Race and Racism

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created 6 years ago by tlampela
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1

race

a flawed system of classification with no biological basis that uses certain physical characteristics to divide the human population not supposedly discrete groups

2

racism

individual thoughts and actions and institutional patterns and policies that create unequal access to power, resources, and opportunities bases on imagined differences among groups

3

genotype

the inherited genetics factors that provide the framework for an organisms physical form

4

phenotype

the way genes are expressed in an organism physical form as a result of genotype interaction with environmental factors

5

colonialism

the practice by which a nation-state extend political, economic, and military power beyond its own boarder over an extended period of time to secure access to raw material, cheap labor, and markets in other countries or regions

6

miscegenation

a demeaning historical term for interracial marriage

7

white supremacy

the belief that whites are biologically different and superior to people of other races

8

whiteness

a culturally constructed concept origionating in 1691 Virginia designed to establish a clear boundaries of who is white and who is not; stratification

9

Jim Crow Laws

laws implemented after the U.S. Civil War to legally inform segregation, particularly in the South after the end of slavery

10

hypodescent

sometimes called "one drop of blood" rule; assignment of children of racially "mixed' unions to subordinate group

11

nativism

favoring certain long term inhabitant over new immigrants

12

eugenics

a pseudoscience attempting to scientifically prove the existence of separate human races to improve the population's genetics

13

racialization

the categorize, differentiate, and attribute a particular racial character to a person or group of people

14

individual racism

personal prejudiced beliefs and discriminatory actions based on race

15

institutionalized racism

patters by which racial inequality is structured through key cultural institutions, policies, and systems

16

racial ideology

a set of popular ideas about race that allows the discriminatory behavior of individuals and institutions to seem reasonable, rational, and normal