MOR 366 - Funeral Pathology - Lesson 3.2

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DMACC Mortuary Science Ankeny, IA
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1

Anemia

A decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or both.

2

Leukocytosis

Increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood.

3

Leukemia

A malignancy of the hematopoietic tissues characterized by a massive increase in the number of white blood cells present in the body.

4

Leukopenia

Abnormal reduction in the number of white blood cells in the blood.

5

Erythrocytosis

(Historically referred to as "polycythemia vera" - you will not see this term on an exam)

An increase in the number of red blood cells.

6

Hemophilia

A hereditary bleeding disorder marked by a deficiency of blood-clotting proteins.

7

Dilatation (Dilation)

The condition of the heart being enlarged due to stretching as a result of disease.

8

Valvular insufficiency (Incompetence)

Failure of a heart valve to close tightly, thus allowing regurgitation of blood.

9

Stenosis

Abnormal constriction of a passageway or orifice.

10

Pericarditis

Inflammation of the pericardium.

11

Myocarditis

Inflammation of the heart muscle.

12

Myocardial infarction (Heart attack)

Formation of an area of necrosis (infarct) in the heart muscle; commonly referred to as a heart attack.

13

Congestive heart failure

Condition in which the heart cannot sufficiently pump out as much blood as the venous system supplies it, resulting in the congestion of blood in the ventricles and throughout the body.

14

Arteriosclerosis

A disease of the arteries resulting in thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls.

15

Phlebitis

Inflammation of a vein.

16

Varicose veins

Enlarged, often twisted veins deformed by excessive venous blood pressure; usually found in the legs.

17

Coronary artery disease

Narrowing of the coronary arteries, usually as a result of arteriosclerosis.

18

Atherosclerosis

A form of arteriosclerosis marked by the deposition of lipids in the inner layer of arterial walls.

19

Thrombosis

The formation or presence of an attached blood clot.

20

Hypertrophy

The enlargement of an organ or structure due to the increase in the SIZE of the cells composing it.

21

Arteritis

Inflammation of an artery.

22

Aneurysm

A localized dilation of a blood vessel.