sociology test unit 1

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1

The first goal of each scientific discipline is to __________________.

explain why something happens

2

The first person to propose that the scientific method could be applied to the study of social life was _________________.

Auguste Comte

3

The notion that only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social programs to help the poor will ultimately weaken the social order is a doctrine known as __________________.

Social Darwinism

4

Karl Marx suggested that the force which drives human history and is at the core of human progress is _______________.

class conflict

5

Tom works on the assembly line at the local automobile factory. Karl Marx would consider Tom to be a _____________ because he does not own the factory.

proletariat

6

Durkheim introduced the concept _______________ to express the degree to which people feel part of a social group.

social integration

7

Weber stressed the notion that sociological research should be "value free." This means that sociologists should NOT _____________.

let personal values affect their research

8

According to Max Weber, ______________ means to "grasp by insight" and to have an understanding of the feelings and motivations of people being studied.

verstehen

9

Sociology first took root as an academic discipline at ____________ in 1890.

the University of Kansas

10

This individual was the first African-American to earn a doctorate from Harvard University, spent his lifetime studying race relations in America, and was one of the founders of the NAACP.

W.E.B. DuBois

11

The American sociologist who focused on social theory in the 1940's, developing detailed models of how society harmoniously works together was ________________.

Talcott Parsons

12

Dr. Zahn spends virtually all his academic interest in analyzing various aspects of society and publishing his findings in sociological journals. In view of this, Dr. Zahn is considered to be a(n) _________ sociologist.

basic (pure)

13

__________ views society as a complex, but interconnected system, where each part works together as a whole.

Structural functionalism

14

DuBois’ study of race relations in America, and the lack of socioeconomic equality that resulted, would be an example of which theoretical perspective?

Social conflict theory

15

_____________ views individual interactions with society through shared meanings, creating an ability to explain social order and change.

Symbolic Interactionism

16

Which of the following sociologists would be least likely to be described as a social conflict theorist?

Emile Durkheim

17

This sociologists work at Hull House in Chicago, Ill. earned her the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.

Jane Addams

18

____________ are standards by which a group of people define what is good or bad, desireable or undesireable, beautiful or ugly.

Values

19

Dr. Richmond continues to carry out experiments in order to test his findings. This process is known as _______________.

replication

20

Mr. Reichart is not very objective when it comes to anything regarding the University of Kansas due to his blatant bias for _____________________.

Kansas State University