Chapter 1 Professional Issues in Imaging - Test

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1

Which of the following is not criterion of a profession?

A) A code of ethics guides professional decisions and conduct
B) Practitioners have an independent function and control their own practice
C) Profession possesses a special body of knowledge that remains constant and does not grow
D) A vital human service is performed

C) Profession possesses a special body of knowledge that remains constant and does not grow

2

Any individual practicing in a specific area or discipline is a _____.

Practitioner

3

Which of the following is a professional organization of radiologic technology?

A) American Society of Radiographic Technologists
B) American Registry of Radiology Professionals
C) Radiologic Technologist Professionals
D) American Association of Radiology Technologists

A) American Society of Radiographic Technologists

4

What is the purpose of the Practice Standards in Radiography?

define the practice and establish general criteria to determine compliance

5

The practice standards are divided into three sections. Name and define the sections.

Professional Performance Standards
Quality Performance Standards
Clinical Performance Standards

6

The right to make decisions concerning one’s own life

A) Nonmaleficence
B) Autonomy
C) Truthfulness
D) Justice
E) Double effect

B) Autonomy

7

The intent is good, although a bad result may be foreseen

A) Nonmaleficence
B) Autonomy
C) Truthfulness
D) Justice
E) Double effect

E) Double effect

8

Equal treatment and equal benefits

A) Nonmaleficence
B) Autonomy
C) Truthfulness
D) Justice
E) Double effect

D) Justice

9

Honesty to patients

A) Nonmaleficence
B) Autonomy
C) Truthfulness
D) Justice
E) Double effect

C) Truthfulness

10

Duty to refrain from inflicting harm

A) Nonmaleficence
B) Autonomy
C) Truthfulness
D) Justice
E) Double effect

A) Nonmaleficence

11

The radiographer who mistakenly administers an incorrect drug to a patient may be guilty of a

A) Tort
B) Negligence
C) Crime
D) Battery

A) Tort

12

As a radiographer, you refuse to work with a patient because you do not care for persons of the patient’s religion. You are guilty of violating

A) The law
B) The ethics of your profession
C) You own moral values
D) Both a and b

D) Both a and b

13

Which of the following is not documentation for which you as a radiographer will be accountable in your department when you participate in a procedure.

A) Any adverse reactions to medications or treatments received by the patient
B) the exposure factors of a radiographic images taken
C) the pertinent medical history of the patient
D) the diagnostic results of a ny radiographic images taken

D) the diagnostic results of a ny radiographic images taken

14

Professional ethics may be defined as

A) A set of principles that govern a course of action
B) Standards of any professional person
C) The same as not violating the law
D) A set of rules and regulations made up by the department in which you work

A) A set of principles that govern a course of action

15

Which of the following is an example of privileged(confidential) information?

A) Your friend buys a new car and asks you not to tell anyone about it yet.
B) A colleague discusses his stock market holdings with you.
C) You assist with a diagnostic study and a large adherent mass is discovered in the colon.
D) A fellow student is told that he has the highest grades in the class.

C) You assist with a diagnostic study and a large adherent mass is discovered in the colon.

16

After completing a radiologic technology program, you are employed at the local community hospital in the diagnostic imaging department. You are approached by a colleague who asks you to become a member of the local chapter of your professional organization. You know that you will be expected to pay yearly dues. Which would be your best response to your colleague?

A) You explain that you have just begun your first job and money is in short supply at this time.
B) You laugh and say, “No thanks, I’ve had all of the organization I can take for a while.”
C) You join in 1 or 2 years when your financial status improves.
D) You join at once because you feel that it is an obligation to be a member of your professional organization.

D) You join at once because you feel that it is an obligation to be a member of your professional organization

17

Information about a patient’s condition or prognosis

A) May be freely discussed with close relatives
B) Must always remain confidential
C) Should always be open discussion, since “a well-known fact is no secret”
D) Should be discussed only on a co-worker/inter-departmental basis

B) Must always remain confidential

18

If you are unable to solve a professional ethical dilemma, you must present the problem to

A) Your attorney
B) The ethics committee of the institution for which you work
C) Your colleagues
D) Your peers

B) The ethics committee of the institution for which you work

19

As a radiographer you are assigned to a diagnostic imaging procedure for which you have had no education. Your best course of action when this occurs would be

A) To proceed as best you can
B) To ask a colleague for directions and then proceed
C) To explain to your superior that you have never worked with this procedure and do not feel competent to perform the procedure without education
D) To state that you are ill, and retreat

C) To explain to your superior that you have never worked with this procedure and do not feel competent to perform the procedure without education

20

True or False?

If you offer your services at the scene of an accident, you are protected from litigation by the Good Samaritan law.

