Micro Bio Chp 1 Exam 1

Helpfulness: +1
Set Details Share
created 5 years ago by salinadanley7
17,482 views
book cover
Microbiology
Chapter 1
Medical Micro Kingwood Tx
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek was the first person in history to ____ ?

view microorganisms & record theses observations

2

The Microbes commonly know as ________ are single-celled eukaryotes that are generally motile.

Protozoa

3

Which of the following statements about algae is FALSE?

They are important in the degradation of dead plants and animals.

4

Louis Pasteur demonstrated that fermentation to produce alcohol is caused by _____ .

Facultative anaerobes

5

Which of the following scientists provided evidence in favor of the concept of spontaneous generation?

Needham

6

Pasteur's experiments on fermentation laid the foundation for ____

industrial microbiology

7

Which of the following statements about fungi is FALSE?

Fungi are photosynthetic

8

Which of the following statements concerning Koch's postulates is FALSE?

The suspected pathogen may not be present in all cases of the disease being studied

9

Which of the following individuals pioneered the use of chemicals to reduce the incidence of infections during surgery?

Lister

10

The study of the bodies defenses against pathogens is called ____ ?

immunology

11

Which of the following questions largely stimulated the research of microbes during what is known as the Golden Age of Microbiology?

What causes diseases, and is spontaneous generation of microbes possible?

12

Parasitic worms, even meters-long tapeworms, are studied in microbiology because?

diagnosis usually involves microscopic examination of patient samples

13

What scientist first hypothesized that gene sequences could provide new insights into evolutionary relationships among all organisms (including microbes)?

Pauling

14

Work by _____ laid the foundations of the field of environmental microbiology.

Beijerinck and Winogradsky

15

According to Kluyver and Van Niel which of the following are true of basic biochemical reactions?

Basic biochemical reactions shared by all living things primarily involve transfer of electrons and hydrogen ions.

16

Semmelweis advocated hand washing as a method of preventing which of the following diseases?

puerperal fever

17

Paul Ehrlich used chemotherapy to treat?

Syphilis

18

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of viruses?

They are visible with a light microscope

19

The first true vaccine protected against disease caused by an ______ pathogen.

viral

20

All of the following individuals were involved in improving public health in the 19th century EXCEPT.

Spallanzani

21

Which of the following types of microbe was NOT observed by Leeuwenhoek?

Virus

22

Inserting a gene from the hepatitis B virus into yeast so that the yeast produces a viral protein is an example of ?

Genetic Engineering

23

Which of the following was NOT an aspect of Pasteur's experiments to disprove spontaneous generation?

the flasks he used were sealed with corks

24

Identification of bacteria in the laboratory usually begins with the _____ for placement in one of two large groups of bacteria.

Gram stain

25

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of protozoa?

they are all photosynthetic

26

Whose search for chemicals that would kill microbes without harming humans was the foundation of chemotherapy?

Ehrilich

27

Which of the following is NOT an observation Pasteur made concerning the fermentation of grape juice?

Pasteurization kills yeast to prevent spoilage of grape juice

28

What is the correct order for the application of Kochs postulates?

III, II, I, IV

29

John Snow's research during a cholera outbreak in london laid the foundation for which of the following branches of microbiology?

both infection control and epidemiology

30

Robert Koch was involved in research on all of the following topics EXPECT?

the cause of fermentation

31

Which of the following are an incorrect pairing?

protozoa; multicellular

32

What was the first disease shown to be bacterial in origin?

Anthrax

33

The work of Lister, Nightingale, and Semmelweis all contributed to controlling infectious disease by

developing methods for reducing nosocomial infections

34

Who discovered penicillin?

Fleming

35

All of the following were involved in developing the germ theory of disease EXCEPT?

Pauling

36

Microorganisms characterized by the absence of a nucleus are called

prokayotes

37

The term that literally means "against putrefaction" is

antisepsis

38

The term ____ refers to an infection acquired in a health care setting.

nosocomial

39

What must one have before designing and conducting experiments?

A hypothesis

40

Who demonstrated that fermentation could occur in the absence of intact cells?

Buchner

41

The term for the use of microorganisms to restore damaged environments is

bioremediation

42

The term ______ involves the study of the blood components that fight infection

serology`

43

The study of the occurrence, distribution, and spread of disease is known as

epidemiology

44

The amateur scientist (Koch/Leeuwenhoek/Pasteur) made his own microscope and first reported the existence of microbes.

Leeuwenhoek

45

A cell that contains a nucleus is called an ( prokaryotic / archaeal/ eukaryotic) cell.

Eukaryotic

46

A (photosynthetic/ algae/ plant) organism makes its own food using light energy.

photosynthetic

47

Microbes that cause infectious disease are called (pathogens/germs/viruses).

Pathogens

48

The desire to prevent (infection/disease/sepsis), literally "putrefaction" resulted in many developments leading to modern medicine.

Sepsis

49

A scientist conducts experiments to test an (observation/hypothesis/therory).

Hypothesis

50

The development of molecular biology has made possible the application of (genome sequencing/gene sequences/gene sequencing) to provide a better understanding of the relationships between organisms.

Gene sequencing

51

Research done in robert lochs laboratory laid the foundation for (epidemiology/immunology/etiology), the study of the cases of disease in animals.

Immunology

52

A (colony/habitat/biofilm) is a community of microbes growing on surfaces.

Biofilm

53

Spallanzanis experiments contradicted the experiments of (Needham/Redi/Pasteur) on spontaneous generation.

Needham

54

Semmelweis demonstrated the importance of (antisepsis/vaccination/washing) as a means of preventing disease transmission.

Washing

55

A term synonymous with immunization, (vaccination/infection) is derived from the Latin name of the cowpox virus.

Vaccination

56

The use of chemicals to treat diseases such as bacterial infections is called ( gene therapy/chemotherapy).

Chemotherapy

57

Organisms such as bacteria that can convert atmospheric nitrogen into nitrate are often studied in (environmental/bioremediation/ecologic) microbiology.

Environmental

58

The (physiology/metabolism) of an organism is all the chemical reactions that take place in the organism.

Metabolism

59

Radioactive iodine is sometimes used to treat thyroid cancer. This is an example of the use of (isotopes/elements/radiation) in medical treatment.

Isotopes

60

The phosphorylation of a protein by ATP is an (exchange/transfer) reaction.

Exchange

61

Cell surface markers composed of both carbohydrate and lipid molecules are know as (glycoproteins/glycolipids/LPS).

Glycolipids