Chapter 7 Flashcards


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1

True or False, Groups that stay within the political mainstream tend to be more infuential

T

2

Most PACs are registered with the Federal Election Commission

T

3

PACs are especially significant at the national level for presidential campaigns

F

4

The Influence of agricultural organization has been on the rise since the Reagan administration

F

5

Less than two percent of the African American population belongs to the NAACP

T

6

The influence of the Christian Right declined dramatically in the late 1980s

T

7

When parties recruit and train political leaders, they are performing one of their electoral functions

T

8

Political parties are formally sanctified in Article II, Section 4 of the constitution

F

9

The Democratic Party was the first truly national party

T

10

A system of proportional representation encourages the development of a two party system

F

11

Third parties have had very little influence on the American political system

F

12

The relationship between the national, state, and local level party organizations follows a strict hierarchical pattern

F

13

Throughout the 1970s and 1980s party discipline and coordinations seemed to deteriorate

T

14

The increase in the number of single-issue interest groups has contributed to the resurgence of political parties based on new coalitions

F

15

The political parties have shown a keen ability to eventually adapt to changing circumstances

T

16

What theory sees power as dispersed among many different centers of power?

pluralism

17

The more politically influential groups of in America tend to be ___________.

mainstream

18

What is the major means by which interest groups try to create public support or sympathy for their political goals?

The mass media

19

The Federal Election Act of 1974 set the limit on individual contributions to candidates at ______

$1,000

20

Which of the following is true about lobbyists?

They are important channels by which PAC money get to legislators

21

What does the iron triangle of American politics consist of?

interest group representatives, legislators, and administrators

22

Regarding the judicial process, interest groups

use class action suits to further their causes

23

Which is true of the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organization?

It spearheads political activity on behalf of organizaed labor

24

Which of the following statements about the National Organization for Women is false?

It is not actively involved in electoral politics

25

Which of the following is true of most African Americans?

They support the Democratic Party

26

In recent years, what has been the most important political issue concerning religious groups?

abortions

27

What does the term Americans for Democratic Action stand for?

ideological group

28

Which of the following is an example of a single-issue group?

National Right-to-Life Commitee

29

Which factor helps contribute to stability in the American system of interest group politics?

cross cutting cleavages

30

When a pluralistic system becomes paralyzed when too many interest groups refuse to compromise this is known as

interest group gridlock

31

What is the main difference between groups and parties?

interest groups do not run candidates for public office

32

All except which of the following are socialization functions of political parties?

giving coherence to governmental policy

33

All except which of the following are electoral functions of political parties?

educating citizens of mobilizing them into political action

34

Each party system evolved from predecessor in a relatively short period of political turmoil and change called

realignment

35

Which was the first truly political party?

Democratic Party

36

What was the underlying cause for the shift from the Fourth American Party System to the Fifth?

The Great Depression

37

Since 1968, where has the most dramatic shift in voting patterns been?

the South

38

A multiparty system is most likely to occur when the electoral system is based on _________.

proportional representation

39

Which of the following is true of third parties in the American political system?

They have forced the major parties to address important issues

40

All EXCEPT which of the following activities occur in the party's national convention?

choosing the party's congressional leaders

41

Which of the following statements about the party in the electorate is FALSE?

Party identification is very stable over time

42

Which of the following is part of the evidence that politics and parties were in decline by the 1970s and 1980s?

a decrease in the percentage of people who identified with a politica party

43

Which of the following is considered a cause of party decline?

the rise of public welfare system

44

Which of the following is not a consequence of party decline?

Power becomes more centralized

45

Which of the following facts is evidence that the party in government is in resurgence?

Congressional campaign committees have been strengthened

46

Federalism no 10

Federal election act of 1974

Iron triangle

class action suits

melting pot

Abortion

cross cutting cleavage

gridlock

socialization

realignment

Whig

plurality

platform

coalition

republicanism

...

47

James Madison wrote in ___________ about the dangers of fractions

Federalism No. 10

48

PACs blossomed into prominence as a result of the

Federal election act of 1974

49

Interest groups legislators, and administrators are sometimes called the _____________ of American politics

iron triangle

50

America has been known as the ____________ society because it consists of people of people of all races and nationalities

class action suits

51

No issue in recent years has drawn religious groups more into political fray than

abortion

52

The tendency for different coalition of interest groups refusing to compromise develops, the situation is called an interest group

cross cutting cleavage

53

When overabundance of interest groups refusing to compromised develops, the situation is called an interest group

gridlock

54

One of the _________ functions of parties to educate citizens and mobalize

socialization

55

A change in party systems occurs after a short period of political turmoil and exchange called ___________

Realignment

56

In the 2nd American Party System, the spiritual descendant of the Federalist Party was the ______________ party

Whig

57

One of the major reasons why the United states has a two-[arty system is because of system of __________ elections

plurality

58

A statement of political party's proposed program is called its

platform

59

All of the groups of people who together make up the main supporters of a particular party are called the party's __________

coalition

60

The increase in party identification since 1978 has primarily benefited the ________________ party.

Republican