sociology test 12/08/14

Helpfulness: +1
Set Details Share
created 5 years ago by fefe105
6,616 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

People who interact with one another and think of themselves as belonging together are referred to as a(n) ____________.

group

2

The largest and most complex type of group is ____________.

society

3

Of the following types of societies, the one with the fewest social divisions is the _______ society.

hunting and gathering

4

What are the two characteristics a people must share to qualify as a society?

the same culture and the same territory

5

The first social revolution was accompanied by ______________.

the domestication of animals and plants

6

The Industrial Revolution began in the year 1765 when the steam engine was first used to power machinery in

Great Britain

7

A key feature of post-industrial societies is that a majority of the work force is involved in ________________.

the transmission and use of information

8

The _____________ is to the post-industrial society as the _____________ is to the emerging bioeconomic society.

microchip; decoding of the human genome system

9

Sociologically, all college women who belong to a sorority would be called ____________.

a category

10

Of the following groups, the one that plays the most significant role in the development of self is the ______________.

primary group

11

Cody is a member of the L.A. Crips. The other gangs in his territory are the Bloods and the Satan's Slaves. Cody feels very antagonistic towards the Bloods and the Slaves. This judgement of superiority is an example of _____________.

out-groups

12

Because of our sense of belonging and loyalty to in-groups, we often tend to judge our own group's traits as virtues, but see the same traits in other groups as vices. This judgement of superiority is an example of ______________.

a double standard

13

Groups we use as standards to evaluate ourselves are called ____________ groups.

reference

14

The link between people, their cliques, their families, friends, and acquaintances are called _____________.

social networks

15

Jane, Mark, Courtney, and Kelly are enrolled in the 8:00 AM sociology course at their college. After studying together, for their first test, they started getting together in the class and chose to work together on group projects. During spring break, they decided to go on a trip as a group. These four students would be considered members of a(n) ______________

clique

16

Using a computer to create an ever-changing, online yearbook of people with similar interests to oneself, and also using it as a means to develop a network of contacts is referred to as ______________.

facebooking

17

Mark has been working at the Palisades Insurance Co. for two years. During this time, he has attended all the company functions, joined one of the established churches in the community, and is a member of the Chamber of Commerce. His participation in these various groups and events is termed _____________.

networking

18

The conclusion Milgram reached based on his small group phenomenon experiment was:

on the average, everyone in the US is separated by just six individuals

19

With respect to group size, Georg Simmel noted that _____________.

as small groups grow larger, them become more stable

20

The smallest possible group is classified as a ____________.

dyad

21

How groups influence us and how we affect groups is referred to as _____________.

group dynamics

22

How does the structure and function of groups change as they grow in size?

Groups tend to develop a more formal social structure.

23

A phenomenon of group dynamics that results in a decrease in one's willingness to help others as the size of the group increases is referred to as ________________.

diffusion of responsibility

24

As the instrumental leader of a group, your responsibility would be to _____________.

keep the group moving toward its goals

25

The leadership style that has a tendency to encourage either aggressive or apathetic behavior among group members, with aggressive members growing hostile toward their leader is _______________.

authoritarianism

26

Matt is the leader of a task force which is trying to determine whether there should be a change in student housing policies. He has held three group discussions and outlined the steps he feels are necessary to reach the goal of the task force. He allows the group to work at their own pace. After receiving recommendations from the task force members, he offered alternatives he felt should be made. Matt's style of leadership would be best described as ________________.

democratic

27

In group decision making, a form of tunnel vision that develops in which suggested alternatives are perceived as signs of disloyalty is called _______________.

groupthink

28

Solomon Asch's experiment on group conformity demonstrated that:

because of group pressure, most people are willing to say things they know are not true.

29

Milgram's "teacher-learner" experiments demonstrated that :

a substantial number of people will inflict pain on others if ordered to do so by a person in a position of authority

30

Which of the following incidents does not qualify as an example of groupthink?

the Normandy Invasion (D-Day