Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Flashcards


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1

Assimilation

taking in new information or experiences and incorporating them into our exsisting ideas

2

Accomodation

altering one's existing ideas as a result of new information or new experiences

3

Stage one: Sensori motor-birth to 2 years

object permanence and goal direct behaviour

4

Stage two:pre operational-2 to 7 years

conservation not achieved, centration, transformation, egocentrism (develops in this stage) and animism

5

Stage three: Concrete operational

7 to 12 years

6

Stage three: Concrete operational

conservation achieved, reversability and classification

7

Stage three: Concrete operational-

Logical thinking and abstract thinking

8

Object permenance

the knowledege that objects continue to exsist even if they cant be seen

9

goal directed behaviour

to try to achieve something with purpose

10

centration

the ability to focus on only one aspect of a stimulus at a time. it is the reason children at this age get conservation tasks incorrect

11

egocentrism

the inability to see things from someone else's perspective

12

conservation

the understanding that an object remains the same even if the appearance changes

13

animism

the tendancy to believe that all things have a consciousness

14

classification

the ability to group things together according to simular features

15

reversability

the ability to trace things back to their original starting point

16

logical thinking

ability to plan and to solve problems

17

abstract thinking

ability to think about and understand concepts without acctually seeing them

18

Birth through ages 18-24 months

Sensorimotor Stage

19

Sensorimotor Stage

infants are only aware of what is immediately in front of them.

20

Between ages 7 and 9 months,

infants begin to realize that an object exists even if it can no longer be seen.

21

Sensorimotor Stage

After infants start crawling, standing, and walking, their increased physical mobility leads to increased cognitive development

22

(18-24 months),

infants reach another important milestone -- early language development,

23

Preoperational Stage

toddler through age 7

24

Preoperational Stage

toddler through age 7

25

Preoperational Stage

develop memory and imagination

26

Preoperational Stage

understand the difference between past and future

27

Preoperational Stage

engage in make-believe.

28

Preoperational Stage

thinking is based on intuition and still not completely logical.

29

Preoperational Stage

cannot yet grasp more complex concepts such as cause and effect, time, and comparison.

30

Preoperational Stage

understand the difference between past and future

31

Concrete Operational Stage

ages 7 to 11

32

Concrete Operational Stage

demonstrate logical, concrete reasoning.

33

Concrete Operational Stage

Children's thinking becomes less egocentric and they are increasingly aware of external events.

34

Concrete Operational Stage

begin to realize that one's own thoughts and feelings are unique and may not be shared by others or may not even be part of reality.

35

Formal Operational Stage

are able to logically use symbols related to abstract concepts, such as algebra and science

36

Formal Operational Stage

11-plus

37

Formal Operational Stage

can think about multiple variables in systematic ways, formulate hypotheses, and consider possibilities.

38

Formal Operational Stage

ponder abstract relationships and concepts such as justice.

39

Formal Operational Stage

the final stage of cognitive development, and that continued intellectual development in adults depends on the accumulation of knowledge.