Fungi reproduce sexually
when conditions are stressful
The skin and central nervous system develop from
In deuterostomes the blastopore develops into the
Which group has indeterminate cleavage?
Jaws first occurred in which extant group of fishes?
Which group's members have had both lungs and gills during their adult lives?
What species are amniotes?
Reptiles, birds, and mammals
Why is the amniotic egg considered an important evolutionary breakthrough?
It allows deposition of eggs in a terrestrial environment
Which characteristic added most to vertebrate success in relatively dry environments?
The shelled, amniotic egg
Which of the following is most closely related to crocodiles?
What are the only extant animals that descended directly from dinosaurs?
A maggot is more correctly called a
Internal fertilization, leathery amniotic egg, and skin that resists drying are characteristics of
This group can use their skin for significant gas exchange
Which of the following is an ecdysozoan?
Lungs and the digestive system develop from
This group has ONE pair of antennae
This group has one pair of legs per body segment
Which fish is most closely related to tetrapods?
What are the most abundant and diverse (in terms of number of species) of the extant vertebrates?
What is the single unique characteristic that distinguishes extant (not extinct) birds from other extant vertebrates?
Which of the following traits evolved first in hominids?
These hominids lived in Europe along with Homo sapiens
What is the most specific group that includes both the Old World monkeys and the New World monkeys?
This is the first group to appear in the fossil record that can truly be called a vertebrate
All chordates are vertebrates
all vertebrates are chordates
insects have __________pair(s) of wings
In order for the four-chambered hearts of birds and mammals to be homologous, which other organisms would have to have had four-chambered hearts?
stem (very early) reptiles
Vertebrates and tunicates (sea squirts, Urochordata) share
a notochord and a dorsal, hollow nerve cord
Some animals that lived 530 mya resembled lancelets but had a brain and a skull. These animals may represent
As hominins diverged from other primates, which of the following appeared first?
I, like Professor Stevens, am an African American because my ancestors evolved in Africa
A fungal pathogen is just one of several causes for the alarming decline in which group of vertebrates
Chordates have a _____________ nerve cord
Lungs and the digestive system evolve from which layer?
Animals that have eggs, but the eggs develop inside their mother (as in some sharks), and the young hatch from the egg while it is still inside the mother are called
One of these things is not an archosaur. Who is it?
Which group of mammals gives birth to live young that are very immature and spend most of their early development attached to a nipple drinking milk
At one stage of early development, you were shaped like a hollow ball. This hollow ball shaped stage is called a
This thing belongs to which group?
The fungus body, such as a mushroom, is called a ____________
This type of fungus is killing our beloved frogs _________________
Deuterostomes have this type of cleavage_____________
Fungi have cell walls made of _______________
Chelicerata have _________ pairs of antennae
The sessile stage of a jellyfish is called ______________
Molting, as when a caterpillar sheds its exoskeleton, is known as____________
A cocoon that larvae form before complete metamorphosis is better known as a_________
This is one feature birds and dinosaurs share_____________
feathers (many more possible answers)
Birds closest relatives were____________
Egg laying mammals are called
Kangaroos have a tripartite (3 part)______________
Sharks have skeletons made of ____________
Amphibian skin is ______________
Fish and other vertebrates that have jaws are called_____________
__________________is the weedkiller that Tyrone Hayes found to chemically castrate frogs
The______________surrounds the embryo and holds water in reptiles, birds, and mammals
The ___________is the membrane that stores waste in embryonic birds and reptiles