Culture

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created 6 years ago by tlampela
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1

Culture

a system of knowledge, beliefs, patterns or behaviors, artifacts, and institutions that are created, learned, and shared by a group of people.

2

Enculturation

a process of learning culture

3

Norms

ideas or rules about how people should behave in particular situations or towards certain other people

4

Values

fundamental beliefs about what is impression, true, or beautiful, and what makes a good life

5

Mental Maps of Reality

cultural classifications of what kinds of people and things exist, and the assignment of meaning to those classifications

6

Cultural Relativism

understanding a groups beliefs and practices within their own cultural context, without making judgement

7

Unilineal Cultural Evolution

the theory proposed by the nineteenth century anthropologist that all cultures naturally evolve through the same sequence of stages from simple to complex

8

Historal Particularism

FRANZ BOAZ

The idea that cultures develop in specific ways because of their unique histories

9

Structural Functionalism

a conceptual framework post that each element of society serves a particular function to keep the entire system in equilibrium

10

Interpretivist Approach

the conceptual framework that sees culture primarily as symbolic of deep meaning

11

Power

the ability or potential to bring about change through action or influence

12

Statification

the uneven distribution of resources and privileges amount participants in a group or culturee

13

Hegemony

the ability of a dominate group to create consent and agreement within a population with the use of force or threat

14

Agency

the potential power of individuals and groups to contest cultural norms, values, symbols, mental maps of reality, institutions, and structures of power

15

Cosmopolitanism

a global outlook emerging in response to increasing globalization