Sociology Chapter 9 Flashcards


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created 8 years ago by CapriciousCiara
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updated 8 years ago by CapriciousCiara
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sociology 101
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1

Borderlands

The area of common culture along the border between Mexico and the United States.

2

Colonialism

The maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over a people by a foreign power for an extended period.

3

Corporate Welfare

Tax breaks, bailouts, direct payments, and grants that the government gives to corporations.

4

Dependency Theory

An approach that contends that industrialized nations continue to exploit developing countries for their own gains.

5

Globalization

The worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas.

6

Modernization

The far-reaching process through which periphery nations move from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies.

7

Modernization Theory

A functionalist approach that proposes that modernization and development will gradually improve the lives of people in developing nations.

8

Multinational Corporation

A commercial organization that is head-quartered in one country but does business throughout the world.

9

Neocolonialism

Continuing dependence of former colonies on foreign countries.

10

Remittances

The monies that immigrants return to their families of origin.

11

World System Analysis

The global economy as an interdependent system of economically and politically unequal nations.

12

The maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over a people by a foreign power for an extended period is referred to as:

colonialism

13

In viewing the global economic system as divided between nations that control wealth and those that are controlled and exploited, sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein draws on the:

conflict perspective

14

Which of the following nations would Immanuel Wallerstein classify as a core country within the world economic system:

Germany

15

Which sociological perspective argues that multinational corporations can actually help the developing nations of the world:

the functionalist perspective

16

Which of the following terms is used by contemporary social scientist to describe the far-reaching process by which peripheral nations move from traditional or less developed societies:

modernization

17

In at least 22 nations around the world, the most affluent 10 percent receives at least what percentage of all income:

40 percent

18

Karuna Chanana Ahmed, an anthropologist from India who has studied developing nations, calls which group the most exploited of oppressed people:

women

19

Which of the following terms is used to refer to Mexico's large, impoverished majority, most of whom have brown skin and a mixed racial lineage due to intermarriage:

mestizo

20

In Mexico, women now constitute what percentage of the labor force:

48 percent

21

Which of the following terms refers to the foreign-owned factories established just across the border in Mexico, where the companies that own them don't have to pay taxes or provide insurance or benefits for their workers:

maquiladoras

22

Colonial domination established patterns of economic exploitation leading to former colonies remaining dependent on more industrialized nations. Such continuing dependence and foreign domination are referred to as:

neocolonialism

23

According to Immanuel Wallerstein's analysis, the United States is at the *insert word here* while neighboring Mexico is on the semi periphery of the world economic system.

core

24

Wallerstein's world systems analysis is the most widely used version of *insert word here* theory.

dependency

25

These factories are factories found throughout the developing world that are run by multinational corporations.

global

26

As *insert word here* industries become a more important part of the international marketplace, many companies have concluded that the low costs of overseas operations more than offset the expense of transmitting information around the world.

service

27

Viewed from a *insert word here* perspective, the combination of skilled technology and management provided by multinationals and the relatively cheap labor available in developing nations is ideal for a global enterprise

functionalist

28

In 2000 the United Nations launched the *insert word here* ; its objective is to eliminate extreme poverty worldwide by the year 2015.

Millennium Project

29

Modernization theory reflects the *insert word here* perspective.

functionalist

30

At the top of the color hierarchy in Mexico are the *insert word here*, the 10 percent of the population who are typically White, well-educated members of the business and intellectual elites, and who have familial roots in Spain.

criollos

31

The term refers to the area of a common culture along the border between Mexico and the United States.

borderlands