Chapter 4

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Political Ideologies
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1

To what can the intellectual roots of libertarianism be treated?

classical libertariansim

2

Democratic socialists believe in

A limit, on individual wealth and property, equality of results, extensive government regulation of the economy

3

Which of the following statements about contemporary conservatives is false?

They defend economic individuals against the growth of the welfare state

They believe that the state must promote virtue and social responsibility

They challenge the idea of quotas and other affirmative action policies

The oppose the use of popular referendum and other means of direct democracy

The oppose the use of popular referendum and other means of direct democracy

4

Which of the following do contemporary socialists favor?

A massive public works program for rebuilding American's infrastructure

5

Neoconservatives _____.

Stress policies that lower taxes on large income

6

According to William Graham Sumner, what two chief things does government have to deal with?

The property of men and the honor of women

7

Which of the following is true about John Adams?

He agreed with Burke's association of property rights with landed aristocracy

He believed that laws and government are needed to promote public virtue and curb private greed

He supported Jefferson's notion of the natural goodness of humankind

He called for universal manhood suffrage

He believed that laws and government are needed to promote public virtue and curb private greed

8

Neoliberals

Favor policies that call for greater government and business cooperation

9

New Deal contemporary liberalism

Is based on the belief that government should provide basic material gurantees for every individual

10

What did Edmund Burke believe?

Society grew slowly and with purpose

11

In the areas of national security and personal morality, liberals ________.

Are likely to oppose military interventions as the main approach to foreign policy

12

Which of the following classical liberal beliefs did populism and progressivism oppose?

The role of government should be limited

13

Classical liberals such as Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson believed _______.

That liberty was the absence of government interference with the rights of citizens

14

Radical ideologies such as democratic socialism and libertarianism ______.

challenge much of the existing social and political order

15

Libertarians would support the repeal of laws forbidding prostitution, pronagraphy, and gambling

True

16

According to John Locke's contract theory of the state, which of the following is true?

The state gains its legitimacy from the consent of the governed

17

With what is political ideology concerned?

Proper functions of government, issues of liberty and equality, distribution of goods and services

18

Democratic socialism essentially supports the democratic process and the ideas of capitalism

False

19

Contemporary conservatism remains essentially an ideology of the wealthy upper class?

False

20

Edmund Burke believed that inequality among men meant that a ruling class of ability and property must control government

True

21

Contemporary liberals believe that a strong central government is necessary to reduce economic inequalities and enhance personal morality

False

22

Early Americian conservatives believed that only men who owned property should be allowed to vote

True

23

Neoliberals have repudiated the New Deal and Great Society legacies while emphasizing the promotion of wealth

False

24

Populists and progressive advocated economic reforms that would strengthen the government's role

True

25

Both liberals and conservatives accept most of the economic reforms of the New Deal

True