OCP-C1A Straining and Testing Urine Quiz Flashcards


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1

What should be done with a reagent strip after the results have been analyzed and recorded?

  • Drop it in a sharps container.
  • Put in the patient’s chart.
  • Dispose of it in a biohazard waste container.
  • Throw it in the trash can.

Dispose of it in a biohazard waste container.

2

Which color of urine may indicate jaundice or hepatitis?

  • Dark yellow or orange
  • Cloudy red
  • Brown
  • Pale

Brown

3

In which case would a pregnancy test give a negative result even if the patient is indeed pregnant?

  • The level of hCG in the urine is too low.
  • The level of hCG in the urine is detectable.
  • It has been less than two months after conception.
  • Urine from the first void of the morning was used for the test.

The level of hCG in the urine is too low.

4

Who is most at risk of developing stones in the kidneys, ureters, and bladder?

  • Asian men between 30 and 70 years old
  • African American men between 40 and 60 years old
  • Caucasian men between 20 and 40 years old
  • Caucasian women between 40 and 60 years old

Caucasian men between 20 and 40 years old

5

How is hCG produced?

  • By the ovary once an egg is released into the fallopian tube
  • By the uterine lining once it is shed
  • By the placenta after ovum implants into uterus

By the placenta after ovum implants into uterus

6

Which type of urinalysis is NOT CLIA-waived?

  • Physical tests
  • Chemical tests
  • Microscopic tests
  • All of the above

Microscopic tests

7

Cloudy urine may indicate the presence of ____.

  • blood
  • glucose
  • lipids
  • pus or mucus

pus or mucus

8

Which tool is used for chemical assessment of urine?

  • Stethoscope
  • Autoclave
  • Reagent strips
  • Refractometer

Reagent strips

9

When can hCG first be detected in the urine of pregnant women?

  • At conception
  • 6 to 12 days following conception
  • 10th to 12th weeks of pregnancy

6 to 12 days following conception

10

Why must the urine of a patient with stones be strained?

  • To measure output
  • To catch stones so that they may be sent to the laboratory
  • To perform a urinalysis of the urine
  • To certify that the patient has passed all of the stones

To catch stones so that they may be sent to the laboratory

11

A urine specimen has a pH level of 4.5. How would you describe this urine?

  • Acidic
  • Alkaline
  • Normal

Acidic

12

What condition may a patient have if the specific gravity of urine is increased (above 1.035)?

  • Kidney disease
  • Over-hydrated
  • Dehydrated

Dehydrated

13

Which pH level indicates that urine is acidic?

  • Less than 5.5
  • Between 5.5 and 8
  • Greater than 8

Less than 5.5

14

Which of the following is true?

  • Abnormal urine tests are often the first indication of disease.
  • pH is the amount of protein in the patient’s urine.
  • All reagent strips test for the same substances.
  • Chemical assessment includes measuring the weight of urine.

Abnormal urine tests are often the first indication of disease.