Chapter 16 The Civil War, 1861-1865 Flashcards

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Which one of the following was Not a reason that the Cairo, Illinois military camp was having problems?

A) Army doctors knew little about serious diseases

B) The army was overwhelmed with organizational tasks

C)Sanitation was not given proper attention

D) Overcrowding

E) Confederate guerrillas kept raiding the area

E) Confederate guerrillas kept raiding the area


Which of the following has the LEAST association with the others?

A) Contrabands

B) Mother Bickerdyke

C) Cyclone in calico

D) The Sanitary


A) Contrabands


The Galesburg, Illinois congregation and various reform groups realized their communities would have to support the government with:

B) Supplies and assistance


The most basic similarity between the Union and the Confederacy when the Civil War began was that both sides:

E) Were unprepared for the ordeal that lay ahead


After the secession of South Carolina, the first crisis facing Lincoln was the:

E) Problem of Fort Sumter.


Chester, Pennsylvania was an example of this type of northern response to mobilization:

A) A rapid, patriotic relief system supported by a countywide community.


When Jefferson Davis made his call to arms:

A) Men flocked to enlist


When Lincoln made his call to arms, many northern communities

A) Responded enthusiastically


Slave states that did NOT secede from the Union were:

A) Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina

B)North Carolina, Georgia,and Texas

C)Louisiana, Mississippi, Maryland and Delaware

D)Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland and Delaware

E) Missouri, Mississippi, Maryland and North Carolina

D) Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland and Delaware


The decision of four slaves states to stay within the Union:

B) Was welcome to the North, but caused all kinds of legal problems for the government


Which of the following was NOT an advantage enjoyed by the North as the Civil War began?

A) A much larger population

B) Superior industrial capacity

C) Firearms and clothing production

D) Railroad mileage

E) A large well-trained army

E) A large well-trained army


The first pitched battle of the Civil War was fought at:

E)First Bull Run


Which of the following was not an advantage enjoyed by the South as the Civil War began?

A) They were on the defensive and the North would have to invade

B) Many experienced officers

C) The economic power of "King Cotton"

D) The ability to mobilize its resources

E) The leadership of Robert E. Lee

D) The ability to mobilize its resources


Lincoln felt that his primary responsibility as president was to:

B) Preserve the Union


Many of the Republican economic measures passed during the war would have pleased:

A) Henry Clay


The greatest expansion in government power during the Civil War was in:

A) War Department


Battle deaths in the Civil War

D) Numbered more than the combined deaths in WWI and WWII


Which one of the following was LEAST likely to be drafted into the Confederate military on provisions of the draft law?

A) A southern planter from Mississippi with 30 slaves

B) A 20 year-old factory worker

C) A non-slave holding yeoman farmer from Alabama

D) A 30 year-old miller from Charleston

E) An 18 year-old apprentice printer from Texas

A) A southern planter from Mississippi with 30 slaves


The act which created a national currency was called the:

E) Legal Tender Act


The Homestead Act:

E) Liberalized land policy by giving 160 acres to those who would live on and improve the land.


Union victories at Forts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, and Vicksburg successfully achieved this Union war goal:

A) Cut off the Confederate states west of the Mississippi


During the Civil War, the tribes in Indian Territory

C) Had their own civil war as they split between Union and Confederacy


The English did NOT extend diplomatic recognition of the Confederacy because:

A) English public opinion opposed recognizing a nation based on slavery.


The "Long Walk" refers to the forced march and imprisonment of this group during the Civil War:

D) Cherokee Confederate sympathizers


The South had problems in financing its war effort because:

A) State governors refused to impose new laws

B) The government issued paper money causing inflation

C) Large amounts of borrowing caused inflation

D) None of the above

E) All of the above

E) All of the above


The confederate draft law exempted:

B) Owners of 20 or more slaves


The MOST damaging factor undermining the Confederate cause was:

A) Illiteracy among common soldiers

B) The dictatorial powers of the government

C) Strong beliefs in states' rights and aristocratic privilege

D) Moral degeneracy

E) Abolitionist propaganda

C) Strong beliefs in states' rights and aristocratic privilege


Initially, the Union's strategy was to:

C) Fight a limited war by strangling the South with a blockade


The fifty-fourth Massachusetts protested the discrimination and unequal pay in the army by:

E) Refusing pay until it was equitably distributed.


