MOR 366 - Funeral Pathology - Lesson 4.4

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DMACC Mortuary Science Ankeny, IA
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1

Subdural hemorrhage

Hemorrhage beneath the dura mater (outer layer of meninges).

2

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Hemorrhage into the subarachnoid space of the brain, usually because of the rupture of an intracranial aneurysm.

3

Meningitis

Inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord or brain.

4

Hydrocephalus

Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain.

5

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain, specifically the white and gray matter of the brain.

6

Myelitis

Inflammation of all or a part of the spinal cord.

7

Poliomyelitis

Inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord as a result of a viral infection.

8

Neuritis

Inflammation of a nerve.

9

Epilepsy

A chronic neurogenic disease marked by sudden alteration in consciousness and frequented by convulsions.

10

Rabies

A fatal infection of the central nervous system (CNS) caused by the rabies virus.

11

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

A chronic disease of the central nervous system (CNS) in which there is destruction of myelin (the outer coverings around the nerve fibers).

12

Parkinson's disease

Chronic degenerative condition characterized by slow spreading tremors, muscle rigidity and slow speech.

13

Alzheimer's disease

A chronic, progressive, degenerative cognitive disorder that causes deterioration in thinking and everyday functioning among the elderly.

14

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)

Degeneration of the central nervous system leading to dementia.

15

Cerebral palsy

An umbrella term for a group of nonprogressive but frequently changing motor impairment syndromes secondary to lesions or anomalies of the brain arising in the early stages of its development.

16

Cerebrovascular accident (CVA or Stroke)

A sudden loss of neurological function, caused by vascular injury (loss of blood flow) to an area of the brain; Permanent damage to the brain due to a circulatory interruption.

17

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

A neurologic deficit, having a reversible vascular cause, that produces stroke symptoms that resolve within 24 hours.

18

Contusion

A bruise often accompanied by swelling.

19

Concussion

The immediate and temporary disturbance of brain function as a result of trauma.

20

Extradural (Epidural) hemorrhage

A hemorrhage that occurs outside the dura mater of the cranium.

21

Intracranial hemorrhage

Hemorrhage into the cranium.