychosocial

23

______________ developed a psychoanalytic theory of personality development

Sigmund Freud

24

________________________developed a theory of moral development.

Lawrence Kohlberg

25

What is the most important factor in maintaining a healthy pregnancy

Early and regular prenatal health care

26

What characteristics define a preterm baby?

Born before 37 weeks' gestation and weighs less than 5 pounds

27

According to Erikson, in which stage does a child know no fear and want to explore the world?

Industry vs. inferiority

28

According to Erikson, the initiative vs. guilt stage occurs between ________ years

3 to 6

29

The _______________stage occurs from 18 months to 3 years and independence is the focus

autonomy vs. shame and doubt

30

The ____________________stage occurs from middle to late childhood and the focus is on accomplishing things.

industry vs. inferiority

31

The ______________________stage occurs during adolescence, and in this stage, the adolescent struggles with the questions: Who am I? What will I do with my life?

identity vs. role confusion

32

According to Piaget, children ages 8 to 11 years are in which stage of cognitive development?

Concrete operational thought

33

________________________refers to ages 12 to 15 years and is when children learn to think abstractly

Formal operations

34

________________________occurs between 2 to 7 years and is marked by development of symbolic mental abilities

Preoperational thinking

35

The ______________________ stage occurs from birth to 2 years and is when children recognize permanence of objects.

sensorimotor

36

For adolescents, the primary psychosocial task is:

discovering their identity

37

Most important statement that is true regarding adolescent pregnancy

Younger mothers more often have premature babies with low birth weight. Often the adolescent mother does not continue her education. Adolescent pregnancy is a high-risk pregnancy

38

What are safety recommendations for infants and children?

Remove toxic plants from the home

Dress the child in flame-retardant sleepwear

Mark glass doors with decals

39

________ is characterized by binge eating followed by inducing vomiting or using laxatives to eliminate foods from the body.

Bulimia

40

Which is true regarding child development theorists

Kohlberg studied the moral development of children

41

Melissa brings her 9 month old baby into the clinic for a well-baby check. While gathering data, you notice that the baby appears to be communicating in two word sentences. Melissa affirms your observation when you ask her about her baby's language development. You inform Melissa that :

The baby's language development seems to be occurring more quickly than expected

42

When considering the principles of growth and development, remember that

although development occurs in an orderly sequence, the rate may vary between individuals

43

The purpose of play during infancy is to:

aid exploration of the environment

44

The single most important factor in maintaining a healthy pregnancy is:

Early and regular prenatal care

45

What is an example of an adolescent current trend?

Marty, a high school athlete, is taking his grandmother's Vicodin to self-treat a recent back injury.

46

Bonding is necessary for the child to develop:

A sense of trust

47

Parents of children ages 3 to 6 years may need guidance in

making the child feel secure when a newborn arrives

48

A parent who insists that the child stay in his room for the full 4 minute time out and then smiles and hugs the child when the time is up is showing a parenting style that is:

authoritative

49

Growth and development should be monitored regularly for every child to

detect abnormal growth patterns so that early care and treatment of problems can begin.

50

An effective discipline measure for an adolescent is:

restricting social activities for a limited time

taking away the cell phone for 1 week

51

Egocentrism as a characteristic of adolescence is displayed by the teen thinking that

no one has ever experienced a big disappointment like what just happened to him

52

The adolescent who is thinking in logical and abstract ways as he completes a term paper shows

appropriate cognitive development

53

Types of families include nuclear, extended, step, blended, and partner. Because of the high incidence of divorce and remarriage, many more _____________ families have emerged

Blended

54

Young adults are likely to spend leisure time in activities that are:

Physically and mentally demanding and competitive

55

The cognitive development of young adults is aided by

Support of mentors to help identify goals and provide encouragement

56

Failure to develop through Erikson's state of young adulthood will cause the person to be

unable to form meaningful relationships.

57

Example that reflects successful resolution of Erikson's integrity verses despair developmental stage?

I am a gang member because they treat me like family.

58

What health screenings are most appropriate in the middle years of life?

Colon cancer

Hypertension

Diabetes

59

When working with depressed middle aged adults, and following Erikson's theory, you encourage them to find meaning in life by:

Contributing to the development of younger people

60

A 58 year old man complains that he has difficulty remembering everything he wanted to buy when he gets to the store. Your best response would be

Forgetting some things is a common occurrence with aging

61

The psychosocial task of generativity refers to

assisting and guiding the next generation

62

Successful coping with midlife changes are likely when the individual

has a good support system