sociology test 12/08/14 Flashcards
People who interact with one another and think of themselves as belonging together are referred to as a(n) ____________.
The largest and most complex type of group is ____________.
Of the following types of societies, the one with the fewest social divisions is the _______ society.
hunting and gathering
What are the two characteristics a people must share to qualify as a society?
the same culture and the same territory
The first social revolution was accompanied by ______________.
the domestication of animals and plants
The Industrial Revolution began in the year 1765 when the steam engine was first used to power machinery in
A key feature of post-industrial societies is that a majority of the work force is involved in ________________.
the transmission and use of information
The _____________ is to the post-industrial society as the _____________ is to the emerging bioeconomic society.
microchip; decoding of the human genome system
Sociologically, all college women who belong to a sorority would be called ____________.
Of the following groups, the one that plays the most significant role in the development of self is the ______________.
Cody is a member of the L.A. Crips. The other gangs in his territory are the Bloods and the Satan's Slaves. Cody feels very antagonistic towards the Bloods and the Slaves. This judgement of superiority is an example of _____________.
Because of our sense of belonging and loyalty to in-groups, we often tend to judge our own group's traits as virtues, but see the same traits in other groups as vices. This judgement of superiority is an example of ______________.
a double standard
Groups we use as standards to evaluate ourselves are called ____________ groups.
The link between people, their cliques, their families, friends, and acquaintances are called _____________.
Jane, Mark, Courtney, and Kelly are enrolled in the 8:00 AM sociology course at their college. After studying together, for their first test, they started getting together in the class and chose to work together on group projects. During spring break, they decided to go on a trip as a group. These four students would be considered members of a(n) ______________
Using a computer to create an ever-changing, online yearbook of people with similar interests to oneself, and also using it as a means to develop a network of contacts is referred to as ______________.
Mark has been working at the Palisades Insurance Co. for two years. During this time, he has attended all the company functions, joined one of the established churches in the community, and is a member of the Chamber of Commerce. His participation in these various groups and events is termed _____________.
The conclusion Milgram reached based on his small group phenomenon experiment was:
on the average, everyone in the US is separated by just six individuals
With respect to group size, Georg Simmel noted that _____________.
as small groups grow larger, them become more stable
The smallest possible group is classified as a ____________.
How groups influence us and how we affect groups is referred to as _____________.
How does the structure and function of groups change as they grow in size?
Groups tend to develop a more formal social structure.
A phenomenon of group dynamics that results in a decrease in one's willingness to help others as the size of the group increases is referred to as ________________.
diffusion of responsibility
As the instrumental leader of a group, your responsibility would be to _____________.
keep the group moving toward its goals
The leadership style that has a tendency to encourage either aggressive or apathetic behavior among group members, with aggressive members growing hostile toward their leader is _______________.
Matt is the leader of a task force which is trying to determine whether there should be a change in student housing policies. He has held three group discussions and outlined the steps he feels are necessary to reach the goal of the task force. He allows the group to work at their own pace. After receiving recommendations from the task force members, he offered alternatives he felt should be made. Matt's style of leadership would be best described as ________________.
In group decision making, a form of tunnel vision that develops in which suggested alternatives are perceived as signs of disloyalty is called _______________.
Solomon Asch's experiment on group conformity demonstrated that:
because of group pressure, most people are willing to say things they know are not true.
Milgram's "teacher-learner" experiments demonstrated that :
a substantial number of people will inflict pain on others if ordered to do so by a person in a position of authority
Which of the following incidents does not qualify as an example of groupthink?
the Normandy Invasion (D-Day