Ethnicity and Nationalism

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created 6 years ago by tlampela
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updated 6 years ago by tlampela
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1

ethnicity

a sense of historical, cultural, and sometimes ancestral connection to a group of people who imagined to be distinct from those outside the group

2

origin myth

a story told about the founding a history of a particular group to reinforce a sense of common identity

3

ethnic boundary marker

a practice or belief, such s food, clothing, language, shared name, or religion, used to signify who is in a group and who is not

4

genocide

the systematic destruction of an ethnic or a religious group

5

situational negotiation of idenitity

an individual's self-identification with a particular group that can shift accordingly to social location

6

ethnic cleansing

efforts by representatives of one ethnic group remove or destroy another group in a particular geographic area

7

melting pot

a metaphor used to describe the process of immigrant assimilation into the U.S. dominant culture

8

assimilation

the process through which minorities accept the patterns and norms of the domination culture and cease to exist as separate groups

9

multiculturalim

a pattern of the ethnic relations in which new immigrants and their children enculturate into the dominant natural culture and yet retain and ethnic culture

10

state

a autonomous regional structure of political, economic, and military rule with a central government authorized to make law and use force to maintain order and defend its territory

11

nation-state

a political entity, lactated within a geographic territory with enforced boarders, where the population shares a sense of culture, ancestry, and destiny as a people

12

nation

a term once used to describe a group of people who shared a place of origin; now used interchangeable with nation state

13

nationalism

the desire of an ethnic community to create and/or maintain a nation state

14

imagined community

the invented sense of connection and shared traditions that underlies identification with a particular ethnic group or nation whose members like will never meet