Chapter 9 - Labor Forces
Many migrants are involved in "3-D" jobs that employ:
People who go to a foreign country legally to perform certain types of jobs are known as:
The vulnerable workforce:
is less likely to have a contract or other formal work arrangement.
Before the economic crisis, the worldwide trend in vulnerable employment was upward.
The loss by a country of its most intelligent and best-educated people, for professional opportunities and economic reasons, is known as:
Populations in many developed countries are projected to decline in the coming years due to:
low birth rates
In all OECD countries, earnings of women are below those of men, with an average difference of about 20 percent.
Labor _____ refers to the skills, education, and attitudes of available employees.
UNICEF's Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), establishes basic standards that should be observed with respect to children worldwide. Its four core principles are: respect for the views of the child, devotion to the best interests of the child, the right to life, survival, and development, and:
For the past four decades, there has been an increase in the number of union members in most of the developed countries, especially among workers in industrial sectors.
The World Bank says that children's work can be in their own interests and that a family's survival may depend on it.
_____, the denial of equal participation in a society for women, developed as an inherent part of many cultures, based as they are on patriarchal values.
Populations in many developing countries are projected to decline in the coming years, due to factors such as low birth rates and high levels of immigration.
Approximately 38 percent of the world's 15- to 24-year-olds, a key source of new workers during the next decade, live in just two developing countries: India and: