Chapter 16 The Civil War, 1861-1865 Flashcards

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Which one of the following was Not a reason that the Cairo, Illinois military camp was having problems?

A) Army doctors knew little about serious diseases

B) The army was overwhelmed with organizational tasks

C)Sanitation was not given proper attention

D) Overcrowding

E) Confederate guerrillas kept raiding the area

E) Confederate guerrillas kept raiding the area


Which of the following has the LEAST association with the others?

A) Contrabands

B) Mother Bickerdyke

C) Cyclone in calico

D) The Sanitary


A) Contrabands


The Galesburg, Illinois congregation and various reform groups realized their communities would have to support the government with:

B) Supplies and assistance


The most basic similarity between the Union and the Confederacy when the Civil War began was that both sides:

E) Were unprepared for the ordeal that lay ahead


After the secession of South Carolina, the first crisis facing Lincoln was the:

E) Problem of Fort Sumter.


Chester, Pennsylvania was an example of this type of northern response to mobilization:

A) A rapid, patriotic relief system supported by a countywide community.


When Jefferson Davis made his call to arms:

A) Men flocked to enlist


When Lincoln made his call to arms, many northern communities

A) Responded enthusiastically


Slave states that did NOT secede from the Union were:

A) Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina

B)North Carolina, Georgia,and Texas

C)Louisiana, Mississippi, Maryland and Delaware

D)Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland and Delaware

E) Missouri, Mississippi, Maryland and North Carolina

D) Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland and Delaware


The decision of four slaves states to stay within the Union:

B) Was welcome to the North, but caused all kinds of legal problems for the government


Which of the following was NOT an advantage enjoyed by the North as the Civil War began?

A) A much larger population

B) Superior industrial capacity

C) Firearms and clothing production

D) Railroad mileage

E) A large well-trained army

E) A large well-trained army


The first pitched battle of the Civil War was fought at:

E)First Bull Run


Which of the following was not an advantage enjoyed by the South as the Civil War began?

A) They were on the defensive and the North would have to invade

B) Many experienced officers

C) The economic power of "King Cotton"

D) The ability to mobilize its resources

E) The leadership of Robert E. Lee

D) The ability to mobilize its resources


Lincoln felt that his primary responsibility as president was to:

B) Preserve the Union


Many of the Republican economic measures passed during the war would have pleased:

A) Henry Clay


The greatest expansion in government power during the Civil War was in:

A) War Department


Battle deaths in the Civil War

D) Numbered more than the combined deaths in WWI and WWII


Which one of the following was LEAST likely to be drafted into the Confederate military on provisions of the draft law?

A) A southern planter from Mississippi with 30 slaves

B) A 20 year-old factory worker

C) A non-slave holding yeoman farmer from Alabama

D) A 30 year-old miller from Charleston

E) An 18 year-old apprentice printer from Texas

A) A southern planter from Mississippi with 30 slaves


The act which created a national currency was called the:

E) Legal Tender Act


The Homestead Act:

E) Liberalized land policy by giving 160 acres to those who would live on and improve the land.


Union victories at Forts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, and Vicksburg successfully achieved this Union war goal:

A) Cut off the Confederate states west of the Mississippi


During the Civil War, the tribes in Indian Territory

C) Had their own civil war as they split between Union and Confederacy


The English did NOT extend diplomatic recognition of the Confederacy because:

A) English public opinion opposed recognizing a nation based on slavery.


The "Long Walk" refers to the forced march and imprisonment of this group during the Civil War:

D) Cherokee Confederate sympathizers


The South had problems in financing its war effort because: