HESI A2- Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 7 Quiz

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1

Which of the following statements is anatomically correct?

A. The knee is distal to the ankle.

B. The heart is inferior to the diaphragm.

C. The hip is proximal to the knee.

D. The wrist is proximal to the elbow.

C

2

If you wanted to separate the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity, which plane would you use?

A. Sagittal

B. Transverse

C. Frontal

D. Coronal

B

3

You have been given a sample of tissue that has pillar-shaped cells arranged tightly together. The tissue you have is:

A. Squamous epithelium

B. Cuboidal epithelium

C. Columnar epithelium

D. Transitional epithelium

C

4

The epidermis is classified as a(n):

A. Cell

B. Tissue

C. Organ

D. System

B

5

The orthopedic surgeon informs you that you have broken the middle region of the humerus. What area is he describing?

A. Epiphysis

B. Articular cartilage

C. Perichondrium

D. Diaphysis

D

6

Going from superior to inferior, the sequence of the vertebral column is:

A. Sacral, coccyx, thoracic, lumbar, and cervical

B. Coccyx, sacral, lumbar, thoracic, and cervical

C. Cervical, lumbar, thoracic, sacral, and coccyx

D. Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx

D

7

Which of the following is true of skeletal muscle? (Select all that apply.)

A. Skeletal muscle comprises 10% of the body's weight.

B. Skeletal muscle attaches to bones by tendons.

C. Muscle contraction helps keep the body warm.

D. Skeletal muscles continuously contract to maintain posture.

B, C, D

8

If an impulse is traveling from a sense receptor toward the spinal cord, it is traveling along what type of neuron?

A. Motor neuron

B. Sensory neuron

C. Interneuron

D. Bipolar neuron

B

9

What does the parathyroid hormone regulate?

A. Magnesium

B. Calcium

C. Calcitonin

D. Glucocorticoids

B

10

Where are the pressoreceptors and chemoreceptors (specialized sensory nerves that assist with the regulation of circulation and respiration) located?

A. Circle of Willis

B. Cerebral arteries

C. Abdominal aorta

D. Carotid body

D

11

Bile is secreted into which organ?

A. Small intestine

B. Liver

C. Large intestine

D. Stomach

B

12

What is the role of progesterone in the female reproductive system?

A. Stimulates ovulation

B. Conversion of the follicle to the corpus lutem

C. Stimulates the development of the endometrium

D. Stimulates the start of the menstruation

C