206 Bones of the Body Flashcards


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created 12 years ago by jncanf
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The 206 bones of the body and there location.
updated 12 years ago by jncanf
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biology, human anatomy, a&p, bones, body
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1

maxillary bone

support the upper teeth; form the inferior orbital rim

2

palatine bones

form posterior portion of the hard palate; back roof of mouth

3

nasal bones

support the superior portion of the bridge of the nose; connected to cartilages that support the distal portions of the nose

4

inferior nasal conchae

create turbulance in air passing throught the nasal cavity; promotes warming and humidification of inhailed air

5

zygomatic bones

rim and lateral wall of the orbit; cheeckbone

6

lacrimal bones

part of the medial wall of the orbit; eye socket

7

vomer

inferior portion of the bony nasal septum

8

mandible

lower jaw

9

occipital bone

posterior, lateral and inferior surfaces of the cranium; lower back of head, above the neck; below the lambdoid sture; home of occipital crest

10

parietal bone

superior and lateral surfaces of the cranium; top side of the head (2) divided by sagittal suture

11

frontal bone

anterior portion of the cranium; roof of orbits; helps flush mucous of frontal sinuses; in front of coronal suture

12

temporal bones

lateral wall of the cranium; articulates with facial bones and mandible; protects organs of inner ear; attachment site for muscles that close the jaw and move the head; surrounded by squamous suture

13

sphenoid

floor of the cranium; strengthens sides of skull

14

ethmoid

anteromedial floor of the cranium; roof of nasal cavity; part of nasal septum

15

hyoid bone

attachment site for muscles of the larynx, tongue, and pharynx; in the neck

16

auditory ossicles

located in the ear cavity; play a key role in hearing

17

ribs

reinforce posterior and lateral walls of the thoratic cavity

18

vertebrosternal ribs

1-7; true ribs

19

vertebrochondral ribs

8-10; false ribs

20

vertebral ribs

11-12; floating ribs; attached only to vertabrae and muscles of the body wall

21

sternum

breastbone; anterior midline of thoracic wall; includes the manubrium, body, and xiphoid process

22

jugular notch

located between clavicular aritculations

23

cervival vetebrae

C1-C7; neck; support skull; long split tip; stabalize positions of brain and spinal cord; allow controlled head movements

24

thoracic vertabrae

T1-T12; chest; long, slender, not split; support weight of head, neck, upper limbs, and chest.

25

lumbar vertebrae

L1-L5; inferior of back; blunt and broad; support weight of head, neck uper limbs and trunk

26

sacrum

under the lumbar vertebrae; protects reproductive, digestive, and urinary organs

27

coccyx

under the sacrum; tail bone; consists of 3-5 vertabrae

28

clavicle

part of pectoral gridle; superior, lateral border or manubrium

29

scapula

part of pectoral gridle; bone connected to humerus and clavicle; shoulder blade

30

humerus

brachium (top part of arm)

31

radius

forearm; thumb side

32

ulna

forearm; pinky side

33

carpal bones

8 bones, from pinky to thumb: (proximal) pisiform, triquetrum, lunate, scaphoid, (distal) hamate, capitate, trapezoid, trapezium

34

metacarpal bones

5 bones between carpals and phalanges; support the hand

35

phalanges

5 finger bones; 5 toe bones

36

hip bones

2 in the pelvic gridle; consists of the ilium (superior), ischium (posterior), and pubis (anterior)

37

femur

thigh; connected to the hip bone; longest and heaviest bone in the body

38

patella

kneecap; large sesamoid bone

39

tibia

shin bone; large medial bone of the leg

40

fibula

parallel to the tibia; bears no weight; site of attachment of muscles that move the foot and toes

41

tarsal bones

ankle bones

42

metatarsal bones

5 bones between tarsals and phalanges of the foot