RadReview Pharmacology 68 but see 16 only

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1

Which of the following medications commonly found on emergency carts functions to raise blood pressure?
A.
Heparin
B.
Norepinephrine
C.
Nitroglycerin
D.
Lidocaine

B.
Norepinephrine

2

When caring for a patient with an IV line, the radiographer should keep the medication
A.
18 to 20 inches above the level of the vein.
B.
18 to 20 inches below the level of the vein.
C.
28 to 30 inches above the level of the vein.
D.
28 to 30 inches below the level of the vein.

A.
18 to 20 inches above the level of the vein.

3

Which of the following is a fast-acting vasodilator used to lower blood pressure and relieve the pain of angina pectoris?
A.
Digitalis
B.
Dilantin
C.
Nitroglycerin
D.
Cimetidine (Tagamet)

C.
Nitroglycerin

4

The medical abbreviation meaning "every hour" is
A.
tid.
B.
qid.
C.
qh.
D.
pc.

C.
qh.

5

What is the needle angle usually recommended for intramuscular injections?
A.
90 degrees
B.
75 degrees
C.
45 degrees
D.
15 degrees

A.
90 degrees

6

Which of the following drugs is used to treat dysrhythmias?
A.
Epinephrine
B.
Lidocaine
C.
Nitroglycerin
D.
Verapamil

B.
Lidocaine

7

An emetic is used to
A.
induce vomiting
B.
stimulate defecation
C.
promote elimination of urine
D.
inhibit coughing

A.
induce vomiting

8

Drugs that may be used to prolong blood clotting time include

heparin

diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

lidocaine

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

A.
1 only

9

What venous device can be used for a patient requiring IV injections at frequent or regular intervals?
A.
Butterfly needle
B.
Heparin lock
C.
IV infusion
D.
Hypodermic needle

B.
Heparin lock

10

A quantity of medication introduced intravenously over a period of time is termed
A.
an IV push.
B.
an infusion.
C.
a bolus.
D.
a hypodermic.

B.
an infusion.

11

The drug acetaminophen is classified as a(n)
A.
diuretic
B.
antipyretic
C.
antihistamine
D.
emetic

B.
antipyretic

12

A diuretic is used to
A.
induce vomiting
B.
stimulate defecation
C.
increase urine output
D.
inhibit coughing

C.
increase urine output

13

The diameter of a needle's lumen is referred to as its
A.
bevel.
B.
gauge.
C.
hub.
D.
length.

B.
gauge.

14

The medical abbreviation meaning "three times a day" is
A.
tid.
B.
qid.
C.
qh.
D.
pc.

A.
tid.

15

A small container holding several doses of medication is termed
A.
an ampule.
B.
a vial.
C.
a bolus.
D.
a carafe.

B.
a vial.

16

A drug's chemical name is called its
A.
generic name.
B.
trade name.
C.
brand name.
D.
proprietary name.

A.
generic name.

17

Ipecac is a medication used to induce vomiting and is classified as a(n)
A.
diuretic.
B.
antipyretic.
C.
antihistamine.
D.
emetic.

D.
emetic.

18

All drug packages must provide certain information required by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Some of the information that must be provided includes
1. the generic name.
2. contraindications.
3. the usual dose.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

D.
1, 2, and 3

19

Which of the following effects does an antibiotic have on the body?
A.
Decreases pain
B.
Helps delay clotting
C.
Increases urine output
D.
Combats bacterial growth

D.
Combats bacterial growth

20

All drug packages must provide certain information required by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Some of the information that must be provided includes
1. the generic name.
2. contraindications.
3. the usual dose.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

D.
1, 2, and 3

21

Extravasation occurs when
A.
there is an absence of collateral circulation
B.
there is a multitude of vessels supplying one area
C.
excessive contrast medium is injected
D.
contrast medium is injected into surrounding tissue

D.
contrast medium is injected into surrounding tissue

22

Which of the following is the preferred scheduling sequence?
A.
Lower GI series, abdomen ultrasound, upper GI series
B.
Abdomen ultrasound, lower GI series, upper GI series
C.
Abdomen ultrasound, upper GI series, lower GI series
D.
Upper GI series, lower GI series, abdomen ultrasound

B.
Abdomen ultrasound, lower GI series, upper GI series

23

In what order should the following examinations be scheduled?

Upper GI

Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)

Barium enema (BE)

A.
3, 1, 2
B.
1, 3, 2
C.
2, 1, 3
D.
2, 3, 1

D.
2, 3, 1