The U.S. social welfare system differs markedly from those of Western European democracies, a situation that is attributable in large part to America's
Cultural emphasis on individualism, and federal system of government.
The poverty line is defined as
Three times the annual cost of a thrifty food budget for an urban family of four.
According to survey data,
Most Americans believe that welfare recipients could get along without assistance if they tried.
__________ has the highest child poverty rate among the major industrialized nations.
The United States.
The bureaucratic costs of welfare are substantially lower in Europe because most European countries
Have unitary rather than federal systems.
Poverty is a condition that today affects roughly on in __________ Americans.
__________ was terminated in 1996.
The term entitlement refers to a program
That requires the payment of benefits to any individual who meets the eligibility criteria.
The EITC (Earned Income Tax Credit) represents a reallocation of income to
Lower-income working individuals.
Franklin D. roosevelt's New Deal represented the concept of __________ government.
The defining characteristic of a social insurance program is that
Eligibility is restricted to individuals who paid special payroll taxes during their working years.
Social insurance programs have high levels of public support because
Of their self-financing feature.
The Social Security benefits that today's retirees receive are funded primarily by
Payroll taxes on people who are currently working.
The term means test refers to
Whether an applicant's income is low enough to qualify for public assistance.
The child poverty rate in the Unites States is about
The Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program was unpopular in part because of
Its public perception of welfare dependency and irresponsibility.
The Food Stamps program is
-Criticized because some believe it allows undeserving people to get aid.
-Criticized because some think it stigmatizes its users by identifying them publicly as welfare cases.
-An in-kind benefit.
-Criticized because some think it is too costly.
**All these answers are correct.
Which of the following is true of social security and Medicar
Families in the top fifth of the income population receive more in social security and Medicare benefits than the government spends in total on TANF, SSI, food stamps, and housing subsidies for the poor.
In __________, Congress added a prescription drug benefit to Medicare.
__________ orchestrated the Great Society programs of the 1960s.
The major reason social security is likely to be the topic of reform is because
The number of workers may not bring in enough money to cover the benefits of a growing number of retirees.
Medicare was enacted into law during the administration of
**None of these answers is correct.
The poverty line in 2009 was set at roughly __________ for an urban family of four.
The unemployment insurance program is
Run jointly by federal and state governments.
In contrast with Medicare, the Medicaid program is
A public assistance program.