What should be done with a reagent strip after the results have been analyzed and recorded?
- Drop it in a sharps container.
- Put in the patient’s chart.
- Dispose of it in a biohazard waste container.
- Throw it in the trash can.
Dispose of it in a biohazard waste container.
Which color of urine may indicate jaundice or hepatitis?
- Dark yellow or orange
- Cloudy red
In which case would a pregnancy test give a negative result even if the patient is indeed pregnant?
- The level of hCG in the urine is too low.
- The level of hCG in the urine is detectable.
- It has been less than two months after conception.
- Urine from the first void of the morning was used for the test.
The level of hCG in the urine is too low.
Who is most at risk of developing stones in the kidneys, ureters, and bladder?
- Asian men between 30 and 70 years old
- African American men between 40 and 60 years old
- Caucasian men between 20 and 40 years old
- Caucasian women between 40 and 60 years old
Caucasian men between 20 and 40 years old
How is hCG produced?
- By the ovary once an egg is released into the fallopian tube
- By the uterine lining once it is shed
- By the placenta after ovum implants into uterus
By the placenta after ovum implants into uterus
Which type of urinalysis is NOT CLIA-waived?
- Physical tests
- Chemical tests
- Microscopic tests
- All of the above
Cloudy urine may indicate the presence of ____.
- pus or mucus
pus or mucus
Which tool is used for chemical assessment of urine?
- Reagent strips
When can hCG first be detected in the urine of pregnant women?
- At conception
- 6 to 12 days following conception
- 10th to 12th weeks of pregnancy
6 to 12 days following conception
Why must the urine of a patient with stones be strained?
- To measure output
- To catch stones so that they may be sent to the laboratory
- To perform a urinalysis of the urine
- To certify that the patient has passed all of the stones
To catch stones so that they may be sent to the laboratory
A urine specimen has a pH level of 4.5. How would you describe this urine?
What condition may a patient have if the specific gravity of urine is increased (above 1.035)?
- Kidney disease
Which pH level indicates that urine is acidic?
- Less than 5.5
- Between 5.5 and 8
- Greater than 8
Less than 5.5
Which of the following is true?
- Abnormal urine tests are often the first indication of disease.
- pH is the amount of protein in the patient’s urine.
- All reagent strips test for the same substances.
- Chemical assessment includes measuring the weight of urine.
Abnormal urine tests are often the first indication of disease.