Human Development: Human Development Flashcards


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Human Development
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updated 8 years ago by rahel
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psychology (life span), psychology, developmental, social science, sociology
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1

The United States

A) is expected to have approximately the same proportion of Latinos by 2050, but far fewer African Americans.

B) is the developed country that will experience the steepest decline in population between now and 2050.

C) has a total fertility rate that is lower than most developed countries due to the availability of birth control.

D) is one of the few developed countries that will experience an increase in population, due largely to immigration.

D

2

If a researcher wanted to measure the socioeconomic status (SES) of her adult participants, she would need to ask them about all of the following EXCEPT their

A) occupational status.

B) income level.

C) number of children.

D) educational level.

C

3

Unlike earlier Homo species, Homo sapiens had

A) a slightly smaller brain.

B) smaller jaws.

C) bigger teeth.

D) much heavier and thicker bones.

B

4

Which of the following occurred during the Neolithic period?

A) People lived an unsettled life and often slept in temporary housing.

B) The domestication of animals developed.

C) The climate got much colder.

D) Humans began to bury their dead for the first time.

B

5

Which of the following best represents the impact of evolution on human development?

A) Instincts reduce humans' capacity for cultural learning more than they reduce animals' capacity for cultural learning.

B) Our development of bipedal locomotion is the most distinctive characteristic of our species.

C) Biologically, humans have changed drastically since the origin of Homo sapiens.

D) Cultures shape the raw material of biology into widely different paths throughout the life span.

D

6

The Dharmashastras are the sacred law books of the ______________ religion that describes four stages of a man's life.

A) Jewish

B) Buddhist

C) Christian

D) Hindu

D

7

The three traditional conceptions of life (in the Dharmashastras, the Talmud, and as proposed by Solon) differ

A) in the level of maturity they attribute to youth.

B) In the way that they divide the life span.

C) in that only one is a view of how we develop if all goes well.

D) in the stage of life when wisdom is evident.

B

8

According to Freud

A) a small percentage of children experience an Oedipus complex that leads them to want to have sexual access to their opposite-sex parents.

B) attachment security is the driving force behind human development throughout life.

C) the root of mental health problems in his patients was that they seemed to have experienced some type of traumatic event during puberty.

D) everything important in development happened before adulthood.

D

9

Although Shanamae makes a good salary in sales, she is questioning whether her work in the retail industry is making a meaningful contribution to society. She is thinking of going back to school to train to be a nurse so that she can give back to society by helping others. According to Erikson, she is in the stage of

A) generativity versus stagnation.

B) ego integrity versus despair.

C) industry versus inferiority.

D) industry versus stagnation.

A

10

The United States' belief in the value of individual freedom as demonstrated in its capitalist economic system and its governmental system of representative democracy reflects which system of Bronfenbrenner's theory?

A) Macrosystem

B) Chronosystem

C) Exosystem

D) Microsystem

A

11

Which statement concerning the developmental period of emerging adulthood is most accurate?

A) Emerging adults are more dependent on their parents than their adolescent counterparts.

B) It is a life stage in which most people have not yet made commitments to the stable roles of love and work that structure adult life.

C) Emerging adulthood is a period that replaces middle age.

D) It is a stage of life that exists mainly in developing countries because people in these countries do not have the resources to assume adult roles at the same pace as their counterparts in developed countries.

B

12

______________ generates hypotheses that can be tested in research.

A) The research design

B) The research method

C) A theory

D) An unbiased sample

C

13

In the famous case of Henrietta Lacks, an African American woman's cancer cells were removed from her cervix without her knowledge by a surgeon right before her death in 1951. Researchers wanted to study these HeLa cells to learn about the genes that cause cancer and those that suppress it. The ethical requirement of ______________ would protect against this happening today.

A) informed consent

B) Confidentiality

C) Deception

D) generalizability of the findings

A

14

Which of the following is true regarding research methods?

A) The strength of the case study approach is the ability to generalize the findings.

B) The ethnographic method allows the researcher to learn how people behave in their daily lives.

C) The most commonly used method in social science research is the open-ended interview.

D) Qualitative data is considered unscientific among most researchers in the field of psychology.

B

15

Which of the following is a problem with cross-sectional research?

A) Participants tend to drop out of the study.

B) It tends to be more expensive to conduct than longitudinal research.

C) It tends to be more time-consuming than longitudinal research.

D) It yields a correlation, which may be difficult to interpret.

D

16

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