The Confederate invasion of Maryland was halted by Union at the Battle of:

B) Antietam


Grant'ts victory at Vicksburg combined with this admiral's capture of New Orleans gave the North control of the Mississippi River.

David Farragut


The Confederacy actively sought Indian support by offering:

B) Indian people representation in the Confederate Congress.


Lincoln initially resisted announcing a policy to free the slaves for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

A) He wanted to encourage pro Union sentiment in the South.

B) A policy to free the slaves might alienate conservatives in border states.

C) Northern public opinion was divided on the slave issue

D) The desire to hold the Republican Party together

E) Lincoln believed that blacks would not make good citizens.

E) Lincoln believed that blacks would not make good citizens


Which one of the following would be UNLIKELY to be said by a Copperhead?

A) our nation's welfare will be best served by an immediate armistice.

B) "King Abraham" is a high-handed despot.

C) The black man deserves freedom.

D) " We need a negotiated peace that will advance the welfare of the white race."

E) The Republicans are hurting American farmers.

C) The black man deserves freedom.


Which of the following has the LEAST association with the others?

A) Knights of the Golden Circle

B) Clement Vallandigham

C) Copperheads

D) Salmon Chase

E) Martial Law

D) Salmon Chase


Which of the following was MOST likely to serve as a substitute for a northern conscript in the war?

A) An Irish immigrant

B) A black servant

C) A journeyman printer

D) A seaboard shopkeeper

E) A Native American

A) An Irish immigrant


The use of women in the nursing profession met resistance largely because:

B) It was considered an "unseemly" profession for respectable women


All of the following were instrumental in organizing the profession of nursing EXCEPT:

A) Harriet Beecher Stowe

B) Dorothea Dix

C) Mother Bickerdyke

D) Clara Barton

E) All of the above were instrumental

A) Harriet Beecher Stowe


"Government girls" referred to women who were:

E) Workers in the Confederate bureaucracy


Northern "Copperheads" were"

D) Democrats who favored a negotiated peace with the South


The Civil War was believed by many, in both in the North and the South, to be:

C) "A rich man's war but a poor man's fight


Lincoln won the election of 1864 because of:

E) The Union soldier's vote


Sherman's march to Savannah was primarily designed to:

B) Isolate Robert E. Lee's army in Virginia from the rest of the South


Union soldiers voted in this percentage for Lincoln rather than McClellan in the 1864 election.

D) 78%


Grant's war strategy could be summed up as:

E) Find your enemy and keep striking as hard as you can.


The second Confederate draft was controversial because:

E) It included blacks.


Lincoln's action relative to Fort Sumter in April 1861 was to:

E) Send a relief force with food only.


Which one of the following is NOT one of the four border slave-holding states that stayed in the Union?

A) Delaware

B) Maryland

C) Kentucky

D) Missouri

E) Tennessee

E) Tennessee


Lincoln accepted Kentucky's neutrality in part to:

A) Keep other border states in the Union


Which of the following is NOT a reason that the four border states remaining in the Union was such a severe blow to the South?

A) They could have added 45% more population.

B) 80% manufacturing capacity could have been added.

C) They were slave states still in the Union

D) They injured the central southern argument about slavery and the Union.

E) They grew 50% of the cotton.

E) They grew 50% of the cotton.


During the war, Lincoln saw his major role as:

B) Commander in chief to lead and unify the nation.


Which one of the following was NOT passed by Congress during the war?

A) Morrill Tariff Act

B) Legal Tender Act

C) Wade-Davis Act

D) Homestead Act

E) Corporation Charters for transcontinental railroad

C) Wade-Davis Act


If you were to argue that the South lost the war because of its own shortcomings, which one of the following would NOT be an effective argument?

A) Southern planters' unwillingness to give up privilege

B)Resistance of governors to unify militias

C) The lack of ability to raise taxes

D) The states' rights view of the Confederacy.

