Loose Leaf Version for Microbiology: A Systems Approach: Microbiology Chapter 1 Vocabulary Flashcards


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1

Emerging Diseases

  • one that has appeared in a population for the first time
  • or one that previously existed but is rapidly increasing in incidence
2

Pathogens

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  • any agent that causes a disease
  • usually virus, bacterium, fungus, protozoan, or helminth
3

Bioremediation

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  • decomposition of harmful chemicals by microbes or consortia of microbes
4

Genetic Engineering

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  • a field involving deliberate alterations of the genomes of microbes, plants, and animals through special technological processes
5

Algae

  • photosynthetic, plantlike organ that generally lack the complex structure of plants
  • they may be single-celled or multicellular
  • inhabits diverse habitats
6

Macroscopic

  • visible to the naked eye
7

Adapitibility

  • the adjustment of bacterial physiology to a new environment
8

Immunology

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  • the study of the system of body defenses that protect against infection
9

Epidemiology

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  • the study of the factors affecting the prevalence and spread of disease within a community
10

Biotechnology

  • the use of microbes or their products in the commercial or industrial realm
11

Infectious

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  • capable of cause an infection
12

Prokaryote

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  • a single celled organism that does not have special structures such as a nucleus or membranous organelles
  • includes:
    • bacteria
    • archea
13

Eukaryote

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  • a member of the domain Eukarya
  • cells have a well-defined nucleus and membranous organelles
  • includes:
    • plants
    • animals
    • fungi
    • protozoa
    • algae
14

Parasites

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  • an organism that lives on or within another organism from which it obtains nutrients and enjoys protection
  • produces harm to the host
15

Hosts

  • organism in which smaller organisms or viruses live, feed, and reproduce
16

Spontaneous Generation

  • early belief that living things arose from vital forces present in nonliving or decomposing matter
17

Abiogenesis

  • the belief in spontaneous generation as a source of life
18

Biogenesis

  • belief that living things can only arise from others of the same kind