HESI A2-Vocabulary Practice Test Part 1

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1

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The nurse called the doctor when the patient's condition began to deteriorate.

A. grow

B. improve

C. worsen

D. clarify

C

2

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The patient was diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder.

A. rule

B. system

C. organization

D. illness

D

3

Select the word that means “brief, to the point.”

The teacher's instructions were concise, so the student was able to complete the project in a reasonable period of time.

A. period

B. concise

C. complete

D. reasonable

B

4

What word meaning “once a year” fits best in the sentence?

The __________ family reunion picnic was held at the Jones farm instead of the county park.

A. regular

B. annual

C. biennial

D. holiday

B

5

Docile is best defined as being __________.

A. defiant

B. disobedient

C. firm

D. compliant

D

6

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

Because the patient had an occluded artery, the physician decided to perform cardiovascular surgery.

A. Obstructed

B. Open

C. Broken

D. Cloudy

A

7

Select the word that means “an undesired problem that is the result of some other event.”

The complication of the surgery caused the patient to remain in the hospital to have an additional complement of testing procedures implemented.

A. Complication

B. Complement

C. Procedures

D. Implemented

A

8

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The dog developed bilateral weakness in its hindquarters, so the veterinarian created a wheeled cart to help the dog walk.

A. Present on two sides

B. Available for exercise

C. Affecting the left side

D. Affecting the right side

A

9

Select the correct definition of the underlined word.

The doctor's prognosis gave the patient and his family reason to feel optimistic about the surgery.

A. Instructions

B. Estimate

C. Behavior

D. Outcome statement

D

10

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The child developed a labile condition that worried the parents, so they brought the child to the doctor's office for a checkup.

A. Fevered

B. Volatile

C. Stomach

D. Vision

B

11

The nurse noted in the chart, “The patient is lethargic.” How was the patient behaving?

A. Pacing the halls, yelling at the staff

B. Difficult to arouse

C. Shaking uncontrollably

D. Not responding to painful stimuli

B

12

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The doctor made an initial examination of the patient.

A. Complete

B. First

C. Incomplete

D. Discharge

B

13

Select the word or phrase that will identify the correct meaning of the underlined word.

Progeny is a term used to describe a person's __________.

A. creditors

B. offspring

C. hereditary disease

D. health status

B

14

What is the best description for the word distal?

A. The part of the heart that receives blood from the lungs

B. Urgent

C. The part of the body farthest from the injury

D. Empathetic

C

15

Select the correct definition of the underlined word.

The incidence of smoking has decreased in recent years because of the effectiveness of advertising campaigns.

A. Prestige

B. Glamour

C. Occurrence

D. Influence

C

16

Which word is not spelled correctly in the context of the sentence?

The ICU nurse-manger wanted all staff to sign the letter complaining about working hours at the unit.

A. ICU

B. sign

C. manger

D. complaining

C

17

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

When examined, the laboring mother was at 50% dilation.

A. Blood pressure

B. Cervical opening

C. Birth process

D. Exhumation

B

18

Which word is not spelled correctly in the context of this sentence?

The nurse went form room to room looking for the missing patient.

A. patient

B. form

C. nurse

D. missing

B

19

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

To alleviate his pain, the nurse gave the patient a PRN medication.

A. Pinpoint

B. Relocate

C. Eradicate

D. Reduce

D

20

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

Being bilingual is an advantage for a nurse.

A. Able to speak more than one language

B. Able to use either hand with equal skill and ease

C. Not squeamish when seeing blood

D. Can remember everything that is read

A

21

What is the best description for the term fracture?

A. Break

B. Brake

C. Cut

D. Cure

A

22

Which word is not spelled correctly in the context of the sentence?

The physician thought it was unecessary to explain the procedure.

A. physician

B. unecessary

C. explain

D. procedure

B

23

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

Exogenous factors will affect the patient's well-being.

A. Produced outside the body

B. Produced within the body

C. Produced by the kidneys

D. Hereditary

A

24

To implement something is to _______________.

A. prevent it from occurring

B. emphasize the importance of

C. cause it to happen

D. follow from beginning to end

C

25

Posterior refers to which part of the body?

A. Topmost

B. Lowermost

C. Front

D. Back

D

26

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The precipitous change was considered a good thing.

A. Difficult

B. Abrupt

C. Gentle

D. Unanticipated

B

27

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

His untoward actions during the admission process created a problem for the nurse.

A. Violent

B. Casual

C. Unseemly

D. Capricious

C

28

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The practical nurse is planning to administer a transdermal medication.

A. Applied directly to the skin

B. Injected just barely under the skin

C. Injected in the tissue just below the skin layer

D. Directly under the tongue

A

29

Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The potent medication reduced the symptoms almost immediately.

A. Correct

B. Strong

C. Liquid

D. Tablet

B

30

Which word can be defined as a truth, a rule, or a law?

A. Prescription

B. Tort

C. Principle

D. Malpractice

C