True

21

If a patient requests to take his or her radiographic images to another institution for consultation, you must remember

A) That the patient must present a signed request before the records can be released
B) That only the original radiographic images can be released
C) That only copies of the original radiographic images can be released

A) That the patient must present a signed request before the records can be released

22

True or False

An unconscious child is brought to the emergency suite in your hospital for a diagnostic radiograph. There is no parent or legal guardian with the child. You will proceed with the procedure and will be functioning under the rule of implied consent.

True

23

List three areas in which the radiographer may infringe upon patient rights.

...

24

Which of the following is not a responsibility of the patient?

A) to fulfill financial obligations related to medical care
B) to provide an accurate and complete health history
C) to keep appointments
D) to give the health care team full control regarding decision making

D) to give the health care team full control regarding decision making

25

Covers the acute hospital care and home health care of persons 65 years of age and older

A) DRG
B) Point of Service plans
C) Medicare
D) HMOs
E) Medicaid

C) Medicare

26

Provides medical care for children and disabled persons

A) DRG
B) Point of Service plans
C) Medicare
D) HMOs
E) Medicaid

E) Medicaid

27

Groups for payment dependent upon medical diagnosis

A) DRG
B) Point of Service plans
C) Medicare
D) HMOs
E) Medicaid

A) DRG

28

Attempts to decrease medical care costs by means of preventative medical care

A) DRG
B) Point of Service plans
C) Medicare
D) HMOs
E) Medicaid

D) HMOs

29

Has primary care physicians who act as gatekeepers for patient care

A) DRG
B) Point of Service plans
C) Medicare
D) HMOs
E) Medicaid

B) Point of Service plans

30

True or False?

Sonographers do not need to obtain personal malpractice insurance policies; they are automatically protected from malpractice suits by their employers

False

31

Which of the following is not an instance of a radiographer infringing upon a patients rights?

A) violating the rules of confidentiality
B) not providing with results or diagnosis of a diagnostic imaging exam
C) ignoring the patient's right to informed consent for a procedure
D) violating the right to physical privacy

B) not providing with results or diagnosis of a diagnostic imaging exam

32

Something that is healing pr palliative is _____.

therapeutic

33

A teacher, coach or advisor of conduct is considered a _____.

mentor

34

True or False

The document that represents the application of moral principles and moral values for radiologic technology is the AMerican Registry of Radiologic Technologist Standards of Ethics

True

35

True or False?

The scope of practice of radiographers is not strictly defined or controlled byt eh profession's own regulating bodies.

False

36

Professional negligence that is the cause of injury or harm to a patient

A) malpractice
B) Statutory Law
C) Common law
D) liability
E) Regulatory Compliance

A) malpractice

37

Established law that is enacted by a legislative body and punishable by the court system.

A) malpractice
B) Statutory Law
C) Common law
D) liability
E) Regulatory Compliance

B) Statutory Law

38

Control of a situation or group of laws that supervise a profession

A) malpractice
B) Statutory Law
C) Common law
D) liability
E) Regulatory Compliance

E) Regulatory Compliance

39

Something that a person is obligated to do or an obligation required to be fulfilled by law; usually an obligation of financial nature

A) malpractice
B) Statutory Law
C) Common law
D) liability
E) Regulatory Compliance

D) liability

40

Decisions and opinions of courts that are based on local customs and habits of an area within a particular country or state

A) malpractice
B) Statutory Law
C) Common law
D) liability
E) Regulatory Compliance

C) Common law

41

To stay fixed or firm

A) Adhere
B) Holistic
C) Therapeutic
D) Sonographer
E) Diagnostic imaging

A) Adhere

42

Healing; palliative; curative

A) Adhere
B) Holistic
C) Therapeutic
D) Sonographer
E) Diagnostic imaging

C) Therapeutic

43

Modern term for radiography encompassing all specialties devoted to producing a picture of a body part

A) Adhere
B) Holistic
C) Therapeutic
D) Sonographer
E) Diagnostic imaging

E) Diagnostic imaging

44

The view that an organic or integrated whole has a reality independent of and greater than the sum of its parts

A) Adhere
B) Holistic
C) Therapeutic
D) Sonographer
E) Diagnostic imaging

B) Holistic

45

A radiologic technologist who uses critical thinking, problem solving, and judgement to perform diagnostic imaging

A) Adhere
B) Holistic
C) Therapeutic
D) Sonographer
E) Diagnostic imaging

D) Sonographer

46

An inclination or temperament based on personal judgement; prejudice

A) Bioethics
B) unethical
C) deframing
D) ethical
E) bias

E) bias

47

Conforming to the standards of conduct of a given profession or group

A) Bioethics
B) unethical
C) deframing
D) ethical
E) bias

D) ethical

48

Not conforming to the standards of conduct of a given profession or group

A) Bioethics
B) unethical
C) deframing
D) ethical
E) bias

B) unethical

49

to attack or injure a person's reputation

A) Bioethics
B) unethical
C) deframing
D) ethical
E) bias

C) deframing

50

Moral issues dealing with human life and death

A) Bioethics
B) unethical
C) deframing
D) ethical
E) bias

A) Bioethics