Q- According to the definition often used by people in NA, which of the following is an example of a sport?
Racing in the Indianapolis 500. Things that are not sports: jogging with friends, jumping rope or playing chess.
Official definitions of sports in the US emphasize what?
Formally organized, competitive activities
Physical activity participation rates are most likely to be high in society when the focuses on
Wide range of physical activities that are pleasurable for participants
Sports are social constructions. This means what?
Created by people as they interact with each other
One of the most hotly contested aspects of sports in society is
who plays sports and under what conditions
What are the 3 contested aspects of sports in society?
1. The meaning, purpose and organization of sport
2. who plays sports and under what conditions
3. The people and organizations that sponsor and provide rescources
which of the following is least likely to be studied by someone in the sociology of sport?
Physical demands associated with individual and team sports
What is most likely to be studied by someone in sociology of sport?
the relationship between sports and religion, the ways that sports are included into social life, the forms and meanings of sports from one group to another.
NOTICE THESE ARE ALL SOCIAL ASPECTS
q-The great sport myth is based on the belief that
sport is essentially pure and good
q-After reading SPORTS IN SOCIETY the author hopes that people will what?
make informed choices about sports in their lives and their society.
When people in society generally see the body as a machine and sport as a performance it is likely that
athletes will use technology to control and manage their bodies
In this chapter it is noted that personal theories as opposed to sociological theories
are based on the immediate experiences of the individuals
The process of producing knowledge in the sociology of sport, is a 5 stage process that ends in
publication of results
What are the 5 stages
The theories most likely to be used in research on the process of developing and maintaining athletic identities are
The theories that explain what is known about patterns of relationships that influence opportunities to play sports
The author explains that sports are more than a reflectoins of society because they are sites where
society and culture are created and reproduced
Knowledge and theories in the sociology of sport enable us to
view sports from multiple perspectives
The author explains that he used a critical approach when studying sports in society, as a result many of the discussions in sports and society emphasize what
Fairness and Equity issues
Organized, adult controlled youth sports have become prevalent in neoliberal societies, a neoliberal society is one in which
individualism is valued and public programs are cut back or eliminated
which of the following iS NOT among the 5 changes that have encouraged participation in organized youth sport?
Parents know that playing informal games will harm child devel.
an emphaiss on the performance ethic is most likely in programs sponserd by
private commercial clubs
informal games are generally organized to emphasize what?
action and personal involvement in the action
the author suggests that because children today seldom play informal games, there is a need for what?
the author predicts that changes in organized sports will slow because
many adults have vested interests in keeping youth sports as they are
a specific recommendation for change made in the chapter is to
increase opportunities for players to reaffirm their friendships
According to the definition used in cup 3, socialization refers to what?
involves social development and learning bout social worlds
recent studeis of socialization are based on social interaction models rather than personal internalization models. Social interaction model emphasizes that human beings are
active decision makers who give meaning to their experiences
being involved and staying involved in sports is grounded in a series of processes. which of the following is NOT one of those processes?
when peter donnelly and keving young used data they concluded that becoming an athlete involves
acquiring knowledge and developing an identity as an athete
the carefully designed studies done between 1950-1980 have led to some basic conclusions about changing or ending sport participation. Which of the following is not one of the conclusions
people drop out of sports only when they are victims of some form of exploitation
pleasure and participation sports tend to emphasize
connections with other people and the environment
a review of socialization research led the author to conclude that sport participation is most likely to have positive consequences when it what?
provides opportunities to expand experiences outside of sports