E) Strong relief organizations on the home front

E) Strong relief organizations on the home front


Which one of the following was NOT part of the northern strategy, the Anaconda Plan?

A) Blockading the South by the sea

B) Limiting or minimizing casualties

C) Invading the South in key states like Virginia

D) Blockade of the Mississippi River

E) Taking control of the Mississippi

C) Invading the South in key states like Virginia


The Battle of Glorieta Pass was significant for keeping this area in the Union:

E) The Far West


As symbolized by the successes of this Confederate raider, the Union blockade was not initially successful:

D) Alabama


The Union act that freed ALL the slaves was the:

E) Thirteenth Amendment


The high battlefield casualties in the Civil War were in large part due to:

C) The invention of more accurate rifles


The most dramatic change in the status of African Americans was:

C) African American participation in military service


Alexander Stephens was to the southern peace faction as this person was to the northern one:

C) Clement Vallandigham


Riots in the Confederate states were mainly caused by:

B) Shortages of food and high inflation rates


The 1864 election was significant evidence of support for Lincoln's policy of:

B) Demanding unconditional surrender for the South


Union troops captured Brownsville, Texas thereby sending a warning message to the French, in November of this year:

C) 1863


Which one of the following lists these events in correct order?

1) Draft begun in the North 2) New York City riots

3) Draft begun in the South 4) Riots in Richmond




D) 1,4,2,3

E) 3,1,4,2

E) 3,1,4,2


Ulysses S. Grant is made general-in chief of Union forces in:

D) 1864


In November of 1864 Lincoln is re-elected president. The event that helps him is the September:

B) Fall of Atlanta


Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania in 1863 was driven by the desire for:

E) a victory that would get British and French support for the Confederacy


Which one of the following is NOT true of the Peninsular campaign?

A) The major prices were Richmond and Washington D.C.

B) McClellan mostly managed a stalemate

C) Lee managed to break through at Antietam

D) Yorktown was besieged by the Union army

E) In June 1862, McClellan had advanced to the outskirts of Richmond

C) C) Lee managed to break through at Antietam.


Grant gained control of Cumberland and Tennessee rivers with the capture of:

A) Forts Henry and Donelson


Cairo, Illinois was a strategic point for Union troops because it was:

E) Located at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers


Sherman's invasion of Georgia in 1864 focused first on:

B) Atlanta


Gains for the Union in 1861-62 largely took place in:

D) Kentucky, Tennessee and Arkansas


The war turns for the North with the victory in Gettysburg in Pennsylvania and Vicksburg in:

B) Mississippi


Lee struck boldly into these two states to bring the war north and hopefully gain French and British support in negotiating a peace.

E) Pennsylvania and Maryland


Sherman's March to the Sea was from Atlanta to:

A) Savannah


Sherman began marching north to meet Grant, while Grant concentrated on closing in on Lee's last defensive positions in:

E) Petersburg and Richmond


Lee would finally surrender al Appomattox Court House in:

E) Virginia


Which one of the following lists the correct chronological order of events?

1) Battle of Gettysburg 2) Monitor and Merrimac

3) Atlanta Falls 4) Antietam

A) 4,2,1,3

B) 2,4,3,1

C) 2,4,1,3

D) 3,4,1,2

E) 1,3,4,2

C) 2,4,1,3


Which one of the following did NOT occur in 1861?

A) Fort Sumter falls and war begins.

B) The Homestead Act is passed.

C) The U.S. Sanitary Commission is established.

D) The First Battle of Bull Run is fought.

E) French troops occupy parts of Mexico.

B) The Homestead Act is passed.


Which of the following did NOT occur in April 1865?

A) Lincoln assassinated.

B) Richmond falls.

C) Lee surrenders

D) All of these happened in April 1865.

E) None of these happened in April 1865.

D) All of these happened in April 1865.


The major strategic gain for the North in 1863 took place in:

C) The lower Mississippi River valley


The Peninsular Campaign concentrated on this area:

E) Northern Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia


The main strategic losses for the Confederacy in April 1865 began in:

E) Petersburg