Kinship, Family, and Marriage

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created 6 years ago by tlampela
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updated 6 years ago by tlampela
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1

kinship

a system of meaning and power that cultures great to determine who is related to whom and to define there mutual expectations, rights, and policies

2

nuclear family

the kinship unit of mother, father, and children

3

descent group

a kinship group in which primary relationships are traced through blood relatives

4

lineage

a type of descent group that traces genealogical connection through generation by linger person to a founding ancestor

5

clan

a type of descent group based on a claim to a founding ancestor but lacking genealogical documentation

6

affinal relationship

a kinship relationship establish through marriage and or alliance, not through biology or common descent

7

marriage

a socially recognized relationship that may involve physical and emotional intimacy as well as legal rights to property or inheritance

8

arrange marriage

marriage orchestrated by the families of the involved parties

9

compassionate marriage

marriage built on love, intimacy, and personal choice rather than social obligation

10

polygamy

marriage between one and and two or more women

11

polyandry

marriage between one women and two or more men

12

monogamy

relationship between only two partners

13

incest taboo

cultural rules that forbid sexual relations with certain close relatives

14

exogamy

marriage to someone outside the kinship

15

endogamy

marriage to someone within the kinship

16

bridewealth

the gift of goods or money from the grooms family to the brides family as part of the marriage process

17

dowry

the gift of goods and money from the brides family to the grooms family as part of the marriage process

18

family orientation

the family group in which one is born, grows up, and developes life skills

19

family of procreation

the family group created when one reproduces and within which one rears children