Microbiology Chapter 1 potential test questions

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Chapter 1
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1

Developed smallpox immunization

Edward Jenner

2

First photomicrograph of bacteria

Robert Koch

3

Germ Theory of disease

Louis Pasteur

4

Germs cause disease

Louis Pasteur, Robert Koch, and Girolamo Fracastoro

5

Sought a "magic bullet to destroy pathogens

Paul Ehrlich

6

early epidemiologist

John Snow

7

Father of microbiology

Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek

8

Classification system

Carolus Linnaeus

9

Discoverer of bacteria

Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek

10

Discoverer of protozoa

Anotoni Van Leeuwenhoek

11

Founder of antiseptic surgery

Jospeh Lister

12

Developed the most widely used bacterial staining technique

Hans Christian Gram

13

Which of the following microorganisms are not eukaryotic?

  1. bacteria
  2. yeasts
  3. molds
  4. protozoa

1. Bacteria

14

Which microorganisms are used to make microbiological growth media?

  1. bacteria
  2. fungi
  3. algae
  4. protozoa

3. Algae

15

In which habitat would you most likely find archaea

  1. acidic hot springs
  2. swamp mud
  3. Great Salt Lake
  4. all of the above

4. all of the above

16

Of the following scientists, who first promulgated the theory of abiogenesis?

  1. Aristotle
  2. Pasteur
  3. Needham
  4. Spallanzani

1. Aristotle

17

Which of the following scientists hypothesized that bacterial colony arises from a single bacterial cell?

  1. Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
  2. Louis Pasteur
  3. Robert Koch
  4. Richard Petri

3. Robert Koch

18

Which scientist first hypothesized that medical personnel can infect patients with pathogens?

  1. Edward Jenner
  2. Joseph Lister
  3. John Snow
  4. Ignaz Semmelweis

4. Ignaz Semmelweis

19

Leewenhoek described microorganisms as ______________

  1. animalcules
  2. prokaryotes
  3. eukaryotes
  4. protozoa

1. animalcules

20

Which of the following favored the theory of spontaneous generation?

  1. Spallanzani
  2. Needham
  3. Pasteur
  4. Koch

2. Needham

21

A scientist who studies the role of microorganisms in the environment is?

  1. a genetic techologist
  2. an earth microbiologist
  3. an epidemiologist
  4. an environmental microbiologist

4. an environmental microbiologist

22

The laboratory of Robert Koch contributed which of the following to the field of microbiology?

  1. simple staining technique
  2. use of petri dishes
  3. first photomicrograph of bacteria
  4. all of the above

4. all of the above.