Sociology Chapter 9 Flashcards
The area of common culture along the border between Mexico and the United States.
The maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over a people by a foreign power for an extended period.
Tax breaks, bailouts, direct payments, and grants that the government gives to corporations.
An approach that contends that industrialized nations continue to exploit developing countries for their own gains.
The worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas.
The far-reaching process through which periphery nations move from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies.
A functionalist approach that proposes that modernization and development will gradually improve the lives of people in developing nations.
A commercial organization that is head-quartered in one country but does business throughout the world.
Continuing dependence of former colonies on foreign countries.
The monies that immigrants return to their families of origin.
World System Analysis
The global economy as an interdependent system of economically and politically unequal nations.
The maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over a people by a foreign power for an extended period is referred to as:
In viewing the global economic system as divided between nations that control wealth and those that are controlled and exploited, sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein draws on the:
Which of the following nations would Immanuel Wallerstein classify as a core country within the world economic system:
Which sociological perspective argues that multinational corporations can actually help the developing nations of the world:
the functionalist perspective
Which of the following terms is used by contemporary social scientist to describe the far-reaching process by which peripheral nations move from traditional or less developed societies:
In at least 22 nations around the world, the most affluent 10 percent receives at least what percentage of all income:
Karuna Chanana Ahmed, an anthropologist from India who has studied developing nations, calls which group the most exploited of oppressed people:
Which of the following terms is used to refer to Mexico's large, impoverished majority, most of whom have brown skin and a mixed racial lineage due to intermarriage:
In Mexico, women now constitute what percentage of the labor force:
Which of the following terms refers to the foreign-owned factories established just across the border in Mexico, where the companies that own them don't have to pay taxes or provide insurance or benefits for their workers:
Colonial domination established patterns of economic exploitation leading to former colonies remaining dependent on more industrialized nations. Such continuing dependence and foreign domination are referred to as:
According to Immanuel Wallerstein's analysis, the United States is at the *insert word here* while neighboring Mexico is on the semi periphery of the world economic system.
Wallerstein's world systems analysis is the most widely used version of *insert word here* theory.
These factories are factories found throughout the developing world that are run by multinational corporations.
As *insert word here* industries become a more important part of the international marketplace, many companies have concluded that the low costs of overseas operations more than offset the expense of transmitting information around the world.
Viewed from a *insert word here* perspective, the combination of skilled technology and management provided by multinationals and the relatively cheap labor available in developing nations is ideal for a global enterprise
In 2000 the United Nations launched the *insert word here* ; its objective is to eliminate extreme poverty worldwide by the year 2015.
Modernization theory reflects the *insert word here* perspective.
At the top of the color hierarchy in Mexico are the *insert word here*, the 10 percent of the population who are typically White, well-educated members of the business and intellectual elites, and who have familial roots in Spain.
The term refers to the area of a common culture along the border between Mexico and the United States.