Test Review

Helpfulness: +1
Set Details Share
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Respiration

  1. Pulmonary ventilation (inhaling)
  2. External (when oxygen leaves air sacs of lungs and enters B.S.
  3. Transport of gases (Oxygen from lungs to tissue)
  4. Internal - (Oxygen diffuses from blood to tissues)
2

Paranasal Sinuses

located in frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, and maxillary bones

3

Vibrissae

noise hairs that filter

4

Right Lung

Made of of 3 lobes

5

Left Lung

made up of 2 lobes and Cardiac Notch

6

True Vocal chords

involved with making sound and appear white

7

False vocal chords

do not make sound

help close off glottis

8

Boyle's Law

relationship betwen pressure and volume of gas

volume (up) = pressure (down) and Volume (down)= Pressure (up)

9

Respiratory Bronchioles

start the respiratory zone

10

Aveoli

Make up aveolar sac

11

Mediastensum

Always middle of chest

12

Surfactant

Destroys or neutralizes surface tension

13

What do Lymphnodes do?

Filter lymph

14

White pulp

White blood cells

15

Red Pulp

Red blood cells

16

Fetus gets red blood cells from:

Spleen produces first red blood cells but now as adult it is produced by red bone marrow

17

Thymus gland

almost gone once into adulthood because immune system fully intact

18

Tonsils

Trap bacteria mechanically and does not filter lymph

19

Uvula

Part of the nasapharynx closes off nasal cavity when swallowing

20

Type I Aveoli

Simple Squamos

21

Type II Aveoli

Produce Surfactant

22

Visceral Pleura

Parietal

23

Atelactosis

Collapsed Lung

24

Pneumorthrax

Allowing Air in the pleural cavity which leads to collapsed lung

25

98% oxygen carried by?

Hemoglobulin

26

10% carbin dioxide

Carried dissolved gas

27

Oxygen Hemoglobulin

Formed in lungs

28

Oxygen hemoglobulin

breaks down into tissue

29

Thoracic Duct

Empties lymph inside of the Left subclavian vein

30

Right lymphatic Duct

Empties chime into the right subclavian vein

31

T Lymphocytes

Program B lymphocytes

32

B Lymphocytes

become plasma cells & produce antibodies

33

What do lymph nodes do?

Filter lymph

34

Efferent Lymphatic Vessels

Carry lymph Out (E)xit

35

Afferent Lymphatic vessels

Carry lymph In

36

Lymph nodes have 2 basic funtions

  1. filtration
  2. immune system activation
37

Metastassizeing

carrying Cancer from one place to the other (spreading throughout body)

38

Why men have deeper voice

Male hormones make vocal chords larger than women

39

Order of nasal cavity

behind nasal cavity

nasal pharynx behind mouth

oral pharynx

in throat and then your laryngopharynx

40

Very last tube that makes up conducting zone

Terminal bronchial tubes

41

what tubes makes up first part of respiratory zone

respiratory bronchial tubes

42

Difference between Type I and Type II Aveoli cells?

Type I make of the wall of the Aveoli - Simple squamos

Type II - produce surfactant (more complex)

43

what effect does surfactant have on water

Destroys the surface tension and causes it to fall away or separate

also keeps the membranes moist

44

Parietal Pleura

Bag that contains lung (between the visceral and the parietal you have the pleural cavity between them)

45

Visceral Pleura

Outermost membrane

46

Serous Membrane

Serous fluid

47

20% of carmninohemoglobin

...

48

drawings p 833

  1. Where is oxyhemoglobin formed?
  2. Where does oxyhemoglobin break down?
  3. Carbonimohemoglobin

3 questions

  1. Formed in lungs
  2. breaks down in tissues
  3. Formed in tissue and breaks down capillaries in lungs
49

Where did the bicarbonate iron shift into the red blood cells?

In the aveoli of the lungs

50

Where do bicarbonate ions shift in the red blood cells? p. 833

In the lungs

51

Bicarbinate ion shifts out of red blood cell the chloride ion will shift into the red blood cell to keep everything balanced. (If negative charge shifts out a negative charge has to shift in to balance your positive and negative charges.)

...

52

Ventral Respiratory Group

Sets basic rythym of breathing

53

Pontine Respiratory Group

Changes breathing a lot (i.e. exercise)

54

Dorsal Respiratory Group

Changes breathing a little bit (i.e. standing up/walking to bathroom)

55

Respiratory acidosis

Blocked breathing tube

56

Respiratory alkalosis

Hyperventilation

57

LUNG DISEASES

  1. LUNG CANCER
  2. TUBERCULOSIS
  3. CYSTIC FIBROSIS
  4. COPD
  1. leading cause of death both men & women north america
  2. caused by bacterium mycobacterium tuberculosis
  3. abnormal mucus clogs - most common lethal genetic disease
  4. hard to maintain adequate ventilation
58

2 MAJOR TYPES OF COPD (inability to force air out of lungs)

**major cause of disability and death in North America

  1. EMPHYSEMA (PINK PUFFERS)
  2. CHRONIC BRONCHITIS (BLUE BOATERS)
59

***CLINCIAL TERMS - BONUS QUESTIONS ***

EPISTAXIS

- NOSE BLEED

60

NASAL POLYPS

mushroom liked benign growths of the nasal mucosa cause by infections

**some are unknown - may block air flow

61

PNEUMONIA

INFECTIOUS INFLAMMATION OF LUNGS IN WHICH FLUID ACCUMULATES IN THE AVEOLI

**8TH MOST COMMON CAUSE OF DEATH IN US

** MORE THAN 50 VARIETIES OF PNEUMONIA ARE VIRAL OR BACTERIA

62

SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME (SIDS)

SUDDEN DEATH OF APPARENT HEALTHY INFANT DURING SLEEP

63

PULMONARY EMBOLISM

ANEURISM IN YOUR LUNGS

SYMPTOMS - CHEST PAIN, PRODUCTIVE BLOODY COUGH, TACHYCARDIA, RAPID SHALLOW BREATHING

64

CHEYNE-STOKES BREATHING

PERIODS WITH OUT BREATHING - ABOUT TO DIE

65

TRACHEOTOMY

SURGICAL OPENING OF THE TRACHEA

66

STUTTERING

PROBLEM WITH VOICE PRODUCTION WHICH FIRST SYLLABLE IS REPEATED